Dr. Santi  Rukvidtayasas  Md image

Dr. Santi Rukvidtayasas Md

7047 North Ave
Oak Park IL 60302
708 830-0300
Medical School: Other - Unknown
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License #: 036-050639
NPI: 1538297874
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A Phase II Randomized Study of Lapatinib Combined With Capecitabine, Vinorelbine, or Gemcitabine in Patients With HER2-Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer With Progression After a Taxane (Latin American Cooperative Oncology Group 0801 Study). - Clinical breast cancer
Novel targeted agents and combinations have become available in multiple lines of treatment for human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-positive (HER2(+)) metastatic breast cancer (MBC). In this context, alternatives to the lapatinib (L) and capecitabine (C) regimen, evaluating L combined with other cytotoxic drugs, are warranted.In the present phase II, multicenter study, patients with HER2(+) MBC with progression after taxane were randomized between L, 1250 mg, combined with C, 2000 mg/m(2) on days 1 to 14 (LC), vinorelbine (V), 25 mg/m(2) on days 1 and 8 (LV), or gemcitabine (G), 1000 mg/m(2) on days 1 and 8 (LG), every 21 days. The primary endpoint was the overall response rate.A total of 142 patients were included from 2009 to 2012. No differences were found in the patient baseline characteristics. The median age was 51 years, 69% were postmenopausal, 32% had liver metastasis, 57% were hormone receptor negative, and 48% had been previously treated with trastuzumab. The overall response rate was 49% (95% confidence interval [CI], 34.8%-63.4%), 56% (95% CI, 40%-70.4%), and 41% (95% CI, 27%-56.8%) in the LC, LV, and LG groups, respectively. The median progression-free survival was 9 months in the LC arm and 7 months in the other 2 arms (P = .28). The most common grade 3 and 4 adverse events were hand-foot syndrome (18%), diarrhea (6%), and increased alanine aminotransferase/aspartate aminotransferase (4%) in the LC arm; neutropenia (36%), diarrhea (9%), and febrile neutropenia (6%) in the LV arm; and neutropenia (47%), alanine aminotransferase/aspartate aminotransferase (13%), and rash (4%) in the LG arm.LV and LG seem to be active combinations in patients with HER2(+) MBC after taxane failure. The overall toxicity was manageable in all regimens.Copyright © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Loss of heterozygosis on chromosome 18q21-23 and muscle-invasive bladder cancer natural history. - Oncology letters
Loss of heterozygosis (LOH) on chromosome (Chr) 18q21-23 was reported to be one of the most common genetic alterations identified in bladder cancer. The current study aimed to determine the prognostic role of LOH on Chr 18q21-23 in patients diagnosed with muscle-invasive urothelial bladder carcinoma (MIBC). A total of 34 consecutive patients were enrolled in the present prospective study. LOH on Chr 18 was assessed by performing multiplex polymerase chain reaction on paired blood and tumour tissue samples from each patient. The following primers were used in the present study: D18S51, MBP LW and MBP H. These data were then compared with follow-up information. The main outcome measure was patient status at the end of the follow-up. Cox regression was used to evaluate the impact of each parameter on cancer-specific survival and the Kaplan Meier test for disease-free survival was plotted in order to estimate survival. Out of 34 patients, 18 (52.9%) exhibited ≥1 alteration in one of the loci analysed on chromosome 18, while 16 (47.1%) revealed no alterations. No correlation was identified with stage (P=0.18) or grade (P=0.06); however, LOH on Chr 18q21-23 was significantly associated with a lower recurrence-free probability (P<0.0001). Kaplan-Meier curves demonstrated a significant association between patient status at follow-up and LOH on Chr 18 (P<0.001). In addition, multivariate analysis identified LOH on Chr 18 (P<0.001) and stage (P=0.01) as independent survival predictors. Furthermore, artificial neural network analysis was consistent with the results of the multivariate analysis. In conclusion, the present study highlighted the role of LOH on Chr 18q21-23 in predicting the clinical outcome of patients with MIBC.
Design and Synthesis of DiselenoBisBenzamides (DISeBAs) as Nucleocapsid Protein 7 (NCp7) Inhibitors with anti-HIV Activity. - Journal of medicinal chemistry
The interest in the synthesis of Se-containing compounds is growing with the discovery of derivatives exhibiting various biological activities. In this manuscript, we have identified a series of 2,2'-diselenobisbenzamides (DISeBAs) as novel HIV retroviral nucleocapsid protein 7 (NCp7) inhibitors. Due to its pleiotropic functions in the whole viral life cycle and its mutation intolerant nature, NCp7 represents a target of great interest which is not reached by any anti-HIV agent in clinical use. Using the diselenobisbenzoic scaffold, aminoacid and benzenesulfonamide derivatives were prepared and biologically profiled against different models of HIV infection. The incorporation of amino acids such as glycine and glutamate into DISeBAs 7 and 8 resulted into a selective anti-HIV activity against both acutely and chronically infected cells, as well as into an interesting virucidal effect. DISeBAs demonstrated broad antiretroviral activity, encompassing HIV-1 drug-resistant strains including clinical isolates, as well as simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV). Time of addition experiments, along with the observed dose dependent inhibition of the Gag precursor proper processing, confirmed that their mechanism of action is based on NCp7 inhibition.
Nipple sparing mastectomy: Surgical and oncological outcomes from a national multicentric registry with 913 patients (1006 cases) over a six year period. - Breast (Edinburgh, Scotland)
Nipple sparing mastectomy is deemed surgically and oncologically safe based on a long lasting literature data from reviews of single institution series. This study aims at evaluating surgical and oncological outcomes of NSM on a large multi-institutional scale, by means of the Italian National registry.In July 2011 a panel of Italian specialists agreed upon and designed a National database of NSM. Centers with at least 150 cancers per year and following the National follow-up schedule guidelines could participate inserting any NSM case performed, retrospectively and prospectively from that moment on. In March 2015 analysis of data was accomplished. Dataset for this study consists of cases performed in the period between January 1st 2009 and December 31st 2014.913 Women were included in the analysis, for a total of 1006 procedures. Prophylactic mastectomies were 124 (12.3%). MRI utilization increased over time. NSM failure rate, with NAC removal for any reason was 11.5%. NAC necrosis rate was 4.8%. Larger skin-flap necrosis rate was 2.3%. Major surgical complications rate was 4.4%. Oncological outcomes were calculated among primitive EBC cases only: locoregional recurrences rate was 2.9%, NAC recurrence 0.7%. Systemic recurrence rate was 1.0%. Five deaths (0.7%) were registered.More than 10% of NSM procedures are prophylactic mastectomies. MRI is gaining more importance over time. Surgical and oncological results show that NSM is effective. This National multicentric analysis enables a comparison of results with no geographical differences and a "safe" state of the art of NSM in Italy.Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Adjuvant treatment delay in breast cancer patients. - Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira (1992)
to evaluate if time between surgery and the first adjuvant treatment (chemotherapy, radiotherapy or hormone therapy) in patients with breast cancer is a risk factor for lower overall survival (OS).data from a five-year retrospective cohort study of all women diagnosed with invasive breast cancer at an academic oncology service were collected and analyzed.three hundred forty-eight consecutive women were included. Time between surgery and the first adjuvant treatment was a risk factor for shorter overall survival (HR=1.3, 95CI 1.06-1.71, p=0.015), along with negative estrogen receptor, the presence of lymphovascular invasion and greater tumor size. A delay longer than 4 months between surgery and the first adjuvant treatment was also associated with shorter overall survival (cumulative survival of 80.9% for delays ≤ 4 months vs. 72.6% for delays > 4 months; p=0.041, log rank test).each month of delay between surgery and the first adjuvant treatment in women with invasive breast cancer increases the risk of death in 1.3-fold, and this effect is independent of all other well-established risk factors. Based on these results, we recommend further public strategies to decrease this interval.
Tevatron Combination of Single-Top-Quark Cross Sections and Determination of the Magnitude of the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa Matrix Element V_{tb}. - Physical review letters
We present the final combination of CDF and D0 measurements of cross sections for single-top-quark production in proton-antiproton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 1.96 TeV. The data correspond to total integrated luminosities of up to 9.7  fb^{-1} per experiment. The t-channel cross section is measured to be σ_{t}=2.25_{-0.31}^{+0.29}  pb. We also present the combinations of the two-dimensional measurements of the s- vs t-channel cross section. In addition, we give the combination of the s+t channel cross section measurement resulting in σ_{s+t}=3.30_{-0.40}^{+0.52}  pb, without assuming the standard model value for the ratio σ_{s}/σ_{t}. The resulting value of the magnitude of the top-to-bottom quark coupling is |V_{tb}|=1.02_{-0.05}^{+0.06}, corresponding to |V_{tb}|>0.92 at the 95% C.L.
Early modern human dispersal from Africa: genomic evidence for multiple waves of migration. - Investigative genetics
Anthropological and genetic data agree in indicating the African continent as the main place of origin for anatomically modern humans. However, it is unclear whether early modern humans left Africa through a single, major process, dispersing simultaneously over Asia and Europe, or in two main waves, first through the Arab Peninsula into southern Asia and Oceania, and later through a northern route crossing the Levant.Here, we show that accurate genomic estimates of the divergence times between European and African populations are more recent than those between Australo-Melanesia and Africa and incompatible with the effects of a single dispersal. This difference cannot possibly be accounted for by the effects of either hybridization with archaic human forms in Australo-Melanesia or back migration from Europe into Africa. Furthermore, in several populations of Asia we found evidence for relatively recent genetic admixture events, which could have obscured the signatures of the earliest processes.We conclude that the hypothesis of a single major human dispersal from Africa appears hardly compatible with the observed historical and geographical patterns of genome diversity and that Australo-Melanesian populations seem still to retain a genomic signature of a more ancient divergence from Africa.
Development of a biomaterial associated with mesenchymal stem cells and keratinocytes for use as a skin substitute. - Regenerative medicine
The present study has aimed to produce a cutaneous substitute, bringing together stem cells (mesenchymal stem cells) and keratinocytes, and an electrospun biomaterial.Three groups of scaffolds were studied: group 1, poly-dl-lactic acid (PDLLA); group 2, hydrolyzed PDLLA (PDLLA/NaOH) and group 3, PDLLA/Lam - a PDLLA/NaOH scaffold linked to laminin protein. They were characterized by physicochemical and biological parameters.As a result, the scaffolds presented well-formed and randomly distributed fibers. Group 3 showed the greatest hydrophilic characteristics. Group 1 showed a greater degradation rate after 14 days. groups 2 and 3 presented molecular weight of about 40-50 Da. In general, group 3 showed the best results concerning cell adhesion and viability.This study associated two revolutionary fields, stem cells and nanotechnology, for use in regenerative medicine.
Interleukin-6 as a potential positive modulator of human beta-cell function: an exploratory analysis-the Verona Newly Diagnosed Type 2 Diabetes Study (VNDS) 6. - Acta diabetologica
Recent studies in mouse models of T2D showed that interleukin-6 (IL-6), released from skeletal muscle, is associated with increased glucose-dependent insulin secretion. Few data currently exist exploring the relationship between IL-6 and beta-cell function in humans. We investigated whether IL-6 is positively associated with beta-cell function in newly diagnosed T2D. We extended the same analyses to IL-10, because it regulated similarly to IL-6 in skeletal muscle, and TNF-α and C-reactive protein (CRP), as general biomarkers of inflammation.In 330 VNDS participants, we assessed (1) basal plasma concentrations of IL-6, IL-10, TNF-α, and CRP; (2) beta-cell function, estimated by OGTT minimal modeling and expressed as derivative (DC) and proportional control (PC); (3) insulin sensitivity, by euglycemic insulin clamp.IL-6 was positively associated with PC in both univariate analysis (p = 0.04) and after adjustment for age, sex, BMI, HbA1c, and M-clamp (p = 0.01). HbA1c was the major independent contributor to the overall variance of PC (16 %), followed by BMI and IL-6 (~2 % each). Similar results were obtained for IL-10 (p = 0.048, univariate; p = 0.04, fully adjusted). TNF-α and CRP were not significantly associated with any component of beta-cell function.Our data are the first evidence in human subjects that an endocrine loop involving IL-6 may act as positive modulator of glucose-dependent insulin secretion. Further functional studies are needed to corroborate IL-6 system as a potential druggable target in diabetes.NCT01526720 ( ).
Charge-displacement analysis as a tool to study chalcogen bonded adducts and predict their association constants in solution. - Dalton transactions (Cambridge, England : 2003)
The secondary interaction between a polarized chalcogen atom and different Lewis bases, either anionic or neutral, has been studied by charge displacement analysis. Using charge displacement analysis, the charge rearrangement in the adduct upon the formation of the interaction has been quantified and described in great detail. By comparing the theoretical results with the experimental association constants, two linear correlations can be found for anionic and neutral bases. Such correlations can be used to reliably predict the association constants of adducts for which experimental data are not available yet.

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