Dr. Gregory  Brigola  Dc image

Dr. Gregory Brigola Dc

4626 S Clyde Morris Blvd Ste 1
Port Orange FL 32129
386 231-1300
Medical School: Other - Unknown
Accepts Medicare: No
Participates In eRX: No
Participates In PQRS: No
Participates In EHR: No
License #: CH10194
NPI: 1750685954
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Functional footprinting of regulatory DNA. - Nature methods
Regulatory regions harbor multiple transcription factor (TF) recognition sites; however, the contribution of individual sites to regulatory function remains challenging to define. We describe an approach that exploits the error-prone nature of genome editing-induced double-strand break repair to map functional elements within regulatory DNA at nucleotide resolution. We demonstrate the approach on a human erythroid enhancer, revealing single TF recognition sites that gate the majority of downstream regulatory function.
Antibacterial TAP-mimic electrospun polymer scaffold: effects on P. gingivalis-infected dentin biofilm. - Clinical oral investigations
This study sought to investigate, in vitro, the effects of a recently developed triple antibiotic paste (TAP)-mimic polymer nanofibrous scaffold against Porphyromonas gingivalis-infected dentin biofilm.Dentin specimens (4 × 4 × 1 mm(3)) were prepared from human canines. The specimens were sterilized, inoculated with P. gingivalis (ATCC 33277), and incubated for 1 week to allow for biofilm formation. Infected dentin specimens were exposed for 3 days to the following treatments: antibiotic-free polydioxanone scaffold (PDS, control), PDS + 25 wt% TAP [25 mg of each antibiotic (metronidazole, ciprofloxacin, and minocycline) per mL of the PDS polymer solution], or a saturated TAP-based solution (50 mg of each antibiotic per mL of saline solution). In order to serve as the negative control, infected dentin specimens were left untreated (bacteria only). To determine the antimicrobial efficacy of the TAP-mimic scaffold, a colony-forming unit (CFU) per milliliter (n = 10/group) measurement was performed. Furthermore, additional specimens (n = 2/group) were prepared to qualitatively study biofilm inhibition via scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Statistics were performed, and significance was set at the 5 % level.Both the TAP-mimic scaffold and the positive control (TAP solution) led to complete bacterial elimination, differing statistically (p < 0.05) from the negative control group (bacteria only). No statistical differences were observed for CFU per milliliter data between antibiotic-free scaffolds (2.7 log10 CFU/mL) and the negative control (5.9 log10 CFU/mL).The obtained data revealed significant antimicrobial properties of the novel PDS-based TAP-mimic scaffold against an established P. gingivalis-infected dentin biofilm.Collectively, the data suggest that the proposed nanofibrous scaffold might be used as an alternative to the advocated clinical gold standard (i.e., TAP) for intracanal disinfection prior to regenerative endodontics.
Interferometric Laser Cooling of Atomic Rubidium. - Physical review letters
We report the 1D cooling of ^{85}Rb atoms using a velocity-dependent optical force based upon Ramsey matter-wave interferometry. Using stimulated Raman transitions between ground hyperfine states, 12 cycles of the interferometer sequence cool a freely moving atom cloud from 21 to 3  μK. This pulsed analog of continuous-wave Doppler cooling is effective at temperatures down to the recoil limit; with augmentation pulses to increase the interferometer area, it should cool more quickly than conventional methods and be more suitable for species that lack a closed radiative transition.
Gravity and the Stability of the Higgs Vacuum. - Physical review letters
We discuss the effect of gravitational interactions on the lifetime of the Higgs vacuum where generic quantum gravity corrections are taken into account. Using a "thin-wall" approximation, we provide a proof of principle that small black holes can act as seeds for vacuum decay, spontaneously nucleating a new Higgs phase centered on the black hole with a lifetime measured in millions of Planck times rather than billions of years. The corresponding parameter space constraints are, however, extremely stringent; therefore, we also present numerical evidence suggesting that with thick walls, the parameter space may open up. Implications for collider black holes are discussed.
Genotype, B-vitamin status, and androgens affect space flight-induced ophthalmic changes. - FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Ophthalmic changes have occurred in a subset of astronauts on International Space Station missions. Visual deterioration is considered the greatest human health risk of space flight. Affected astronauts exhibit higher concentrations of 1-carbon metabolites (e.g., homocysteine) before flight. We hypothesized that genetic variations in 1-carbon metabolism genes contribute to susceptibility to ophthalmic changes in astronauts. We investigated 5 polymorphisms in the methionine synthase reductase (MTRR), methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR), serine hydroxymethyltransferase (SHMT), and cystathionine β-synthase (CBS) genes and their association with ophthalmic changes after flight in 49 astronauts. The number of G alleles of MTRR 66 and C alleles of SHMT1 1420 both contributed to the odds of visual disturbances. Preflight dehydroepiandrosterone was positively associated with cotton wool spots, and serum testosterone response during flight was associated with refractive change. Block regression showed that B-vitamin status and genetics were significant predictors of many of the ophthalmic outcomes that we observed. In one example, genetics trended toward improving (P = 0.10) and B-vitamin status significantly improved (P < 0.001) the predictive model for refractive change after flight. We document an association between MTRR 66 and SHMT1 1420 polymorphisms and spaceflight-induced vision changes. This line of research could lead to therapeutic options for both space travelers and terrestrial patients.-Zwart, S. R., Gregory, J. F., Zeisel, S. H., Gibson, C. R., Mader, T. H., Kinchen, J. M., Ueland, P. M., Ploutz-Snyder, R., Heer, M. A., Smith, S. M. Genotype, B-vitamin status, and androgens affect space flight-induced ophthalmic changes.© FASEB.
Discovery of oxathiapiprolin, a new oomycete fungicide that targets an oxysterol binding protein. - Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry
Oxathiapiprolin is the first member of a new class of piperidinyl thiazole isoxazoline fungicides with exceptional activity against plant diseases caused by oomycete pathogens. It acts via inhibition of a novel fungal target-an oxysterol binding protein-resulting in excellent preventative, curative and residual efficacy against key diseases of grapes, potatoes and vegetables. Oxathiapiprolin is being developed globally as DuPont™ Zorvec™ disease control with first registration and sales anticipated in 2015. The discovery, synthesis, optimization and biological efficacy are presented.Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Tension-Free Vaginal Tape Failure After Robotic Sacrocolpopexy and Tension-Free Vaginal Tape for Concomitant Prolapse and Stress Incontinence. - Female pelvic medicine & reconstructive surgery
Evidence of surgical cure with tension free vaginal tape (TVT) is robust for isolated stress urinary incontinence, but rigorous studies investigating combined prolapse and incontinence are lacking. Our study measured cure of stress incontinence in concomitant robotic sacrocolpopexy and retropubic sling (TVT). We hypothesized a higher rate of objective failure as measured by the cough stress test (CST) compared to failures reported in recent randomized trials of TVT in patients without prolapse (aggregate 8% failure).Prospective cohort of patients with stress incontinence and prolapse, scheduled for robotic sacrocolpopexy and TVT. Outcomes assessed at 12 months: CST (primary aim), Patient Global Impression of Improvement (PGI-I), Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory, and the Sandvik questionnaire.Sixty-six of 77 subjects (86%) completed follow-up. Average age was 65 years, 96% were white, with mean body mass index of 28.1 kg/m. Mean parity was 2.7, 50% had a previous hysterectomy. Mean leading edge of prolapse was +2.3 cm. All patients underwent the planned surgery; additionally, 50% underwent hysterectomy and 38% posterior colporrhaphy.The TVT failure (+CST) was 19.7% (95% confidence interval, 11.3%-31.7%; P < 0.001 compared to 8%). Neither preoperative disease severity, nor preoperative prolapse stage affected risk of failure of TVT. Eighty-three percent of the subjects were happy or very happy (PGI-I). However, those with a positive CST (failure) had significantly less satisfaction on PGI-I, UDI-6, and Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory-20.In this population with advanced prolapse, cure of stress urinary incontinence by TVT in setting of robotic sacrocolpopexy is lower compared to published trials where prolapse is absent. Women are less satisfied when the postoperative CST is positive.
Palatal fistula risk after primary palatoplasty: a retrospective comparison of humanitarian operations and tertiary hospitals. - Lancet (London, England)
Humanitarian surgical organisations provide cleft palate repair for patients without access to surgical care. Despite decades of experience, very little research has assessed the outcomes of these trips. This study investigates the fistula rate in patients from two cohorts in rural China and one in the USA.This retrospective study compared the odds of fistula presentation among three cohorts whose palates were repaired between April, 2005, and November, 2009. The primary cohort included 97 Chinese patients operated on in China by surgeons from ReSurge International. A second Chinese cohort of 250 patients was operated on at Huaxi University Hospital by Chinese surgeons. The third cohort of 120 patients from the University of California San Francisco (UCSF) was included for comparison over the same time period; data was taken from medical records. Age, fistula presentation, and Veau Class were compared between the three cohorts with χ(2) tests. Logistic regression was used to analyse predictors of fistula presentation among the three cohorts. This study received institutional review board approval from the UCSF, the Harvard School of Public Health, and physicians at Huaxi University Hospital, and written consent was obtained from study participants in China.The fistula risk was 35·4% in ReSurge patients, 12·8% for patients at Huaxi University Hospital, and 2·5% for patients at UCSF (p<0·001). At the time of surgery 15·5% of the ReSurge patients were younger than 2 years old, whereas 90·8% of the UCSF children and 41·6% of the Huaxi children were (p<0·001). In the ReSurge cohort, 20·6% of patients had a Veau class of I or II, wheras 40·8% and 58·9% of UCSF and Huaxi patients, respectively, were in class I or II (p<0·001). Age and Veau Class were associated with fistula formation in a univariate analysis. (Veau Class III or IV vs I or II, odds ratio [OR] 6·399 [95% CI 3·182-12·871]; age, OR 1·071 [95% CI 1·024-1·122]). A multivariate model controlling for the surgical group, age at palatoplasty, and sex showed an association between Veau Class and the odds of fistula presentation (Class III or IV vs I or II, OR 5·630 [95% CI 2·677-11·837). In this model, UCSF patients and Huaxi patients had 0·064 and 0·451 times the odds of developing a fistula, respectively, compared with ReSurge patients (p<0·001 both).Chinese children undergoing palatoplasty on surgical missions have higher post-operative odds of palatal fistula than do children treated by local physicians. Children in low-resource settings have higher complication rates than do children in high-resource settings. Older age at palatoplasty and a Veau class III and IV are associated with post-palatoplasty fistula. Furthermore demographic, socioeconomic, and cultural differences could play a part in palatoplasty fistula outcomes between these three populations. More research is needed to determine the effects of post-operative care, the skill of the providers, and the technique used in the surgery that play a role on fistula outcomes after primary palatoplasty, particularly in low-resource environments.None.Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Long term exposure to antiangiogenic therapy, bevacizumab, induces osteonecrosis. - Investigational new drugs
Purpose Bevacizumab, a monoclonal VEGF-A antibody, has been identified as an aetiology of osteonecrosis of the femoral head. Long exposure to anti VEGF therapy induced chronic hypoperfusion of normal tissues. Osteonecrosis is a musculo-skeletal disease secondary to cellular death of bone component mainly induced by corticosteroids, alcohol use, or connective tissue disorders. Methods The medical records of patients with metastatic colorectal carcinoma receiving Bevacizumab between January 2006 and November 2013 were retrospectively reviewed and we had looked for osteonecrosis. Every disorder of musculoskeletal mobility were examined by orthopaedist and evaluated by imaging. Results We report on osteonecrosis of humeral and femoral head in patient with metastatic colon adenocarcinoma receiving a long-term exposure to anti angiogenic based treatment (>6 months), lack of other factors predisposing to osteonecrosis. These observations, according to literature, suggests that long exposure to anti VEGF-A, Bevacizumab, promote bone hypoperfusion and may induced osteonecrosis either on the femoral head or the humeral head with an incidence of 4 out of 1000 patients. Conclusions With an incidence of 4 out of 1000 patients osteonecrosis is a rare side effect of anti-angiogenic agent. With the increasing utilisation and duration of exposure of anti-VEGF therapy some rare side effect due to chronic ischemia may appear. The clinician should be aware about uncommon symptoms.
The stability and change of etiological influences on depression, anxiety symptoms and their co-occurrence across adolescence and young adulthood. - Psychological medicine
Depression and anxiety persist within and across diagnostic boundaries. The manner in which common v. disorder-specific genetic and environmental influences operate across development to maintain internalizing disorders and their co-morbidity is unclear. This paper investigates the stability and change of etiological influences on depression, panic, generalized, separation and social anxiety symptoms, and their co-occurrence, across adolescence and young adulthood.A total of 2619 twins/siblings prospectively reported symptoms of depression and anxiety at mean ages 15, 17 and 20 years.Each symptom scale showed a similar pattern of moderate continuity across development, largely underpinned by genetic stability. New genetic influences contributing to change in the developmental course of the symptoms emerged at each time point. All symptom scales correlated moderately with one another over time. Genetic influences, both stable and time-specific, overlapped considerably between the scales. Non-shared environmental influences were largely time- and symptom-specific, but some contributed moderately to the stability of depression and anxiety symptom scales. These stable, longitudinal environmental influences were highly correlated between the symptoms.The results highlight both stable and dynamic etiology of depression and anxiety symptom scales. They provide preliminary evidence that stable as well as newly emerging genes contribute to the co-morbidity between depression and anxiety across adolescence and young adulthood. Conversely, environmental influences are largely time-specific and contribute to change in symptoms over time. The results inform molecular genetics research and transdiagnostic treatment and prevention approaches.

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