Dr. Robert  Stern  Md image

Dr. Robert Stern Md

133 Ornac Emerson Hospital
Concord MA 01742
978 873-3512
Medical School: New York University School Of Medicine - 1972
Accepts Medicare: Yes
Participates In eRX: No
Participates In PQRS: Yes
Participates In EHR: No
License #: MA37839
NPI: 1932238805
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Dr. Robert Stern is associated with these group practices

Procedure Pricing

HCPCS Code Description Average Price Average Price
Allowed By Medicare
HCPCS Code:90801 Description:Psy dx interview Average Price:$398.00 Average Price Allowed
By Medicare:
HCPCS Code:99239 Description:Hospital discharge day Average Price:$242.00 Average Price Allowed
By Medicare:
HCPCS Code:90862 Description:Medication management Average Price:$140.00 Average Price Allowed
By Medicare:
HCPCS Code:99231 Description:Subsequent hospital care Average Price:$101.00 Average Price Allowed
By Medicare:

HCPCS Code Definitions

Hospital discharge day management; more than 30 minutes
Subsequent hospital care, per day, for the evaluation and management of a patient, which requires at least 2 of these 3 key components: A problem focused interval history; A problem focused examination; Medical decision making that is straightforward or of low complexity. Counseling and/or coordination of care with other physicians, other qualified health care professionals, or agencies are provided consistent with the nature of the problem(s) and the patient's and/or family's needs. Usually, the patient is stable, recovering or improving. Typically, 15 minutes are spent at the bedside and on the patient's hospital floor or unit.

Medical Malpractice Cases

None Found

Medical Board Sanctions

None Found


Doctor Name
Diagnostic Radiology
Diagnostic Radiology
Cardiovascular Disease (Cardiology)
Cardiovascular Disease (Cardiology)
*These referrals represent the top 10 that Dr. Stern has made to other doctors


Risk of serious infections, cutaneous bacterial infections, and granulomatous infections in patients with psoriasis treated with anti-tumor necrosis factor agents versus classic therapies: Prospective meta-analysis of Psonet registries. - Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) therapy in psoriasis has been associated with an increased risk of serious infections compared with nonbiologic systemic therapies.We sought to quantify the risk of: (1) serious infections (leading to hospitalization, sequelae, or death); and (2) "any infection," bacterial cutaneous infections, and granulomatous infections among patients receiving anti-TNF therapy compared with nonbiologics (acitretin, methotrexate, cyclosporine).We used prospective meta-analysis to combine data from the Psocare registry (Italy), Biobadaderm registry (Spain), and Clalit Health Services database (Israel), including 17,739 patients and 23,357.5 person-years of follow-up.For serious infections, age, gender, and Charlson morbidity index adjusted hazard ratio of exposure to anti-TNFs compared with nonbiologics was 0.98 (95% confidence interval 0.80-1.19), for bacterial cutaneous infections it was 1.00 (95% confidence interval 0.62-1.61), and for granulomatous infections it was 1.23 (95% confidence interval 0.82-1.84). Using methotrexate as comparator and comparing first year of exposure with later exposure did not modify the results. For any infectious episode, risks and relative risks were heterogeneous among registries, probably because of different definitions of outcome.There was lack of power to describe risk of single drugs.In current clinical practice, treatment with anti-TNF drugs was not associated with a higher risk of serious infections than treatment with nonbiologic systemic therapy.Copyright © 2016 American Academy of Dermatology, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Office-Based Assessment of At-Risk Driving in Older Adults With and Without Cognitive Impairment. - Journal of geriatric psychiatry and neurology
A multitest approach is optimal for the identification of at-risk driving among older adults. This study examined the predictive validity of a combination of office-based screening tests for on-road driving performance in older adults with and without mild cognitive impairment (MCI)/dementia.Forty-four normal control, 20 participants with MCI, and 20 participants with dementia completed a battery of office-based assessments. On-road driving evaluation classified participants as not at-risk (n = 65) or at-risk drivers (n = 19).Logistic regression revealed age and 2 tests of visual attention abilities (Useful Field of View [UFOV] Divided Attention and Neuropsychological Assessment Battery [NAB] Driving Scenes) best predicted at-risk drivers (C statistic = 0.90); no cutoff score had both sensitivity and specificity >80%.Future research on larger and more clinically representative neurological samples will improve understanding of the utility of the UFOV Divided Attention and NAB Driving Scenes in detecting at-risk older adult drivers in the clinic.© The Author(s) 2016.
Hyaluronan in medical practice. - Current medicinal chemistry
Hyaluronan is the major extracellular matrix glycosaminoglycan polymer present in vertebrate tissues, with a molar mass that can reach several megaDaltons. It is particularly prominent in the matrix of tissues undergoing rapid turnover, in fetal tissues, and wherever regeneration and repair are occurring. Hyaluronan has highly varied biological functions often dependent on molar mass, however they are highly dependent on source of hyaluronan, its purity and nature of contaminants. Hyaluronan of highmolar- mass is known for its anti-angiogenic, anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive properties, unlike hyaluronan of low-molar-mass that has the opposite effects. Hyaluronan also has a broad range of clinical applications, such as intra-articular injection, in ophthalmology, otolaryngology, wound healing, and commercially in the cosmetic industry, as well as in drug delivery systems. Currently, polymers of hyaluronan are modified in order to improve their properties, including bioavailability and resistance to degradation. Because of greatly increased interest currently in hyaluronan, the multiple functions of the polymer are presented here, including medicine and industry, as well as recent progress in the formulation of hyaluronan-based materials.
Cognitive Reserve as a Modifier of Clinical Expression in Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy: A Preliminary Examination. - The Journal of neuropsychiatry and clinical neurosciences
This study conducted a preliminary examination on cognitive reserve (CR) as a modifier of symptom expression in subjects with autopsy-confirmed chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). The sample included 25 former professional football players neuropathologically diagnosed with CTE stage III or IV. Next of kin interviews ascertained age at cognitive and behavioral/mood symptom onset and demographic/athletic characteristics. Years of education and occupational attainment defined CR. High occupational achievement predicted later age at cognitive (p=0.02) and behavioral/mood (p=0.02) onset. Education was not an individual predictor. These preliminary findings suggest that CR may forestall the clinical manifestation of CTE.
Valproic Acid Induced Hyperammonemia in a Long Time Treated Patient. - Case reports in psychiatry
We report a case of a patient who had been on long time valproic acid for treatment of bipolar affective disorder. While being an inpatient, serology ammonia level testing revealed a very high ammonia level despite being asymptomatic. Dual therapy of carnitine and lactulose was provided to the patient for treatment of the hyperammonemia. It should also be noted that, during this treatment, valproic acid was not stopped. Consequently, this case illustrates that patients can present asymptomatically despite very high ammonia levels and hyperammonemia can occur in chronic valproic acid despite not increasing the dose of the medication and psychiatrists do not need to discontinue valproic acid in the presence of elevated levels of ammonia if the patient shows no signs of encephalopathy or delirium.
Late-Life Vascular Risk Factors and Alzheimer Disease Neuropathology in Individuals with Normal Cognition. - Journal of neuropathology and experimental neurology
Vascular risk factors (VRFs) have been associated with clinically diagnosed Alzheimer disease (AD), but few studies have examined the association between VRF and AD neuropathology (ADNP) in cognitively normal individuals. We used longitudinal data from the National Alzheimer's Disease Center's Uniform Data Set and Neuropathology Data Set to examine the association between VRF and ADNP (moderate to frequent neuritic plaques; Braak stage III-VI) in those with normal cognition. Our sample included 53 participants with ADNP and 140 without ADNP. Body mass index (BMI), resting heart rate (HR), and pulse pressure (PP) were measured at each visit; values were averaged across participant visits and examined annual change in BMI, PP, and HR. Hypertension, diabetes, and hypercholesterolemia were self-reported. In the multivariable logistic regression analyses, average BMI and HR were associated with lower odds of ADNP, and annual increases in HR and BMI were associated with higher odds of ADNP. A previously experienced decline in BMI or HR in late-life (therefore, currently low BMI and low HR) as well as a late-life increase in BMI and HR may indicate underlying AD pathology. Additional clinicopathological research is needed to elucidate the role of changes in late-life VRF and AD pathogenesis.© 2016 American Association of Neuropathologists, Inc. All rights reserved.
Long-term trajectories of self-reported cognitive function in a cohort of older survivors of breast cancer: CALGB 369901 (Alliance). - Cancer
The number of survivors of breast cancer aged ≥65 years ("older") is growing, but to the authors' knowledge, little is known regarding the cognitive outcomes of these individuals.A cohort of cognitively intact older survivors with nonmetastatic, invasive breast cancer was recruited from 78 sites from 2004 through 2011; approximately 83.7% of the survivors (1280 survivors) completed baseline assessments. Follow-up data were collected at 6 months and annually for up to 7 years (median, 4.1 years). Cognitive function was self-reported using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire Core 30 (EORTC QLQ-C30); scores ranged from 0 to 100, with a higher score indicating better function. Group-based trajectory modeling determined trajectories; women were assigned to a trajectory group based on the highest predicted probability of membership. Multinomial logistic regression evaluated the association between receipt of chemotherapy (with or without hormonal treatment) and trajectory group.Survivors were aged 65 to 91 years; approximately 41% received chemotherapy. There were 3 cognitive trajectories: "maintained high" (42.3% of survivors); "phase shift" (50.1% of survivors), with scores slightly below but parallel to maintained high; and "accelerated decline" (7.6% of survivors), with the lowest baseline scores and greatest decline (from 71.7 [standard deviation, 19.8] to 58.3 [standard deviation, 21.9]). The adjusted odds of being in the accelerated decline group (vs the maintained high group) were 2.1 times higher (95% confidence interval, 1.3-3.5) for survivors who received chemotherapy (with or without hormonal therapy) versus those treated with hormonal therapy alone. Greater comorbidity and frailty also were found to be associated with accelerated decline.Trajectory group analysis demonstrated that the majority of older survivors maintained good long-term self-reported cognitive function, and that only a small subset who were exposed to chemotherapy manifested accelerated cognitive decline. Future research is needed to determine factors that place some older survivors at risk of experiencing cognitive decline. Cancer 2016. 2016 The Authors. Cancer published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of American Cancer Society. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.© 2016 The Authors. Cancer published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of American Cancer Society.
Olfactory Function and Associated Clinical Correlates in Former National Football League Players. - Journal of neurotrauma
Professional American football players incur thousands of repetitive head impacts (RHIs) throughout their lifetime. The long-term consequences of RHI are not well characterized, but may include olfactory dysfunction. RHI has been associated with changes to brain regions involved in olfaction, and olfactory impairment is common after traumatic brain injury. Olfactory dysfunction is a frequent early sequelae of neurodegenerative diseases (e.g., Alzheimer's disease), and RHI is associated with the neurodegenerative disease, chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). We examined olfaction, and its association with clinical measures, in former National Football League (NFL) players. Ninety-five former NFL players (ages 40-69) and 28 same-age controls completed a neuropsychological and neuropsychiatric evaluation as part of a National Institutes of Health-funded study. The Brief Smell Identification Test (B-SIT) assessed olfaction. Principal component analysis generated a four-factor structure of the clinical measures: behavioral/mood, psychomotor speed/executive function, and verbal and visual memory. Former NFL players had worse B-SIT scores relative to controls (p = 0.0096). A B-SIT cutoff of 11 had the greatest accuracy (c-statistic = 0.61) and specificity (79%) for discriminating former NFL players from controls. In the former NFL players, lower B-SIT scores correlated with greater behavioral/mood impairment (p = 0.0254) and worse psychomotor speed/executive functioning (p = 0.0464) after controlling for age and education. Former NFL players exhibited lower olfactory test scores relative to controls, and poorer olfactory test performance was associated with worse neuropsychological and neuropsychiatric functioning. Future work that uses more-comprehensive tests of olfaction and structural and functioning neuroimaging may improve understanding on the association between RHI and olfaction.
Screening Utility of the King-Devick Test in Mild Cognitive Impairment and Alzheimer Disease Dementia. - Alzheimer disease and associated disorders
The King-Devick (K-D) test is a 1 to 2 minute, rapid number naming test, often used to assist with detection of concussion, but also has clinical utility in other neurological conditions (eg, Parkinson disease). The K-D involves saccadic eye and other eye movements, and abnormalities thereof may be an early indicator of Alzheimer disease (AD)-associated cognitive impairment. No study has tested the utility of the K-D in AD and we sought to do so. The sample included 206 [135 controls, 39 mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and 32 AD dementia] consecutive subjects from the Boston University Alzheimer's Disease Center registry undergoing their initial annual evaluation between March 2013 and July 2015. The K-D was administered during this period. Areas under the receiver operating characteristic curves generated from logistic regression models revealed the K-D test distinguished controls from subjects with cognitive impairment (MCI and AD dementia) [area under the curve (AUC)=0.72], MCI (AUC=0.71) and AD dementia (AUC=0.74). K-D time scores between 48 and 52 seconds were associated with high sensitivity (>90.0%) and negative predictive values (>85.0%) for each diagnostic group. The K-D correlated strongly with validated attention, processing speed, and visual scanning tests. The K-D test may be a rapid and simple effective screening tool to detect cognitive impairment associated with AD.
Retinal blood flow in mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease. - Alzheimer's & dementia (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
Patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) demonstrate the narrowing of retinal veins and decreased retinal venous blood flow compared with control subjects. We assessed whether these abnormalities are present in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI).After the determination of the global clinical dementia rating, 52 subjects (10 AD, 21 MCI, and 21 normal controls) underwent retinal hemodynamic profiling. Blood column diameter, blood speed, and blood flow were measured in a major temporal retinal vein using retinal laser Doppler flowmetry. In addition, peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness was measured using optical coherence tomography.Blood column diameter in AD was narrower than in both MCI (P = .004) and controls (P = .002). However, blood speed in both AD (P = .024) and MCI (P = .005) was lower than in controls. As a result, the differences in blood flow between AD and MCI (P = .036), AD and controls (P < .0001), and MCI and controls (P = .009) were significant. Although there were no differences in RNFL thickness among the groups, blood flow was correlated (P = .047) with superior RNFL thickness in the AD group, but not in the MCI (P = .40) or control (P = .84) groups.Retinal blood flow in MCI is intermediate between what is measured in control subjects and in AD patients. Our findings suggest that blood flow abnormalities may precede the neurodegeneration in AD.

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