2606 Park St
Jacksonville FL 32204
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Providers' Behaviors and Beliefs on Prescribing Antipsychotic Medication to Children: A Qualitative Study. - Community mental health journal
Fragmentation in behavioral and mental health care to children has resulted in suboptimal care and high rates of psychotropic medication use, especially antipsychotic medications (APM). A qualitative study, based on the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB), aimed to better understand prescribing practices, barriers to optimal treatment, and potential interventions to safeguard the use of APM for children in Kentucky. The most common barrier to optimal care was access to mental health specialists. Social norms and pressure from families contribute to increased medication use. We identify promising interventions to safeguard the use of APM through the lens of the TPB.
Maternal-Fetal Monitoring of Opioid-Exposed Pregnancies: Analysis of a Pilot Community-Based Protocol and Review of the Literature. - Journal of obstetrics and gynaecology Canada : JOGC = Journal d'obstetrique et gynecologie du Canada : JOGC
To describe/analyse a novel, community-based prenatal monitoring protocol for opioid-exposed pregnancies developed by our centre in 2014 to optimize prenatal care for this population. AÂ literature review of published monitoring protocols for this population is also presented.Retrospective comparison of pre-protocol (nÂ = 215) and post-protocol (nÂ = 251) cohorts. Medline and Embase were searched between 2000-2016 using MeSH terms: [fetal monitoring OR prenatal care] AND [opioid-related disorders OR substance-related disorders] in Medline and [fetal monitoring OR prenatal care] AND [opiate addiction OR substance abuse] in Embase, producing 518 results. Thirteen studies included protocols for monitoring opioid-exposed pregnancies. No comprehensive monitoring protocols with high-quality supporting evidence were found.We evaluated 466 opioid-exposed pregnancies, 215 before and 251 after introduction of the protocol. Since implementation, there was a significant increase in the number of opioid-exposed patients who have underwent urine drug screening (72.6% to 89.2%, P < 0.0001); a significant reduction in the number of urine drug screenings positive for illicit opioids (50.2% to 29.1%, PÂ <Â 0.0001); and a significant increase in the number of patients who discontinued illicit opioid use by the time of delivery (24.7% to 39.4%, P < 0.01). There was no difference in the CS rate (27.4% vs. 26.3%, P > 0.05). There were no observed differences in the rate of preterm birth, birth weight <2500 g, or Apgar score <7 (P > 0.05).Care of women with increased opioid use during pregnancy is an important but under-studied health issue. A novel protocol for focused antenatal care provision for women with opioid-exposed pregnancies improves standard of care and maternal/fetal outcomes.Copyright Â© 2017. Published by Elsevier Inc.
Does gamification increase engagement with online programs? A systematic review. - PloS one
Engagement in online programs is difficult to maintain. Gamification is the recent trend that offers to increase engagement through the inclusion of game-like features like points and badges, in non-game contexts. This review will answer the following question, 'Are gamification strategies effective in increasing engagement in online programs?'Eight databases (Web of Science, PsycINFO, Medline, INSPEC, ERIC, Cochrane Library, Business Source Complete and ACM Digital Library) were searched from 2010 to the 28th of October 2015 using a comprehensive search strategy. Eligibility criteria was based on the PICOS format, where "population" included adults, "intervention" involved an online program or smart phone application that included at least one gamification feature. "Comparator" was a control group, "outcomes" included engagement and "downstream" outcomes which occurred as a result of engagement; and "study design" included experimental studies from peer-reviewed sources. Effect sizes (Cohens d and 95% confidence intervals) were also calculated.1017 studies were identified from database searches following the removal of duplicates, of which 15 met the inclusion criteria. The studies involved a total of 10,499 participants, and were commonly undertaken in tertiary education contexts. Engagement metrics included time spent (n = 5), volume of contributions (n = 11) and occasions visited to the software (n = 4); as well as downstream behaviours such as performance (n = 4) and healthy behaviours (n = 1). Effect sizes typically ranged from medium to large in direct engagement and downstream behaviours, with 12 out of 15 studies finding positive significant effects in favour of gamification.Gamification is effective in increasing engagement in online programs. Key recommendations for future research into gamification are provided. In particular, rigorous study designs are required to fully examine gamification's effects and determine how to best achieve sustained engagement.
Incidence of late onset neutropenia associated with rituximab use in B cell lymphoma patients undergoing autologous stem cell transplantation. - Journal of oncology pharmacy practice : official publication of the International Society of Oncology Pharmacy Practitioners
Reversible late onset neutropenia associated with rituximab has been reported with incidence rates varying from 15 to 70% in B cell lymphoma patients receiving autologous stem cell transplantation. We conducted a retrospective descriptive study at one tertiary care center in adult B cell lymphoma patients treated with rituximab and autologous stem cell transplantation between 1 January 2004 and 30 June 2014. Late onset neutropenia was defined as an absolute neutrophil count <1.0â€‰Ã—â€‰10(9)â€‰cells/L after neutrophil engraftment and less than six months post autologous stem cell transplantation. The primary objective was to determine the incidence of late onset neutropenia. The secondary objectives were to examine whether the use of rituximab with re-induction therapy, mobilization or high dose chemotherapy regimens increased the risk for late onset neutropenia, and to evaluate infectious complications. Of 315 subjects, 92 (29.2%) developed late onset neutropenia. Mobilization regimens containing rituximab (OR 2.90 95% CI: 1.31-6.40), high dose chemotherapy containing rituximab (OR 1.87 95% CI: 1.14-3.05), and exposure to rituximab in either or both regimens (OR 3.05 95% CI: 1.36-6.88) significantly increased the risk of late onset neutropenia. While neutropenic, 17.4% experienced an infection, 7.6% experienced febrile neutropenia, and 5.4% were hospitalized. In conclusion, rituximab with mobilization or high dose chemotherapy may increase the risk of late onset neutropenia post autologous stem cell transplantation.
Public's Views toward Return of Secondary Results in Genomic Sequencing: It's (Almost) All about the Choice. - Journal of genetic counseling
The therapeutic use of genomic sequencing creates novel and unresolved questions about cost, clinical efficacy, access, and the disclosure of sequencing results. The disclosure of the secondary results of sequencing poses a particularly challenging ethical problem. Experts disagree about which results should be shared and public input - especially important for the creation of disclosure policies - is complicated by the complex nature of genetics. Recognizing the value of deliberative democratic methods for soliciting informed public opinion on matters like these, we recruited participants from a clinical research site for an all-day deliberative democracy (DD) session. Participants were introduced to the clinical and ethical issues associated with genomic sequencing, after which they discussed the tradeoffs and offered their opinions about policies for the return of secondary results. Participants (nÂ =Â 66; mean ageÂ =Â 57 (SDÂ =Â 15); 70% female; 76% white) were divided into 10 small groups (5 to 8 participants each) allowing interactive deliberation on policy options for the return of three categories of secondary results: 1) medically actionable results; 2) risks for adult-onset disorders identified in children; and 3) carrier status for autosomal recessive disorders. In our qualitative analysis of the session transcripts, we found that while participants favored choice and had a preference for making information available, they also acknowledged the risks (and benefits) of learning such information. Our research reveals the nuanced reasoning used by members of the public when weighing the pros and cons of receiving genomic information, enriching our understanding of the findings of surveys of attitudes regarding access to secondary results.
Identification of animal movement patterns using tri-axial magnetometry. - Movement ecology
Accelerometers are powerful sensors in many bio-logging devices, and are increasingly allowing researchers to investigate the performance, behaviour, energy expenditure and even state, of free-living animals. Another sensor commonly used in animal-attached loggers is the magnetometer, which has been primarily used in dead-reckoning or inertial measurement tags, but little outside that. We examine the potential of magnetometers for helping elucidate the behaviour of animals in a manner analogous to, but very different from, accelerometers. The particular responses of magnetometers to movement means that there are instances when they can resolve behaviours that are not easily perceived using accelerometers.We calibrated the tri-axial magnetometer to rotations in each axis of movement and constructed 3-dimensional plots to inspect these stylised movements. Using the tri-axial data of Daily Diary tags, attached to individuals of number of animal species as they perform different behaviours, we used these 3-d plots to develop a framework with which tri-axial magnetometry data can be examined and introduce metrics that should help quantify movement and behaviour.ï»¿ï»¿.Tri-axial magnetometry data reveal patterns in movement at various scales of rotation that are not always evident in acceleration data. Some of these patterns may be obscure until visualised in 3D space as tri-axial spherical plots (m-spheres). A tag-fitted animal that rotates in heading while adopting a constant body attitude produces a ring of data around the pole of the m-sphere that we define as its Normal Operational Plane (NOP). Data that do not lie on this ring are created by postural rotations of the animal as it pitches and/or rolls. Consequently, stereotyped behaviours appear as specific trajectories on the sphere (m-prints), reflecting conserved sequences of postural changes (and/or angular velocities), which result from the precise relationship between body attitude and heading. This novel approach shows promise for helping researchers to identify and quantify behaviours in terms of animal body posture, including heading.Magnetometer-based techniques and metrics can enhance our capacity to identify and examine animal behaviour, either as a technique used alone, or one that is complementary to tri-axial accelerometry.
Extended Outcomes of Complex Coronary Disease in the Drug Eluting Stent Era. - Cardiology research
Several randomized trials comparing bare-metal stents to Drug-Eluting Stents (DES) have demonstrated a significant reduction in Target Vessel Revascularization (TVR) and Target Lesion Revascularization (TLR) exists with the use of drug-eluting stents, without compromising survival. These conclusions are based on restricted inclusion criteria for patients and lesion. It is unknown if these results can be generalized to an unselected patient population and more complex disease. The objective of this study was to determine to what extent the availability of DES has impacted survival, TVR, and TLR in a large regional experience without the restriction of on-label indications.Patients registered with the Northern New England Cardiovascular Disease Study Group's PCI registry with single vessel coronary disease undergoing a first PCI were sorted according to the Bare-Metal stent (BMS) era (2001 - 2002) or the Drug-Eluting stent (DES) era (2004 - 2005) based on the time period their first PCI took place. Totally, 6,093 BMS and 5,651 DES patients were identified. Outcomes of survival, TLR and TVR were measured after one year.After 1 year, survival was comparable, TLR was reduced by 4.9% (absolute) and TVR was reduced by 5.4% (absolute) in the DES era compared to the BMS era. The TLR/TVR differences remained significant after propensity matching in the DES era vs BMS era (Mortality: HR 1.00, 95% CI: 0.83 - 1.28; TLR: HR 0.40, 95% CI 0.32 - 0.46; TVR: HR 0.44, 95% CI 0.38 - 0.51).In large regional experience with a consecutive series of patients representing the contemporary practice of PCI, including both on and off label use, the frequent use of DES reduces the risk of TVR and TLR without compromising survival.
Recruiting and Retaining Community-Based Preceptors: A Multicenter Qualitative Action Study of Pediatric Preceptors. - Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
The recruitment and retention of community preceptors to teach medical students is difficult. The authors sought to characterize the underlying motivational factors for becoming a preceptor and to identify strategies for recruiting and retaining community-based pediatric preceptors.This multicenter qualitative action study included semistructured interviews with community-based pediatric preceptors affiliated with 12 institutions from August to December 2015. Only active preceptors were included, and participating institutions were diverse with respect to geographic location and class size. Interviews were conducted over the telephone and transcribed verbatim. Six investigators used deidentified transcripts to develop a codebook. Through a constant comparative method, codes were revised as data were analyzed and disagreements were resolved through discussion. All investigators organized the themes into dimensions.Fifty-one preceptors were interviewed. Forty-one themes coalesced into four dimensions: (1) least liked aspects of teaching, (2) preparation to teach, (3) inspiration to teach, and (4) ways to improve recruitment and retention. Time constraints and patient care demands were the most commonly cited deterrents to teaching. Successful preceptors balanced their clinical demands with their desire to teach using creative scheduling. External rewards (e.g., recognition, continuing medical education credit) served as incentives. Internal motivation inspired participants to share their enthusiasm for pediatrics and to develop longitudinal relationships with their learners.Changes in health care delivery have imposed more time constraints on community-based preceptors. However, this study identified underlying factors motivating physicians to volunteer as preceptors. Strategies to recruit new and retain current preceptors must be collaborative.
A feasibility and efficacy trial of a hand-held humidification device in patients undergoing radiotherapy for head and neck cancer. - Supportive care in cancer : official journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
This study aimed to evaluate the effects of warm-mist humidification during and after head and neck radiation therapy (HN RT) on quality of life (QOL), as measured by the M. D. Anderson Symptom Inventory-Head and Neck (MDASI-HN) HN score. A secondary aim was to compare QOL among compliers (â‰¥60% of protocol-recommended usage) versus non-compliers.Twenty patients self-administered a hand-held, self-sterilizing humidification device for a recommended time of at least 15Â min twice daily for 12Â weeks. Patients completed the MDASI-HN instrument at RT start, after 6Â weeks, and after 12Â weeks. Compliance was reported weekly.The average HN score at baseline was 1.7 (SDÂ =Â 1.8) and increased to 6.0 (SDÂ =Â 1.6) after 6Â weeks; this increase was much higher than anticipated and the primary endpoint could not be reached. However, compliers had an average of nearly two less HN symptoms (-1.8, 95% CI -4 to 0.2; pÂ =Â 0.08) than non-compliers at 6Â weeks and fewer symptoms at 12Â weeks as well (-0.9, 95% CI -2.9 to 1.2; pÂ =Â 0.39). The most common terms patients used to describe humidification were "helpful" and "soothing."Compliance with humidification during RT was associated with fewer reported HN symptoms and a strong trend to better QOL. Improvements were seen from compliance with occasional required use of a portable, inexpensive device. Our findings support continued efforts to reduce barriers to humidification, as an intervention that should be considered for standard HN RT clinical practice.
Electroconvulsive therapy modulates plasma pigment epithelium-derived factor in depression: a proteomics study. - Translational psychiatry
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is the most effective treatment for severe depression, yet its mechanism of action is not fully understood. Peripheral blood proteomic analyses may offer insights into the molecular mechanisms of ECT. Patients with a major depressive episode were recruited as part of the EFFECT-Dep trial (enhancing the effectiveness of electroconvulsive therapy in severe depression; ISRCTN23577151) along with healthy controls. As a discovery-phase study, patient plasma pre-/post-ECT (n=30) was analyzed using 2-dimensional difference in gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry. Identified proteins were selected for confirmation studies using immunodetection methods. Samples from a separate group of patients (pre-/post-ECT; n=57) and matched healthy controls (n=43) were then used to validate confirmed changes. Target protein mRNA levels were also assessed in rat brain and blood following electroconvulsive stimulation (ECS), the animal model of ECT. We found that ECT significantly altered 121 protein spots with 36 proteins identified by mass spectrometry. Confirmation studies identified a post-ECT increase (P<0.01) in the antiangiogenic and neuroprotective mediator pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF). Validation work showed an increase (P<0.001) in plasma PEDF in depressed patients compared with the controls that was further increased post-ECT (P=0.03). PEDF levels were not associated with mood scores. Chronic, but not acute, ECS increased PEDF mRNA in rat hippocampus (P=0.02) and dentate gyrus (P=0.03). This study identified alterations in blood levels of PEDF in depressed patients and further alterations following ECT, as well as in an animal model of ECT. These findings implicate PEDF in the biological response to ECT for depression.
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2606 Park St Jacksonville, FL 32204
3 Shircliff Way Dillon Building, Suite 330
1824 King St Suite 200
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