Dr. Rachel  Bluebond-Langner  Md image

Dr. Rachel Bluebond-Langner Md

419 W Redwood St Suite 300
Baltimore MD 21201
410 282-2360
Medical School: Johns Hopkins University School Of Medicine - 2003
Accepts Medicare: No
Participates In eRX: No
Participates In PQRS: No
Participates In EHR: Yes
License #: D63573
NPI: 1902867393
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Diagnostic Radiology
Diagnostic Radiology
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Diagnostic Radiology
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Utility of indocyanine green fluorescence lymphography in identifying the source of persistent groin lymphorrhea. - Plastic and reconstructive surgery. Global open
Surgical manipulation of the groin can result in lymphatic injury in a significant number of patients leading to poor wound healing or infectious complications. Surgical repair of lymphatic injury is greatly aided by the precise and prompt intraoperative localization of the injured lymphatic vessels. We assessed and identified lymphatic leaks in 2 cases of surgical wound lymphorrhea occurring after instrumentation of the groin using laser-assisted indocyanine green lymphography paired with isosulfan blue injection. Both cases healed without complication, and no lymphatic leak recurrence was observed during postoperative follow-up. Laser-assisted indocyanine green lymphography is a useful adjunct in the management of lymphatic leaks after surgery of the groin and may have potential for prophylactic evaluation of high-risk groin wounds.
Novel technique for innervated abdominal wall vascularized composite allotransplantation: a separation of components approach. - Eplasty
Applications for Abdominal Wall Vascularized Composite Allotransplantation may expand if a functional graft with decreased immunosuppressive requirements can be designed. We hypothesize that it is anatomically feasible to prepare a functional, innervated, and vascularized abdominal composite graft using a multilayered component separation technique. Including vascularized bone in the graft design may decrease the immunosuppressive requirements by inducing immunologic chimerism.Two cadaver torsos were used. Adipocutaneous flaps were elevated from the midaxillary lines, preserving deep inferior epigastric artery perforators. A 2-layered component separation through the external and internal oblique fasciae was carried out, exposing segmental intercostal thoracolumbar nerves. Superiorly directed muscle release over the subcostal margin provided for a 3-rib segment with attached rectus abdominis muscle. The remainder of the full-thickness allograft was harvested with its vasculature. Flap inset into the recipient cadaver abdomen, with osteosynthesis fixation between donor and recipient ribs, was achieved.The harvested grafts had an average size of 845 ± 205 cm(2) with a total procurement time of 110 minutes. On one cadaver, 4 thoracolumbar nerves were isolated bilaterally, while the other cadaver yielded 3 nerves. The nerves were transected with an average length of 5.7 ± 1.2 cm. The graft vasculature was transected with a length of 4.40 ± 0.10 cm.Using the principles of component separation technique, we demonstrated a novel approach to harvest and transfer a neurotized osteomyofasciocutaneous abdominal wall allotransplant as a multipedicled, single functional unit.
Long-term vascular, motor, and sensory donor site outcomes after ulnar forearm flap harvest. - Journal of reconstructive microsurgery
Use of the ulnar forearm flap (UFF) is limited by concerns for ulnar nerve injury and impaired perfusion in the donor extremity. Twenty UFFs were performed over a 6-year period. All patients underwent postoperative bilateral upper extremity arterial duplex studies. A subset of postoperative patients (n = 10) also had bilateral upper extremity sensory and motor evaluations, and functional evaluation via the Quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (QuickDASH). Motor function was tested by digital and key grip dynamometry. Ulnar nerve sensation was tested by evaluation of one- and two-point perceived pressure thresholds and two-point discrimination using the Pressure-Specified Sensory Device (Sensory Management Services, LLC, Baltimore, MD). All UFFs were viable postoperatively. Mean follow-up was 28.8 months for vascular studies and 45.3 months for motor, sensory, and QuickDASH evaluations. Although mid and distal radial artery flow velocities were significantly higher in donor versus control extremities evaluated at less than 1 year postoperatively, there was no significant difference in extremities evaluated at later time points. Digital pressures, grip strength, key pinch strength, and ulnar sensation were equivalent between donor and control extremities. The mean QuickDASH score was 17.4 ± 23.8. The UFF can be harvested reliably and long-term follow-up shows no evidence of impaired vascular, motor, or sensory function in the donor extremity.Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.
A shift from the osteocutaneous fibula flap to the prelaminated osteomucosal fibula flap for maxillary reconstruction. - Plastic and reconstructive surgery
Reconstruction of the maxilla with the fibula free flap is a popular and well-described technique. The ideal intraoral lining would be mucosa, which is moist, thin, and non-hair-bearing. Prelamination of the fibula with buccal mucosa replaces like tissue with like tissue, obviates the need for a skin paddle, and facilitates placement of osseointegrated implants in a single stage. For central maxillary defects, the authors have shifted from using an osteocutaneous to a prelaminated free fibula flap. In this article, the authors report their experience using the prelaminated osteomucosal fibula for maxillary reconstruction.From 2003 to 2011, 24 patients underwent reconstruction of a central maxillary defect using a free fibula flap. The first 10 patients had osteoseptocutaneous flaps, and the other 14 patients had prelaminated flaps. Data collected included patient age, cause of defect, type and number of operations, complications at both the donor and recipient sites, and placement of osseointegrated implants.The majority of patients in the series (n = 21) had central maxillary defects caused by loss of the premaxilla during early repair of bilateral cleft lip-cleft palate. There was one flap failure in the nonprelaminated flap group and one in the prelaminated group. Repeated debulking to thin the skin paddle was required in all of the patients with osteocutaneous flaps.Prelamination delivers like tissue to the recipient site, obviates the need for debulking, and may reduce donor-site wound problems. To the authors' knowledge, this is the largest series of prelaminated fibulas for maxillary reconstruction in the literature.Therapeutic, IV.
Phalloplasty in complete aphallia and ambiguous genitalia. - Seminars in plastic surgery
The most common indications for phalloplasty in children include aphallia, micropenis/severe penile inadequacy, ambiguous genitalia, phallic inadequacy associated with epispadias/bladder exstrophy and female to male gender reassignment in adolescents. There are many surgical options for phalloplasty; both local pedicled tissue as well as free tissue transfer. The advantages of local tissue include a more concealed donor site, less complex operation and potentially faster recovery. However, pedicled options are generally less sensate, making placement of a penile prosthesis more risky and many children with bladder exstrophy have been previously operated upon making the blood supply for local pedicled flaps less reliable. This Here the authors discuss free tissue transfer, including the radial forearm, the anterolateral thigh, the scapula and latissimus, and the fibula free flaps, as well as local rotational flaps from the abdomen, groin, and thigh. The goal of reconstruction should be an aesthetic and functional (ability to penetrate) phallus, which provides tactile and erogenous sensation, and the ability to urinate standing. Ideally, the operation should be completed in one to two operations with minimal donor site morbidity. There are advantages and disadvantages of each of flap and thus the choice of donor site should be a combination of the patient's preference and surgeon's ability to produce a consistent result.
Occult carcinoma in 866 reduction mammaplasties: preserving the choice of lumpectomy. - Plastic and reconstructive surgery
Occult breast carcinoma is occasionally found in reduction mammaplasty specimens. Historically, these patients were treated with mastectomy because the exact location of the tumor was unknown. Currently, breast conservation is the treatment of choice in 50 to 85 percent of breast cancers. The authors present a technique of routine specimen marking that allows localization of the tumor and preservation of the choice of lumpectomy.This is a retrospective review of 866 patients who underwent reduction mammaplasty performed by a single surgeon between 1990 and 2009. Data were collected for patients who had occult cancer found in their specimens, including age, cancer risk factors, abnormality, nodal status, selected treatment, and survival status. Specimens were marked and oriented and then sent in separate bags to the pathologist.There were 10 cases of occult carcinoma among the 866 women (1.15 percent) who underwent reduction mammaplasty. Six cancers were found in patients undergoing reduction for symptomatic macromastia [n = 629 (0.95 percent)]. Four new cancers were found in the group of patients with a personal history of cancer [n = 237 (1.69 percent)]. All 10 patients had normal preoperative mammograms. Location, size, and margin status were easily identified and patients were offered the choice of lumpectomy or mastectomy.This article demonstrates that careful marking of reduction specimens in high-risk patients or in women older than 40 years allows the pathologist to orient, localize, and further section tissue for margin status. Communication among plastic surgeon, pathologist, oncologist, and radiation therapist preserves the choice of breast conserving therapy for early cancers.
Discussing adverse outcomes with patients and families. - Oral and maxillofacial surgery clinics of North America
Complications and undesired outcomes happen to some patients of virtually all physicians, at all stages in their careers. Bad outcomes can be a consequence of disease processes, the premorbid condition of the patient, or the errors that occur in the process of health care. These errors include, but are by no means confined to, surgeon error. Regardless of the reason for the bad outcome, the surgeon is obligated to discuss the event with the patient and the family. This article reviews the benefits, barriers, and legal implications of the discussion and describes the disclosure process.Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Secondary refinements of free perforator flaps for lower extremity reconstruction. - Plastic and reconstructive surgery
The aim of lower extremity reconstruction has focused on early wound coverage and functional recovery but rarely aesthetics. Free muscle flaps provide durable coverage; however, they require skin graft coverage and result in muscle atrophy limiting future revisions. Perforator-based flap reconstructions can be easily elevated to allow for both orthopedic and contouring procedures. The authors reviewed the role of secondary procedures in achieving improved functional and aesthetic results following perforator flap reconstruction of lower extremity defects.A retrospective review identified 70 patients treated at R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center with 73 free perforator flaps for coverage of lower extremity wounds from 2002 to 2009.Seventy patients were identified who underwent reconstruction with a perforator flap: 65 with anterolateral thigh flaps and five with superficial circumflex iliac artery flaps. Nineteen of these patients underwent 32 refinement procedures of the reconstructed limb. Fifteen refinements were performed with suction-assisted lipectomy, 21 with complex tissue rearrangement, including sharp debulking, and one with tissue expanders. Twenty-seven of the 70 patients underwent 40 orthopedic-related secondary procedures in which the free flap was elevated. The most common reasons for the orthopedic interventions were tibial nonunion requiring bone grafting (n = 17) and osteomyelitis (n = 11).Limb salvage remains the primary goal of lower extremity reconstruction. Following convalescence and functional recovery, however, appearance becomes increasingly important with regard to quality of life. Initial flap selection with free perforator flaps, meticulous inset, and secondary refinements provide superior functional and aesthetic outcomes.
The versatility of the anterolateral thigh flap. - Plastic and reconstructive surgery
In the last two decades, the anterolateral thigh flap has emerged as one of the most popular reconstructive options for multiple body sites. Based on a perforator flap harvest concept, the flap encompasses the advantages of versatility, pliability, and potential for composite tissue replacement. Although numerous anatomical variations exist, these are well-described, and flap safety remains uncompromised if certain anatomical boundaries are respected. Careful preoperative planning and identification of perforators remain the cornerstone of successful flap harvest. Once perforators are identified, variations in skin paddle design allow for multiple skin paddle configurations, central or eccentric orientations, and custom-made flaps tailored to fit almost any defect. A suprafascial dissection allows for "ultra-thin" flaps ideal for folding, tubing, or packing purposes. The versatility of the lateral circumflex femoral artery branches can be exploited to include muscle, iliac bone, tendon, fascia, or nerve in extended designs. The anterolateral thigh flap is currently the frontline choice for head and neck reconstruction, including intraoral, mandibular-maxillary, tongue, and facial defects, and is gaining popularity in abdominal and pelvis reconstruction. It can also be used as a pedicled flap in phallus or perineum reconstruction. More recently, the flap has proved to be extremely useful in skin resurfacing and even functional reconstruction in traumatic wounds. This review summarizes the anatomy, planning, flap harvest, donor morbidity, and clinical applications of the anterolateral thigh flap. An algorithm is proposed that facilitates a clear, problem-based approach for the use of this versatile reconstructive option.
Prolonged survival of composite facial allografts in non-human primates associated with posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder. - Transplantation
Composite tissue allotransplantation may have different immunosuppressive requirements and manifest different complications compared with solid organ transplantation. We developed a non-human primate facial composite tissue allotransplantation model to investigate strategies to achieve prolonged graft survival and immunologic responses unique to these allografts.Composite facial subunits consisting of skin, muscle, and bone were heterotopically transplanted to mixed lymphocyte reaction-mismatched Cynomolgus macaques. Tacrolimus monotherapy was administered via continuous intravenous infusion for 28 days then tapered to daily intramuscular doses.Five of the six animals treated with tacrolimus monotherapy demonstrated rejection-free graft survival up to 177 days (mean, 113 days). All animals with prolonged graft survival developed posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorders (PTLD). Three animals converted to rapamycin after 28 days of rejection of their allografts, but did not develop PTLD. Genotypic analysis of PTLD tumors demonstrated donor origin in three of the five analyzed by short-tandem repeats. Sustained alloantibodies were detected in rejecting grafts and absent in nonrejecting grafts.Tacrolimus monotherapy provided prolonged rejection-free survival of composite facial allografts in a non-human primate model but was associated with the development of a high frequency of donor-derived PTLD tumors. The transplantation of a large volume of vascularized bone marrow in composite tissue allografts may be a risk factor for PTLD development.

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