1000 Johnson Ferry Rd Ne
Atlanta GA 30342
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A rare case of primary extranodal marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of the ovary, fallopian tube, and appendix in the setting of endometriosis. - American journal of obstetrics and gynecology
Extranodal marginal zone B-cell lymphomas are uncommon. Most occur in the gastrointestinal tract. Marginal zone B-cell lymphomas of the female genital tract are rare, and few cases exist of marginal zone B-cell lymphomas of the uterus, cervix, and fallopian tubes. We report the first marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of the ovary, fallopian tube, and appendix arising in endometriosis.Copyright Â© 2013 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
An uncommon case of de novo CD10+ CD5- mantle cell lymphoma mimics follicle center B cell lymphoma. - International journal of clinical and experimental pathology
Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is a mature B-cell lymphoma characterized by expression of CD5, overexpression of Cyclin D1 as a result of chromosomal translocation t(11;14)(q13;q32), and poor prognosis. Cases of MCL lacking CD5 expression as well as cases with coexpression of CD5 and CD10 have also been reported. Here we describe an uncommon case of de novo MCL with expression of CD10, but not CD5, mimicking lymphoma of germinal center-derived B cells. The lymphoma cells in this case demonstrated a diffuse pattern of proliferation, and were strongly positive for Cyclin D1 by immunohistochemical stain. Fluorescence in situ hybridization studies demonstrated the presence of t(11;14)(q13;q32) involving BCL1, but not chromosomal translocations involving C-MYC or BCL2, confirming the diagnosis of MCL. This case further highlights the importance of comprehensive immunophenotypic and genetic characterization in the diagnosis and classification of B-cell lymphomas.
Immunohistochemical expression of SMAD4, CK19, and CA19-9 in fine needle aspiration samples of pancreatic adenocarcinoma: Utility and potential role. - CytoJournal
Pancreatic adenocarcinoma comprises 85% of all cases of pancreatic malignancies. From a diagnostic standpoint, these tumors are readily diagnosed by fine needle aspiration, with an accuracy of greater than 90%; however it is often difficult to ascertain whether these are primary or metastatic in nature. This study was undertaken to see the usefulness of CK19, CA19-9 and a newly described marker, SMAD4 in confirming the pancreatic origin of these tumors. Briefly, SMAD4 (DPC4) is a tumor-suppressor gene located on chromosome 18q which has been shown to mediate the downstream effects of TGF-beta superfamily signaling, resulting in growth inhibition. The loss of SMAD4, which as been reported to occur in 55% of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas may lead to up regulation of cell cycle proteins and hence increase cellular proliferation. In addition, SMAD4 has been suggested to possibly have prognostic potential, with the presence of SMAD4, indicating shorter survival after resection.Clinical data was reviewed to identify patients with proven, primary pancreatic adenocarcinoma. A total of 25 patients with diagnostic material from fine needle aspiration cell blocks, were retrieved from our files at Emory University Hospital. In addition cell blocks from clinically diagnosed non-pancreatic adenocarcinomas were also selected as controls for this study (10 cases of colonic adenocarcinoma, 10 cases of pulmonary adenocarcinoma, 10 cases of breast ductal carcinoma and 10 cases of ovarian mucinous adenocarcinoma). Formalin fixed, paraffin-embedded sections from these were stained with SMAD4, CK19, and CA19-9, using pressure cooker antigen retrieval, labeled polymer HRP (DAKO), and the DAKO autostainer.Immunohistochemical staining was reviewed based on intensity (negative, low-positive, and high-positive) and percentage of cells. In primary pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, CK 19 showed diffuse cytoplasmic positivity in 23 of 25 cases, CA 19-9 showed apical cytoplasmic staining in all 25 cases, and SMAD4 showed nuclear staining in 20 of 25 cases. In the control group comprising of non-pancreatic adenocarcinoma SMAD4 was negative (100%) in all 10 cases of colonic and pulmonary adenocarcinoma. However 1 of 10 cases (10%) of breast and ovarian adenocarcinoma did show low positivity nuclear staining. However the expression of CA19-9 and CK19 was more variable in these different non-pancreatic malignancies.Pancreatic adenocarcinoma showed positive immunohistochemical staining for SMAD4 in 80%, CK19 in 100% and CA19-9 in 100% of the selected cases. These markers, when used as a panel, may confirm the diagnosis of pancreatic adenocarcinoma in fine needle aspiration samples, and help in differentiating from metastatic adenocarcinoma. This may help in determination of appropriate surgical and chemotherapeutic options.
Utility of reflex Gomori methenamine silver staining for Pneumocystis jirovecii on bronchoalveolar lavage cytologic specimens: a review. - Diagnostic cytopathology
Pneumocystis jiroveci (Pj; formerly Pneumocystis carinii) is an opportunistic pathogen causing life-threatening pneumonia (Pneumocystis pneumonia) in immunosuppressed individuals. Its diagnosis is dependent on identification in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) specimens. Gomori's methenamine silver nitrate (GMS) stain has been advocated to highlight the organisms in BAL specimens. This study was performed to determine the utility of reflex GMS staining on all BAL specimens for identifying Pj.All BAL specimens from years 2000 to 2004 were processed as cytospins and stained with Papanicolaou (Pap) and GMS stains. A total of 2,984 BAL specimens were identified. A total of 116 (3.9% of total BAL) BAL specimens were diagnostic of Pj. The diagnostic specimens were grouped as follows: 103 (88.8% of total positive cases) Pj identified with both Pap and GMS staining; 11 (9.5% of total positive cases) Pj identified only with Pap staining; and 2 (1.7% of total positive cases) Pj identified only with GMS staining. In conclusion, the prevalence of Pj in BAL specimens is 3.9%, which can be attributed to improved management of immunocompromised patients. Performing reflex GMS staining on all BAL specimens does not improve the diagnostic identification of Pj since the majority (98.3%) of diagnoses can be rendered on Pap stained slides. A cost analysis for GMS staining on 2,879 GMS-negative BAL specimens was estimated at $143,950. Thus, from diagnostic and cost benefit perspectives, GMS staining can be recommended only on cases where Pap stain is negative, and the clinical presentation is consistent with Pneumocystis pneumonia.(c) 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
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1000 Johnson Ferry Rd Ne Atlanta, GA 30342
5505 Peachtree Dunwoody Rd Ste 640
5665 Peachtree Dunwoody Rd Ne St Josephs Hospital Of Atlanta
993-D Johnson Ferry Rd Ne Suite 440