Shock is a form of physical shut down, and it mainly occurs when there is not enough blood circulating in your body.
The most characteristic symptoms of shock is a decreased or low blood pressure.
Shock can also be accompanied by the following:
- Shallow breathing.
- Cold, clammy skin.
- Rapid or weak pulse.
There are many different types of shock and the type of treatment will depend on the cause.
Some of the most common types of Shock include:
- Septic: Is usually caused by bacteria. This type of shock is usually treated by administering antibiotics and fluids.
- Anaphylactic: Is the result of an allergic or hypersensitive reaction. It is treated with Benadryl, epinephrine or steroid medications.
- Cardiogenic: Results from damage to the heart. Treatment entails treating the cause, in this case the heart.
- Hypovolemic: Is caused by a loss of blood of fluids. Treatment consists of fluids (usually intravenously) and/or blood transfusions.
- Neurogenic: which is a type of shock that occurs from trauma to the spinal cord. This is the most difficult type to treat, because damages to the spinal cord are often irreversible. For the most part immobilization, anti-inflammatory drugs and even surgery are the most common types of treatment.