130 La Casa Via Bldg 3 Suite 112
Walnut Creek CA 94598
Medical School: Other - 1997
Accepts Medicare: Yes
Participates In eRX: No
Participates In PQRS: No
Participates In EHR: No
License #: A74362
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*These referrals represent the top 10 that Dr. Friedman has made to other doctors
Screening for germline mutations in breast/ovarian cancer susceptibility genes in high-risk families in Israel. - Breast cancer research and treatment
We evaluated the clinical utility of screening for mutations in 34 breast/ovarian cancer susceptibility genes in high-risk families in Israel. Participants were recruited from 12, 2012 to 6, 2015 from 8 medical centers. All participants had high breast/ovarian cancer risk based on personal and family history. Genotyping was performed with the InVitaeâ„¢ platform. The study was approved by the ethics committees of the participating centers; all participants gave a written informed consent before entering the study. Overall, 282 individuals participated in the study: 149 (53Â %) of Ashkenazi descent, 80 (28Â %) Jewish non-Ashkenazi descent, 22 (8Â %) of mixed Ashkenazi/non-Ashkenazi origin, 21 (7Â %) were non-Jewish Caucasians, and the remaining patients (nÂ =Â 10-3.5Â %) were of Christian Arabs/Druze/unknown ethnicity. For breast cancer patients (nÂ =Â 165), the median (range) age at diagnosis was 46 (22-90) years and for ovarian cancer (nÂ =Â 15) 54 (38-69) years. Overall, 30 cases (10.6Â %) were found to carry a pathogenic actionable mutation in the tested genes: 10 BRCA1 (3 non-founder mutations), 9 BRCA2 (8 non-founder mutations), and one each in the RAD51C and CHEK2 genes. Furthermore, actionable mutations were detected in 9 more cases in 4 additional genes (MSH2, RET, MSH6, and APC). No pathogenic mutations were detected in the other genotyped genes. In this high-risk population, 10.6Â % harbored an actionable pathogenic mutation, including non-founder mutations in BRCA1/2 and in additional cancer susceptibility genes, suggesting that high-risk families should be genotyped and be assigned a genotype-based cancer risk.
Chromosomal aberrations and gene expression profiles in non-small cell lung cancer. - Lung cancer (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
Alterations in genomic content and changes in gene expression levels are central characteristics of tumors and pivotal to the tumorigenic process. We analyzed 23 non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tumors by array comparative genomic hybridization (array CGH). Aberrant regions identified included well-characterized chromosomal aberrations such as amplifications of 3q and 8q and deletions of 3p21.31. Less frequently identified aberrations such as amplifications of 7q22.3-31.31 and 12p11.23-13.2, and previously unidentified aberrations such as deletion of 11q12.3-13.3 were also detected. To enhance our ability to identify key acting genes residing in these regions, we combined array CGH results with gene expression profiling performed on the same tumor samples. We identified a set of genes with concordant changes in DNA copy number and expression levels, i.e. overexpressed genes located in amplified regions and underexpressed genes located in deleted regions. This set included members of the Wnt/beta-catenin pathway, genes involved in DNA replication, and matrix metalloproteases (MMPs). Functional enrichment analysis of the genes both overexpressed and amplified revealed a significant enrichment for DNA replication and repair, and extracellular matrix component gene ontology annotations. We verified the changes in expressions of MCM2, MCM6, RUVBL1, MMP1, MMP12 by real-time quantitative PCR. Our results provide a high resolution map of copy number changes in non-small cell lung cancer. The joint analysis of array CGH and gene expression analysis highlights genes with concordant changes in expression and copy number that may be critical to lung cancer development and progression.
Genetic analyses of non-small cell lung cancer in Jewish Israeli patients. - The Israel Medical Association journal : IMAJ
The contribution of the abnormal DNA mismatch repair system to non-small cell lung cancer tumorigenesis is controversial and has not been reported in Jewish Israeli patients. Similarly, the involvement of 3p deletions in NSCLC in the same population has not been assessed.To assess the contribution of the DNA-MMR system to NSCLC pathogenesis by analyzing microsatellite instability, and evaluate loss of heterozygosity at 3p rates in Israeli NSCLC patients.Paired DNA from tumorous and non-tumorous tissue was extracted, and genotyping for MSI determination was carded out using the five Bethesda markers and for determining LOH two 3p markers were used. Genotyping was performed using polymerase chain reaction amplification and size separation on an ABI semiautomatic DNA sequencer, and the allelic patterns of tumorous and non-tumorous tissue were compared.Forty-four NSCLCs from 35 smokers and 9 non-smokers were analyzed, with 26 of the 44 (59%) at stage I disease. Using five microsatellite markers (D17S250, D5S346, D2S123, BAT-25, BAT-26) (known as Bethesda markers) for MSI determination, 6 of the 44 tumors (13.6%) exhibited MSI in at least one marker. Similarly, genotyping for LOH at chromosome 3p was performed using two markers (D3S4103, D3S1234) located at 3p14.2 I. With D3S4103, 33 of the 44 patients successfully analyzed were homozygous and therefore non-informative with respect to LOH. Using D3S1234, 33 of 36 patients (91.7%) were heterozygous, and 23 of these individuals' tumors (69.7%) displayed LOH. Unexpectedly, 4 of 33 tumors (12.1%) genotyped by D3S4103, and 16 of 36 tumors (44.5%) genotyped by D3S1234 showed a pattern of MSI, even though only one of these tumors showed a similar pattern when genotyped with the five consensus markers. Overall, 23 of 44 tumors (52.3%) demonstrated MSI on at least one marker, and 5 of these 23 tumors (21.7%) had MSI on two or more markers.MSI using 3p markers and not the Bethesda markers occurs at a high rate and in early stages in Jewish NSCLC patients.
Mutational analysis of the hMSH6 gene in familial and early-onset colorectal and endometrial cancer in Israeli patients. - Genetic testing
Familial colorectal cancer (CRC) is noted in about 15% of incident CRC cases, and at times is hallmarked by an age at diagnosis less than 50 years. Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) and hereditary non-polyposis colon cancer (HNPCC) account for about 40% of familial cases. Thus, the majority of familial and early-onset CRC remain genetically elusive. Similarly, the majority of familial and early onset endometrial cancer (EC), the most prevalent extracolonic tumor in HNPCC, are genetically undefined. An attractive candidate is the hMSH6 gene. Israeli patients with early onset (age under 50 years) (n = 44) and familial nonsyndromic (n = 23) CRC, and women with familial clustering of EC or CRC (n = 12), and those diagnosed with EC at, or under, the age of 50 years (n = 5) were genotyped for germ-line mutations within the hMSH6 gene. Exon-specific PCR was followed by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) analysis, complemented by DNA sequencing of abnormally migrating fragments. No patients displayed a truncating mutation, and 1 CRC patient harbored a novel missense mutation (V878A). In addition, 6 previously described polymorphisms were detected. In conclusion, mutations in the hMSH6 gene occur uncommonly in Israeli patients with familial and early-onset CRC and EC.
The polymorphic CAG repeat in the androgen receptor gene in Jewish Israeli women with endometrial carcinoma. - Cancer
Endometrial carcinoma is considered a hormonal-dependent tumor; estrogen induces endometrial cellular proliferation, whereas progestins display an antiproliferative effect on endometrial tissue. The role that androgen and its receptor (androgen receptor [AR]) play in the pathogenesis of endometrial carcinoma is less clear. Although androgen has an in vitro inhibitory effect on endometrial cell proliferation, up to 75% of endometrial carcinoma express AR somatically. A polymorphic CAG repeat within exon 1 of the AR encodes for a polyglutamine tract, with length range of 8 to 33 repeats, which is inversely correlated with the transcriptional activity of the AR.To gain insight into the role of AR in endometrial carcinoma, the authors analyzed the polymorphic CAG repeat in 79 Jewish Israeli patients with endometrial carcinoma as compared with 44 healthy Jewish women serving as controls. Analysis was conducted using germline DNA as template and using polymerase chain reaction primers flanking the CAG repeat with subsequent fluorescent determination of allele sizes.Allele size range of the longer of the two alleles in the patients was 11-33 (mean, 19.8 +/- 2.7) and in the controls 10-22 (mean, 17.9 +/- 1.9), a statistically significant difference (P < 0.01). Allele size variation within the patient group did not correlate with disease stage, grade, reproductive history, or age at diagnosis.The authors conclude that AR-CAG repeat length differs in Jewish patients with endometrial carcinoma as compared with healthy individuals in Israel, and this finding increases the possibility that the AR is involved in the predisposition to this neoplasm.Copyright 2001 American Cancer Society.
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130 La Casa Via Bldg 3 Suite 112 Walnut Creek, CA 94598
365 Lennon Ln Ste 290
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