9601 Steilacoom Blvd Sw
Tacoma WA 98498
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License #: PY00001215
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Structure and function of eukaryotic Ribonuclease P RNA. - Molecular cell
Ribonuclease P (RNase P) is the ribonucleoprotein endonuclease that processes the 5' ends of precursor tRNAs. Bacterial and eukaryal RNase P RNAs had the same primordial ancestor; however, they were molded differently by evolution. RNase P RNAs of eukaryotes, in contrast to bacterial RNAs, are not catalytically active in vitro without proteins. By comparing the bacterial and eukaryal RNAs, we can begin to understand the transitions made between the RNA and protein-dominated worlds. We report, based on crosslinking studies, that eukaryal RNAs, although catalytically inactive alone, fold into functional forms and specifically bind tRNA even in the absence of proteins. Based on the crosslinking results and crystal structures of bacterial RNAs, we develop a tertiary structure model of the eukaryal RNase P RNA. The eukaryal RNA contains a core structure similar to the bacterial RNA but lacks specific features that in bacterial RNAs contribute to catalysis and global stability of tertiary structure.
RNase P: interface of the RNA and protein worlds. - Trends in biochemical sciences
Ribonuclease P (RNase P) is an endonuclease involved in processing tRNA. It contains both RNA and protein subunits and occurs in all three domains of life: namely, Archaea, Bacteria and Eukarya. The RNase P RNA subunits from bacteria and some archaea are catalytically active in vitro, whereas those from eukaryotes and most archaea require protein subunits for activity. RNase P has been characterized biochemically and genetically in several systems, and detailed structural information is emerging for both RNA and protein subunits from phylogenetically diverse organisms. In vitro reconstitution of activity is providing insight into the role of proteins in the RNase P holoenzyme. Together, these findings are beginning to impart an understanding of the coevolution of the RNA and protein worlds.
Structural implications of novel diversity in eucaryal RNase P RNA. - RNA (New York, N.Y.)
Previous eucaryotic RNase P RNA secondary structural models have been based on limited diversity, representing only two of the approximately 30 phylogenetic kingdoms of the domain Eucarya. To elucidate a more generally applicable structure, we used biochemical, bioinformatic, and molecular approaches to obtain RNase P RNA sequences from diverse organisms including representatives of six additional kingdoms of eucaryotes. Novel sequences were from acanthamoeba (Acathamoeba castellanii, Balamuthia mandrillaris, Filamoeba nolandi), animals (Caenorhabditis elegans, Drosophila melanogaster), alveolates (Theileria annulata, Babesia bovis), conosids (Dictyostelium discoideum, Physarum polycephalum), trichomonads (Trichomonas vaginalis), microsporidia (Encephalitozoon cuniculi), and diplomonads (Giardia intestinalis). An improved alignment of eucaryal RNase P RNA sequences was assembled and used for statistical and comparative structural analysis. The analysis identifies a conserved core structure of eucaryal RNase P RNA that has been maintained throughout evolution and indicates that covariation in size occurs between some structural elements of the RNA. Eucaryal RNase P RNA contains regions of highly variable length and structure reminiscent of expansion segments found in rRNA. The eucaryal RNA has been remodeled through evolution as a simplified version of the structure found in bacterial and archaeal RNase P RNAs.
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9601 Steilacoom Blvd Sw Tacoma, WA 98498
4 Lakeside Country Clb Sw
9601 Steilacoom Blvd Sw Western State Hospital
9601 Steilacoom Blvd Sw