Dr. Hyun Jung  Kim   image

Dr. Hyun Jung Kim

184 Liberty Street, Lv 113
New Haven CT 06519
301 676-6800
Medical School: Other - Unknown
Accepts Medicare: No
Participates In eRX: No
Participates In PQRS: No
Participates In EHR: No
License #: 53056
NPI: 1922241876
Taxonomy Codes:
2084P0800X 2084P0804X 390200000X

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Nature of the Insulating Ground State of the 5d Postperovskite CaIrO_{3}. - Physical review letters
The insulating ground state of the 5d transition metal oxide CaIrO_{3} has been classified as a Mott-type insulator. Based on a systematic density functional theory (DFT) study with local, semilocal, and hybrid exchange-correlation functionals, we reveal that the Ir t_{2g} states exhibit large splittings and one-dimensional electronic states along the c axis due to a tetragonal crystal field. Our hybrid DFT calculation adequately describes the antiferromagnetic (AFM) order along the c direction via a superexchange interaction between Ir^{4+} spins. Furthermore, the spin-orbit coupling (SOC) hybridizes the t_{2g} states to open an insulating gap. These results indicate that CaIrO_{3} can be represented as a spin-orbit Slater insulator, driven by the interplay between a long-range AFM order and the SOC. Such a Slater mechanism for the gap formation is also demonstrated by the DFT + dynamical mean field theory calculation, where the metal-insulator transition and the paramagnetic to AFM phase transition are concomitant with each other.
Effects of Renal Replacement Therapy in Patients Receiving Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation: A Meta-Analysis. - The Annals of thoracic surgery
The use of renal replacement therapy (RRT) in patients receiving extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is increasing, but the effect of RRT on ECMO is controversial. We performed a meta-analysis to determine whether RRT is related to higher mortality in patients receiving ECMO. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, and KoreaMed and found 43 observational studies with 21,624 patients receiving ECMO and then compared inpatient mortality rates of patients receiving ECMO both with and without RRT. The risk ratio (RR) of mortality between patients receiving RRT and those not receiving RRT tended to decrease as the mortality of the group not receiving RRT increased. Among patients with RRT use rates of 30% and higher, the overall mortality rates for all patients receiving ECMO tended to decrease. We found that the increase in the RR for RRT tended to be greater the longer the initiation of RRT was delayed. We suggest that in patients receiving ECMO who have high RRT use rates, RRT may decrease mortality rates.Copyright © 2015 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Minimal Pleural Effusion in Small Cell Lung Cancer: Proportion, Mechanisms, and Prognostic Effect. - Radiology
Purpose To determine the frequency and investigate possible mechanisms and prognostic relevance of minimal (<10-mm thickness) pleural effusion in patients with small cell lung cancer (SCLC). Materials and Methods The single-center retrospective study was approved by the institutional review board of the hospital, and informed consent was waived by the patients. A cohort of 360 consecutive patients diagnosed with SCLC by using histologic analysis was enrolled in this study. Based on the status of pleural effusion on chest computed tomographic (CT) scans at diagnosis, patients were classified into three groups: no pleural effusion, minimal pleural effusion, and malignant pleural effusion. Eighteen variables related to patient, environment, stage, and treatment were included in the final model as potential confounders. Results Minimal pleural effusion was present in 74 patients (20.6%) and malignant pleural effusion in 83 patients (23.0%). Median survival was significantly different in patients with no, minimal, or malignant pleural effusion (median survival, 11.2, 5.93, and 4.83 months, respectively; P < .001, log-rank test). In the fully adjusted final model, patients with minimal pleural effusion had a significantly increased risk of death compared with those with no pleural effusion (adjusted hazard ratio, 1.454 [95% confidence interval: 1.012, 2.090]; P = .001). The prognostic effect was significant in patients with stage I-III disease (adjusted hazard ratio, 2.751 [95% confidence interval: 1.586, 4.773]; P < .001), but it disappeared in stage IV disease. An indirect mechanism representing mediastinal lymphadenopathy was responsible for the accumulation in all but one patient with minimal pleural effusion. Conclusions Minimal pleural effusion is a common clinical finding in staging SCLC. Its presence is associated with worse survival in patients and should be considered when CT scans are interpreted. (©) RSNA, 2015 Online supplemental material is available for this article.
Statin use in spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage: a systematic review and meta-analysis. - International journal of stroke : official journal of the International Stroke Society
Nonrandomized observational studies have been conducted to evaluate the effects of statins on clinical outcomes in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage. Several studies on the effects of statin administration in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage have been published recently, but the findings are inconsistent.To evaluate the effects of statins administered prior to hospital admission and during hospitalization on mortality and functional outcomes in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage.We searched for relevant literature using multiple comprehensive databases and performed a systematic review and meta-analysis. Sixteen studies met our selection criteria. Preintracerebral hemorrhage statin use was not associated with mortality (odds ratio: 0·90, 95% confidence interval: 0·63-1·28). However, patients who used statins prior to intracerebral hemorrhage had a decreased risk of mortality at three-months following symptom onset (odds ratio: 0·47, 95% confidence interval: 0·32-0·68) and an increased probability of good functional outcomes (odds ratio: 1·49, 95% confidence interval: 1·01-2·19), as compared with those who did not. In-hospital use of statins was associated with a low risk of mortality (odds ratio: 0·34, 95% confidence interval: 0·26-0·44) irrespective of preadmission statin use or postadmission time-points. Additionally, we were unable to pool the data on statin withdrawal because of differences in study methodologies.Although careful interpretation is necessary due to several study limitations, we have demonstrated that statin use in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage is likely associated with improved mortality and functional outcomes.© 2015 World Stroke Organization.
Increased Butyrate Production During Long-Term Fermentation of In Vitro-Digested High Amylose Cornstarch Residues with Human Feces. - Journal of food science
An in vitro semi-continuous long-term (3 wk) anaerobic incubation system simulating lower gut fermentation was used to determine variability in gut microbial metabolism between 4 predigested high amylose-resistant starch residues (SR): SRV, SRVI, SRVII, and SRGEMS in human fecal samples. Subjects participated twice, 5 mo apart: 30 in Phase I (15 lean, 9 overweight and 6 obese), 29 in Phase II (15 lean, 9 overweight, 5 obese); 13 of 15 lean subjects participated in both phases. Of the 4 SRs, SRV displayed the highest gelatinization temperature, peak temperature, enthalpy changes, and the least digestibility compared with the other SRs. In both phases, compared with blank controls, all SRs increased butyrate ∼2-fold which stabilized at week 2 and only SRV caused greater propionate concentration (∼30%) after 3 wk which might have been partly mediated by its lesser digestibility. Fecal samples from lean and overweight/obese subjects incubated with SRs showed similar short-chain fatty acid production across both time points, which suggests that resistant starch may benefit individuals across BMIs.© 2015 Institute of Food Technologists®
Efficiency and durability of hyaluronic acid of different particle sizes as an injectable material for VF augmentation. - Acta oto-laryngologica
The results of the present investigation suggest that modification of HA could improve efficiency and durability in augmentation laryngoplasty.Injection laryngoplasty (IL) is one of the most suitable options for treatment of glottic insufficiency, which is caused by vocal fold (VF) paralysis, atrophy, or scarring. Hyaluronic acid (HA) is a widely used material for VF injection. This study was intended to evaluate the durability and efficiency of HA of different particle sizes for VF augmentation.Three types of HA, Restylane®, monophasic low-viscosity, and unequal particle-sized middle-viscosity HA were injected into the left VF of three groups with eight rabbits each.After 6 and 10 weeks, the injected site was evaluated endoscopically, histologically, radiologically, and functionally. None of the 24 rabbits showed any signs of respiratory distress. Computed tomography (CT) images and endoscopic evaluation revealed sufficient augmented volume of the injected VF in all treated groups 6 weeks after the injection. Histological data at week 10 showed that unequal particle-sized HA did not migrate from its original injection site, while other HAs migrated to the periphery of the arytenoid cartilage. Videokymographic analysis showed more favorable vibrations of unequal particle-sized HA injected VF mucosa 10 weeks post-injection, compared to the other treatment groups.
Treatment of Helicobacter pylori Infection in Korea: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. - Journal of Korean medical science
The efficacy of seven-day clarithromycin-based standard triple therapy (STT) for Helicobacter pylori has decreased in Korea over the past decade. The aim of this meta-analysis was to clarify the efficacy of first-line and second-line therapies in Korea. This systematic review will provide an overview of H. pylori eradication and present new therapeutic strategies used in Korea. An extensive search of the literature concerning STT, sequential therapy (SET), concomitant therapy (CT), bismuth-containing quadruple therapy (BCQT) and various other therapies used in Korea was performed. All selected studies were randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Eighteen RCTs were eligible for systematic review. The alternative regimens comparing seven-day STT as a first-line therapy include SET, CT, levofloxacin-based therapy (LBT), BCQT, and STT with prolonged duration. The results of the meta-analysis suggest that SET is superior to seven-day STT. The overall eradication rate by intention to treat (ITT) analysis was 69.8% for STT and 79.7% for SET. The overall eradication rate by per-protocol (PP) analysis was 77.0% for STT and 85.0% for SET. The odds ratios for the ITT and PP eradication rate were 0.57 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.43 to 0.74) and 0.52 (95% CI, 0.35 to 0.76), respectively. In the subgroup analysis, however, there were no significant differences between SET and STT with prolonged durations. Alternative regimens to seven-day BCQT as second-line therapy include LBT, moxifloxacin-based therapy and 14-day BCQT. The eradication rates of these alternative regimens were not superior to that of the conventional treatment. SET is superior to seven-day STT but not to STT with prolonged duration.
Erratum: Does the Mean Arterial Pressure Influence Mortality Rate in Patients with Acute Hypoxemic Respiratory Failure under Mechanical Ventilation? - Tuberculosis and respiratory diseases
[This corrects the article on p. 85 in vol. 78, PMID: 25861341.].
Overexpressed Calponin3 by Subsonic Vibration Induces Neural Differentiation of hUC-MSCs by Regulating the Ionotropic Glutamate Receptor. - Applied biochemistry and biotechnology
In this study, we used proteomics to investigate the effects of sonic vibration (SV) on mesenchymal stem cells derived from human umbilical cords (hUC-MSCs) during neural differentiation to understand how SV enhances neural differentiation of hUC-MSCs. We investigated the levels of gene and protein related to neural differentiation after 3 or 5 days in a group treated with 40-Hz SV. In addition, protein expression patterns were compared between the control and the 40-Hz SV-treated hUC-MSC groups via a proteomic approach. Among these proteins, calponin3 (CNN3) was confirmed to have 299 % higher expression in the 40-Hz SV stimulated hUC-MSCs group than that in the control by Western blotting. Notably, overexpression of CNN3-GFP in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO)-K1 cells had positive effects on the stability and reorganization of F-actin compared with that in GFP-transfected cells. Moreover, CNN3 changed the morphology of the cells by making a neurite-like form. After being subjected to SV, messenger RNA (mRNA) levels of glutamate receptors such as PSD95, GluR1, and NR1 as well as intracellular calcium levels were upregulated. These results suggest that the activity of glutamate receptors increased because of CNN3 characteristics. Taken together, these results demonstrate that overexpressed CNN3 during SV increases expression of glutamate receptors and promotes functional neural differentiation of hUC-MSCs.
Utility of a Three-Dimensional Interactive Augmented Reality Program for Balance and Mobility Rehabilitation in the Elderly: A Feasibility Study. - Annals of rehabilitation medicine
To improve lower extremity function and balance in elderly persons, we developed a novel, three-dimensional interactive augmented reality system (3D ARS). In this feasibility study, we assessed clinical and kinematic improvements, user participation, and the side effects of our system.Eighteen participants (age, 56-76 years) capable of walking independently and standing on one leg were recruited. The participants received 3D ARS training during 10 sessions (30-minute duration each) for 4 weeks. Berg Balance Scale (BBS) and the Timed Up and Go (TUG) scores were obtained before and after the exercises. Outcome performance variables, including response time and success rate, and kinematic variables, such as hip and knee joint angle, were evaluated after each session.Participants exhibited significant clinical improvements in lower extremity balance and mobility following the intervention, as shown by improved BBS and TUG scores (p<0.001). Consistent kinematic improvements in the maximum joint angles of the hip and knee were observed across sessions. Outcome performance variables, such as success rate and response time, improved gradually across sessions, for each exercise. The level of participant interest also increased across sessions (p<0.001). All participants completed the program without experiencing any adverse effects.Substantial clinical and kinematic improvements were observed after applying a novel 3D ARS training program, suggesting that this system can enhance lower extremity function and facilitate assessments of lower extremity kinematic capacity.

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