2160 S 1St Ave Rm 7609
Maywood IL 60153
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Optimum number of procedures required to achieve procedural skills competency in internal medicine residents. - BMC medical education
Procedural skills training forms an essential, yet difficult to assess, component of an Internal Medicine Residency Program. We report the development of process of documentation and assessment of procedural skills training.An explanatory sequential mixed methods design was adopted where both quantitative and qualitative information was collected sequentially. A survey was conducted within the Department of Internal Medicine at The Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan to determine the optimum number of procedures needed to be performed by residents at each year of residency. Respondents included both faculty and the residents in the Department. Thereafter, all responses were compiled and later scrutinized by a focus group comprising of a mix of faculty from various subspecialties and resident representatives.A total of 64 responses were obtained. A significant difference was found in eight procedural skills' status between residents and faculty, though none of these were significant after accounting for multiple consecutive testing. However, the results were reviewed and a consensus for the procedures needed was developed through a focus group. A finalized procedural list was generated to determine: (a) the minimum number of times each procedure needed to be performed by the resident before deemed competent; (b) the level of competency for each procedure for respective year of residency.We conclude that the opinion of both the residents and the faculty as key stakeholders is vital to determine the number of procedures to be performed during an Internal Medicine Residency. Documentation of procedural competency development during the training would make the system more objective and hence reproducible. A log book was designed consisting of minimum number of procedures to be performed before attaining competency.
Advances in peripheral arterial disease endovascular revascularization. - Cardiology clinics
Significant advances have been made in the endovascular treatment of lower extremity arterial occlusive disease. Since the 2011 update, technologies has developed and allowed for the revascularization of complex vascular lesions. Although this technical success is encouraging, these technologies must provide measurable long-term clinical success at a reasonable cost. Large, randomized, controlled trials need to be designed to focus on clinical outcomes and success rates for treatment. These future studies will serve as the guide by which clinicians can provide the most successful clinical and cost effect care in treating patients with lower-extremity peripheral artery disease.Published by Elsevier Inc.
Multiple autoimmune syndromes associated with psoriasis: a rare clinical presentation. - Oman medical journal
Autoimmune diseases are known to have association with each other but it is very rare to see multiple autoimmune diseases in one patient. The combination of at least three autoimmune diseases in the same patient is referred to as multiple autoimmune syndrome. The case we are reporting features multiple autoimmune syndrome with five different conditions. The patient had type 1 diabetes mellitus, autoimmune hemolytic anemia, systemic lupus erythematosus, vitiligo, and psoriasis. Psoriasis has rarely been reported previously under the spectrum of autoimmune syndrome. Although the relationship of autoimmune conditions with each other has been explored in the past, this case adds yet another dimension to the unique evolution of autoimmune pathologies. The patient presented with a combination of five autoimmune diseases, which makes it consistent type three multiple autoimmune syndromes with the addition of psoriasis. The current case is unique in this aspect that the combination of these five autoimmune disorders has never been reported in the past.
Coronary calcium scoring: are the results comparable to computed tomography coronary angiography for screening coronary artery disease in a South Asian population? - BMC research notes
The need of having feasible screening tools like Coronary Calcium Scoring (CCS) and CT Coronary Artery (CTCA) for Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) has become paramount. We aimed to evaluate the accuracy of CCS in determining the degree of stenosis of coronary vessels as compared to that determined by CTCA in a South Asian population.A retrospective study was conducted at The Aga Khan University Hospital. A total of 539 patient records were reviewed who had undergone CCS and CTCA between 2008 and 2010. Patient records were reviewed by comparing their CCS and CTCA results.About 268 out of 301 (89%) patients with a CCS of 0-9 were found to be free of stenosis on CTCA. On a CCS of 10-99, 110 out of 121 (91%) patients were either free of stenosis or had mild stenosis. About 66 out of 79 (84%) patients had moderate or severe stenosis with a calcium score of 100-400 while none of the patients were free of stenosis. Around 28 out of 38 (74%) patients with a CCS of more than 400 had severe stenosis. However, only 04 patients (11%) were found to have mild stenosis. Spearman's rho revealed a correlation coefficient of 0.791 with a p-value of <0.001.Our study reaffirms that in South Asian population, low CCS (<100) is associated with no or minimal stenosis while high CCS warrants further investigation; hence, making it a reliable tool for screening patients with CAD.
Safety and efficacy of drug-eluting balloons in the treatment of drug-eluting in-stent restenosis: experience of a tertiary care hospital. - The Journal of invasive cardiology
The advent of drug-eluting balloons (DEBs) is a promising development for coronary revascularization procedures, especially for in-stent restenosis (ISR). This study aims to highlight our experience with DEBs in the treatment of drug-eluting ISR at a tertiary care hospital in Pakistan.All patients presenting to our institution from August 2008 to February 2011 with significant drug-eluting in-stent restenosis (DES-ISR) who were eligible to receive treatment via DEB were included in the analysis. Patient baseline characteristics and angiographic data about the lesion characteristics were obtained. Postprocedural and follow-up endpoints, including cardiac death, myocardial infarction, and repeat revascularization, ie, major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), were included in the analysis.A total of 26 patients received treatment with DEB in the study period, with a significant number having major predisposing factors for the development of ischemic heart disease (IHD; 46% diabetics; 92% hypertensives). The culprit lesion was most commonly identified in the left anterior descending (31%), with presence of American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association lesion type C in 68% of patients. The SeQuent Please paclitaxel-eluting balloon (B. Braun) was used for revascularization. Patients were followed for a median of 16 months. Only 5 patients (19%) developed MACE during this period.Our experience demonstrates the effectiveness of DEBs in the treatment of drug-eluting ISR, especially in complex lesions with patients having significant risk factors for development of IHD. However, further studies are needed to define their indications in this role.
Giant pulmonary bulla with mediastinal shift in a 12 1/2 year old girl. - JPMA. The Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Pulmonary bulla in children represent interesting entities. Mostly congenital bronchopulmonary foregut malformations and acquired cysts like pneumatocoeles have also been described. We present a case of a 12 1/2 years old girl with acute onset respiratory distress symptoms harbouring a huge pulmonary cyst exhibiting mass effects, resulting in mediastinal deviation. Following initial workup, cyst excision was carried out which revealed presence of fungal hyphae that was susceptible to Fluconazole therapy post operatively. The case points out how a pulmonary cyst can present in older children with symptoms of respiratory distress and mass effects.
Surgical management of valvular heart diseases in pregnancy. - European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology
Heart disease in pregnancy remains one of the important causes for maternal and fetal mortality and morbidity. Cardiac surgery undertaken in pregnancy presents specific additional issues for both the mother and fetus; especially cardiopulmonary bypass and the factors associated with it. Successful outcome of cardiopulmonary bypass surgery during pregnancy depends upon the multidisciplinary management of the patient, which is frequently under reported from the developing world. We present our experience of two cases where cardiopulmonary bypass surgery for cardiac valve replacement was successfully performed during pregnancy without any maternal or fetal mortality. A review of published literature is also undertaken in order to present evidence based recommendations for undertaking such procedures in pregnancy.Copyright Â© 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Predictors of oral tobacco use among young adult patients visiting family medicine clinics in Karachi, Pakistan. - Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention : APJCP
Prevalence of cancers associated with the use of oral tobacco (OT) is rising very rapidly and prevention of use is the best option to tackle this scenario. This cross-sectional study estimated the proportion of OT use and predictors associated with its initiation and determined the knowledge, attitude and practices of OT users. A total of 231 young adult patients (15-30 years age) were interviewed by medical students in family practice clinics in Karachi, Pakistan. OT use was considered as usage of any of the following: betel quid (paan) with tobacco, betel nuts with tobacco (gutkha), and snuff (naswar). Overall, 49.8% (95% CI=43.3-56.2) subjects had used OT at least in one form. Multivariable analysis demonstrated independent association of OT users with secondary education level (adjusted OR=3.6; 95% CI=1.6-8.1) and use of OT by a family member (OR=2.3; 95% CI=1.3-4.0). Among OT users, 37.4% started after being inspired by friends/peer pressure, 60% using for more than 5 years, 53.2 % users reported getting physical/mental comfort from the use of OT while 31.6% tried to quit this habit but failed. We suggest socially and culturally acceptable educational and behavioral interventions for control of OT usage and hence to prevent its associated cancers.
Percutaneous coronary intervention of left main pseudoaneurysm with customized covered stents. - Catheterization and cardiovascular interventions : official journal of the Society for Cardiac Angiography & Interventions
Left main pseuodaneurysm is a rare entity and is one of the potentially lethal consequences of coronary artery dissection. We describe a case of a young woman who almost a week after her delivery developed spontaneous left main dissection, manifested as acute anterior myocardial infarction. Left on medical treatment alone over a month, spontaneous dissection progressed to symptomatic large left main pseuodaneurysm, which was treated percutaneously with covered stents. Â© 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.Copyright Â© 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Contrast-induced nephropathy in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. - Cardiology research and practice
Contrast Induced Nephropathy (CIN) is a feared complication of numerous radiological procedures that expose patients to contrast media. The most notorious of these procedures is percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Not only is this a leading cause of morbidity and mortality, but it also adds to increased costs in high risk patients undergoing PCI. It is thought to result from direct cytotoxicity and hemodynamic challenge to renal tissue. CIN is defined as an increase in serum creatinine by either â‰¥0.5â€‰mg/dL or by â‰¥25% from baseline within the first 2-3 days after contrast administration, after other causes of renal impairment have been excluded. The incidence is considerably higher in diabetics, elderly and patients with pre-existing renal disease when compared to the general population. The nephrotoxic potential of various contrast agents must be evaluated completely, with prevention as the mainstay of focus as no effective treatment exists. The purpose of this article is to examine the pathophysiology, risk factors, and clinical course of CIN, as well as the most recent studies dealing with its prevention and potential therapeutic interventions, especially during PCI. The role of gadolinium as an alternative to iodinated contrast is also discussed.
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2160 S 1St Ave Rm 7609 Maywood, IL 60153
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