Check Your Blood Sugar Now, Before It's Too Late!
Diabetes, medically known as diabetes mellitus, actually refers to a group of metabolic diseases which results in persistently high blood sugar levels. Insulin is a hormone that is generated within the pancreas, and is responsible for the regulation of carbohydrate metabolism by absorbing sugars from the blood, and storing them in the muscles and fatty tissues. In case of diabetes, the pancreas is either unable to generate sufficient insulin, or the body cannot properly utilize the produced insulin. Referred to as the silent killer among medical professionals, it was estimated that around 387 million people were suffering from this chronic illness throughout the world.
What Are The Symptoms of Diabetes?
Depending upon the type of diabetes, the onset of symptoms can vary. In type II diabetes, where there is insufficient insulin production, the symptoms are generally milder, and go unnoticed for a long. On the other hand, in type I or childhood diabetes, characterized the inability of the body to produce insulin, the symptoms appear quite rapidly, and are more severe. If you observe that you are having the following problems, it is advisable to consult your medical practitioner to get your blood sugar levels checked:
- Polyphagia - this refers to an increase in hunger, and despite excessive eating, the patient seems to lose weight, especially among individuals suffering from type I diabetes.
- Polyuria - increased urination is usually the first symptom that causes individuals with undiagnosed diabetes to seek medical help. It is actually the body's attempt at getting rid of the excessive blood sugars through the urine.
- Polydipsia - it is a condition in which the patient feels increased thirst, and occurs because excessive loss of body water as a result of increased urination.
- Disturbances With Vision - increased sugars in the blood can accumulate in the cornea of the eye, and result in problems with vision, such as blurred vision, and even cataract.
- Fatigue - individuals suffering from diabetes frequently complain of fatigue throughout the day, and even feel tired after a good night's sleep.
- Reduced Immunity - the immune response of the body is directly affected due to diabetes, and the patients are at an increased risk of getting bacterial and fungal infections. A common example is the development of oral thrush, a fungal condition caused by Candida Albicans.
- Impaired Wound Healing - it is commonly observed among diabetic individuals is the slow healing of wounds. Even simple injuries that heal quickly in normal individuals, take weeks or even months to properly heal. This occurs because of the reduced blood supply to the organs.
- Neuropathies - this refers to a group of conditions in which the nervous system is severely affected due to diabetes. Initially the patient complains of burning, tingling or even painful sensations in the body's peripheries, known as peripheral neuropathy. Later on, the central nervous system also gets affected.
- Dental Problems - as mentioned earlier, diabetic patients have problems with wound healing and resistance against infections. Similarly, increased blood sugar levels also lead to gingival problems, as well as increased susceptibility to dental caries. Furthermore, any dental intervention, if required, such as a tooth extraction takes a lot of time in healing.
- Diabetic Dendromes - this refers to a group of skin rashes that occur in diabetic patients.
In case of persistently high blood sugar levels, patients can sometimes experience a medical emergency known as diabetic ketoacidosis, which is a metabolic disorder, and is characterized by nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, deep breathing, and reduced consciousness.
What Should You Do?
Unfortunately, there is no permanent cure available for diabetes. However, it is quite possible to manage it, and live a healthy and successful life, provided you follow your doctor's instructions, exercise regularly and take good care of your diet.