Dr. Marek  Balutowski  Md image

Dr. Marek Balutowski Md

279 Main St Suite 102
New Paltz NY 12561
845 552-2930
Medical School: Other - 1999
Accepts Medicare: Yes
Participates In eRX: No
Participates In PQRS: No
Participates In EHR: No
License #: 229502
NPI: 1942259643
Taxonomy Codes:

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Practice Philosophy


Dr. Marek Balutowski is associated with these group practices

Procedure Pricing

HCPCS Code Description Average Price Average Price
Allowed By Medicare
HCPCS Code:99222 Description:Initial hospital care Average Price:$276.00 Average Price Allowed
By Medicare:
HCPCS Code:99232 Description:Subsequent hospital care Average Price:$148.00 Average Price Allowed
By Medicare:
HCPCS Code:99238 Description:Hospital discharge day Average Price:$147.00 Average Price Allowed
By Medicare:
HCPCS Code:99231 Description:Subsequent hospital care Average Price:$82.00 Average Price Allowed
By Medicare:
HCPCS Code:93000 Description:Electrocardiogram complete Average Price:$45.00 Average Price Allowed
By Medicare:
HCPCS Code:83036 Description:Glycosylated hemoglobin test Average Price:$13.00 Average Price Allowed
By Medicare:

HCPCS Code Definitions

Initial hospital care, per day, for the evaluation and management of a patient, which requires these 3 key components: A comprehensive history; A comprehensive examination; and Medical decision making of moderate complexity. Counseling and/or coordination of care with other physicians, other qualified health care professionals, or agencies are provided consistent with the nature of the problem(s) and the patient's and/or family's needs. Usually, the problem(s) requiring admission are of moderate severity. Typically, 50 minutes are spent at the bedside and on the patient's hospital floor or unit.
Electrocardiogram, routine ECG with at least 12 leads; with interpretation and report
Hospital discharge day management; 30 minutes or less
Subsequent hospital care, per day, for the evaluation and management of a patient, which requires at least 2 of these 3 key components: An expanded problem focused interval history; An expanded problem focused examination; Medical decision making of moderate complexity. Counseling and/or coordination of care with other physicians, other qualified health care professionals, or agencies are provided consistent with the nature of the problem(s) and the patient's and/or family's needs. Usually, the patient is responding inadequately to therapy or has developed a minor complication. Typically, 25 minutes are spent at the bedside and on the patient's hospital floor or unit.
Subsequent hospital care, per day, for the evaluation and management of a patient, which requires at least 2 of these 3 key components: A problem focused interval history; A problem focused examination; Medical decision making that is straightforward or of low complexity. Counseling and/or coordination of care with other physicians, other qualified health care professionals, or agencies are provided consistent with the nature of the problem(s) and the patient's and/or family's needs. Usually, the patient is stable, recovering or improving. Typically, 15 minutes are spent at the bedside and on the patient's hospital floor or unit.

Medical Malpractice Cases

None Found

Medical Board Sanctions

None Found


Doctor Name
Family Practice
Cardiovascular Disease (Cardiology)
Family Practice
Cardiovascular Disease (Cardiology)
Family Practice
Infectious Disease
Family Practice
Infectious Disease
*These referrals represent the top 10 that Dr. Balutowski has made to other doctors


Biochemical properties and crystal structure of the flavin reductase FerA from Paracoccus denitrificans. - Microbiological research
The Pden_2689 gene encoding FerA, an NADH:flavin oxidoreductase required for growth of Paracoccus denitrificans under iron limitation, was cloned and overexpressed as a C-terminally His6-tagged derivative. The binding of substrates and products was detected and quantified by isothermal titration calorimetry and fluorometric titration. FerA binds FMN and FAD with comparable affinity in an enthalpically driven, entropically opposed process. The reduced flavin is bound more loosely than the oxidized one, which was confirmed by a negative shift in the redox potential of FMN after addition of FerA. Initial velocity and substrate analogs inhibition studies showed that FerA follows a random-ordered sequence of substrate (NADH and FMN) binding. The primary kinetic isotope effects from stereospecifically deuterated nicotinamide nucleotides demonstrated that hydride transfer occurs from the pro-S position and contributes to rate limitation for the overall reaction. The crystal structure of FerA revealed a twisted seven-stranded antiparallel β-barrel similar to that of other short chain flavin reductases. Only minor structural changes around Arg106 took place upon FMN binding. The solution structure FerA derived from small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) matched the dimer assembly predicted from the crystal structure. Site-directed mutagenesis pinpointed a role of Arg106 and His146 in binding of flavin and NADH, respectively. Pull down experiments performed with cytoplasmic extracts resulted in a negative outcome indicating that FerA might physiologically act without association with other proteins. Rapid kinetics experiments provided evidence for a stabilizing effect of another P. denitrificans protein, theacceptor oxidoreducase FerB, against spontaneous oxidation of the FerA-produced dihydroflavin.Copyright © 2016 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.
Improving analytical methods for protein-protein interaction through implementation of chemically inducible dimerization. - Scientific reports
When investigating interactions between two proteins with complementary reporter tags in yeast two-hybrid or split GFP assays, it remains troublesome to discriminate true- from false-negative results and challenging to compare the level of interaction across experiments. This leads to decreased sensitivity and renders analysis of weak or transient interactions difficult to perform. In this work, we describe the development of reporters that can be chemically induced to dimerize independently of the investigated interactions and thus alleviate these issues. We incorporated our reporters into the widely used split ubiquitin-, bimolecular fluorescence complementation (BiFC)- and Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET)- based methods and investigated different protein-protein interactions in yeast and plants. We demonstrate the functionality of this concept by the analysis of weakly interacting proteins from specialized metabolism in the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana. Our results illustrate that chemically induced dimerization can function as a built-in control for split-based systems that is easily implemented and allows for direct evaluation of functionality.
Strong dominance of functional alleles over gene deletions in both intensely growing and deeply starved yeast cells. - Journal of evolutionary biology
Previous studies with diploid yeast have shown that the deletion of one allele at a single locus typically has little impact on fitness under conditions promoting fast growth. Here we confirm and quantify this finding. The strong dominance of functional over nonfunctional alleles is predicted by the metabolic control theory which assumes that the cell is a system of metabolic fluxes and that the total metabolic rate is equivalent to fitness. To test whether this requirements are critical, we tested dominance under conditions of long-term starvation when metabolism is low and thus the metabolic activities of proteins are likely inadequate or imbalanced. More fundamentally, the central assumption of the model, that high metabolic rate translates into high fitness, appears implausible. Contrary to these conjectures, we found that the mean rate of survival of starving heterozygotes was affected only slightly more than was the mean rate of growth under good conditions. Under none of the two treatments the central prediction of the model, that fitness of heterozygous strains is higher for the enzymatic proteins than for nonenzymatic ones, was confirmed. Our data add to growing uncertainty whether the metabolic control theory is sufficient to explain the remarkable ubiquity of strong genetic dominance. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Systemic Inflammatory Response After Open, Laparoscopic and Robotic Surgery in Endometrial Cancer Patients. - Anticancer research
To study inflammatory response and nutritional biomarkers in operated endometrial cancer (EC) patients.A total 109 consecutive EC patients undergoing open laparotomy (LT), laparoscopic (LS) or robot-assisted surgery (RS) were studied. Twenty four patients served as controls. Pre- and postoperative levels of inflammatory and nutritional biomarkers were analyzed prospectively.The estimated blood loss was significantly lower in RS compared to all other groups. C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) correlated with each other and exhibited positive correlation with age, body-mass index (BMI), leukocyte count, platelet count, kynurenine, kynurenine/tryptophan ratio and urinary neopterin and a negative correlation with vitamin D and retinol. Hemoglobin, retinol, alpha-tocopherol, vitamin D and citrulline concentrations decreased and inflammatory biomarkers increased after surgery to a different extent in LT, LS, RS and control groups.The present data demonstrate a differential response to surgical trauma in patients with endometrial carcinoma.Copyright© 2016 International Institute of Anticancer Research (Dr. John G. Delinassios), All rights reserved.
Genetic diversity of species Fowl aviadenovirus D and Fowl aviadenovirus E. - The Journal of general virology
Complete genomes of eight reference strains representing different serotypes within species Fowl aviadenovirus D (FAdV-D) and Fowl aviadenovirus E (FAdV-E) were sequenced. The sequenced genomes of FAdV-D and FAdV-E members comprise 43,287 to 44,336 bp, and have a gene organization identical to that of an earlier sequenced FAdV-D member (strain A-2A). Highest diversity was noticed in the hexon and fiber genes and ORF19. All genomes, sequenced in this study, contain one fiber gene. Phylogenetic analyses and G+C content support the division of the genus Aviadenovirus into the currently recognized species. Our data also suggest that the strain SR48 should be considered as FAdV-11 instead of FAdV-2 and similarly the strain HG as FAdV-8b. The present results complete the list of genome sequences of reference strains representing all serotypes in species FAdV-D and FAdV-E.
High Quality Independent from a Donor: Human Amniotic Fluid Derived Stem Cells - A Practical Analysis Based on 165 Clinical Cases. - Journal of cellular biochemistry
The aim of the study was to extend the potential use of human stem cells isolated from amniotic fluid in medical applications by confirming their high homogeneity and quality.Amniotic fluid samples were collected during amniocentesis from 165 women during pregnancy. The proliferation rate, clonogenicity, karyotype, aging process, pluripotent cell markers, expression of surface markers and the potential to differentiate into adipose, bone and cartilage cells of hAFSCs were analyzed.Obtained results revealed that mesenchymal stem cells could be derived successfully from amniotic fluid, which exhibit properties comparable with MSCs of other origins.It is the first study, in which such a large group of patients was involved. Comprehensive statistical and biological analysis were conducted some of which clearly being innovative in relation to human amniotic fluid-derived stem cells. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Additive Prognostic Value of Echocardiographic Global Longitudinal and Global Circumferential Strain to Electrocardiographic Criteria in Patients With Heart Failure Undergoing Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy. - Circulation. Cardiovascular imaging
Response to cardiac resynchronization therapy is most favorable in patients with heart failure with QRS duration ≥150 ms and left bundle branch block and less predictable in those with QRS width 120 to 149 ms or non-left bundle branch block.We studied 205 patients with heart failure referred for cardiac resynchronization therapy with QRS ≥120 ms and ejection fraction ≤35%. We tested the hypothesis that contractile function using speckle-tracking echocardiographic global circumferential strain (GCS) from 2 short-axis views and global longitudinal strain (GLS) from 3 apical views add prognostic value to electrocardiographic criteria. There were 112 patients (55%) with GLS >-9% and 136 patients (66%) with GCS >-9%. During 4 years, 81 patients reached the combined primary end point (death, circulatory support, or transplant) and 120 reached the secondary end point (heart failure hospitalization or death). Both GLS >-9% and GCS >-9% were associated with increased risk of unfavorable events as follows: for the primary end point (hazard ratio=2.91; 95% confidence interval, 1.88-4.49; P<0.001) and (hazard ratio=3.73; 95% confidence interval, 2.39-5.82; P<0.001) for the secondary end point (hazard ratio=2.10; 95% confidence interval, 1.45-3.05; P<0.001) and (hazard ratio=3.25; 95% confidence interval, 2.23-4.75; P<0.001). In a prespecified subgroup of 120 patients with QRS 120 to 149 ms or non-left bundle branch block, significant associations of baseline GLS and GCS and outcomes remained: P=0.014 and P=0.002 for the primary end point and P=0.049 and P=0.001 for the secondary end point. Global strain measures had additive prognostic value to routine clinical or electrocardiographic parameters (P<0.001).Baseline GCS and GLS were significantly associated with long-term outcome after cardiac resynchronization therapy and had additive prognostic value to routine clinical and electrocardiographic selection criteria for cardiac resynchronization therapy.© 2016 American Heart Association, Inc.
Large-Scale Overproduction and Purification of Recombinant Histone Deacetylase 8 (HDAC8) from the Human-Pathogenic Flatworm Schistosoma mansoni. - Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.)
Epigenetic mechanisms underlie the morphological transformations and shifts in virulence of eukaryotic pathogens. The targeting of epigenetics-driven cellular programs thus represents an Achilles' heel of human parasites. Today, zinc-dependent histone deacetylases (HDACs) belong to the most explored epigenetic drug targets in eukaryotic parasites. Here, we describe an optimized protocol for the large-scale overproduction and purification of recombinant smHDAC8, an emerging epigenetic drug target in the multicellular human-pathogenic flatworm Schistosoma mansoni. The strategy employs the robustness of recombinant expression in Escherichia coli together with initial purification through a poly-histidine affinity tag that can be removed by the thrombin protease. This protocol is divided into two steps: (1) large-scale production of smHDAC8 in E. coli, and (2) purification of the target smHDAC8 protein through multiple purification steps.
Plasma EGF and cognitive decline in Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's disease. - Annals of clinical and translational neurology
Cognitive decline occurs in multiple neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Parkinson's disease (PD). Shared underlying mechanisms may exist and manifest as shared biomarker signatures. Previously, we nominated plasma epidermal growth factor (EGF) as a biomarker predicting cognitive decline in patients with established PD. Here, we investigate EGF as a predictive biomarker in prodromal PD, as well as AD.A cohort of PD patients (n = 236) was recruited to replicate our finding that low baseline EGF levels predict future cognitive decline. Additionally, plasma EGF and cognitive outcome measures were obtained from individuals with normal cognition (NC, n = 58), amnestic mild cognitive impairment (AD-MCI, n = 396), and Alzheimer's disease (AD, n = 112) in the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) cohort to investigate whether low EGF levels correlate with cognitive status and outcome in AD-MCI and AD. Third, plasma EGF and cognitive measures were evaluated in the high-risk asymptomatic Parkinson's Associated Risk Study (PARS) cohort (n = 165) to investigate the association of EGF and cognitive performance in a PD prodromal context.In both PD and AD-MCI, low baseline plasma EGF predicted poorer long-term cognitive outcomes. In asymptomatic individuals at highest risk for developing PD from the PARS cohort, low baseline plasma EGF associated with poorer performance in the visuospatial domain but not in other cognitive domains.Low plasma EGF at baseline predicts cognitive decline in both AD and PD. Evidence for this signal may exist in prodromal stages of both diseases.
Meiosis, Balbiani body and early asymmetry of Thermobia oocyte. - Protoplasma
The meiotic division guarantees maintenance of a genetic diversity; it consists of several stages, with prophase I being the longest and the most complex. We decided to follow the course of initial stages of meiotic division in ovaries of Thermobia domestica using modified techniques of squash preparations, semithin sections, and electron microscopy. We show that germaria contain numerous germline cells that can be classified into three categories: cystoblasts, meiotic oocytes, and growing previtellogenic oocytes. The cystoblasts are located most apically. The meiotic oocytes occupy the middle part of the germarium, and the previtellogenic oocytes can be found in the most basal part, near the vitellarium. Analyses of the semithin sections and squash preparations show that post leptotene meiotic chromosomes gather in one region of the nucleoplasm where they form the so-called bouquet. The telomeres of the bouquet chromosomes are attached to a relatively small area (segment) of the nuclear envelope. Next to this envelope segment, the nucleolar organizers are also located. We show that in concert to sequential changes inside the oocyte nuclei, rearrangement of organelles within the ooplasm (oocyte cytoplasm) takes place. This leads to the formation of the Balbiani body and consequent asymmetry of the ooplasm. These early nuclear and cytoplasmic asymmetries, however, are transient. During diplotene, the chromosome bouquet disappears, while the Balbiani body gradually disperses throughout the ooplasm. Finally, our observations indicate the presence of lampbrush chromosomes in the nuclei of previtellogenic oocytes. In the close vicinity to lampbrush chromosomes, characteristic spherical nuclear bodies are present.

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279 Main St Suite 102 New Paltz, NY 12561
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