33790 Bainbridge Rd Suite 212
Solon OH 44139
Medical School: Other - Unknown
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License #: 19991
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Stellate Ganglion Block for the Treatment of Hot Flashes in Patients with Breast Cancer: A Literature Review. - The Ochsner journal
Currently, hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is the only US Food and Drug Administration-approved treatment for hot flashes, resulting in clinical improvement in 80%-90% of symptomatic women. However, HRT is not recommended for patients with breast cancer. Current data regarding the use of stellate ganglion block (SGB) for the treatment of vasomotor symptoms in symptomatic women with a diagnosis of breast cancer are promising.A PubMed search for recent articles on the effects of SGB for the treatment of hot flashes in patients with breast cancer identified 11 articles published between 2005-2014.Five articles described the physiology of hot flashes and the hypothesis of why SGB would be a treatment option, and 6 were clinical articles.The available results of SGB efficacy are promising but demonstrate significant variability. A large prospective randomized controlled trial is required to determine the exact success of SGB on hot flashes and quality of life in breast cancer survivors.
A Double-Blind Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing Epidural Clonidine vs Bupivacaine for Pain Control During and After Lower Abdominal Surgery. - The Ochsner journal
Alpha-2 adrenergic agonists produce safe and effective analgesia, but most investigations studying the analgesic effect of alpha-2 adrenoceptor agonists postoperatively included previous or concomitant administration of other analgesics. Because clonidine potentiates the effect of these drugs, its own intrinsic analgesic effect has been difficult to establish. This study was designed to compare the intraoperative and postoperative effects of epidural clonidine vs bupivacaine for patients undergoing lower abdominal surgery.This randomized controlled trial included 40 patients aged 18-50 who were scheduled for elective lower abdominal surgery. Patients were randomly divided into 2 groups. Group I (n=20) received epidural clonidine; Group II (n=20) received epidural bupivacaine. Intraoperative and postoperative hemodynamics, pain scores, and complications were monitored.Mean pain scores were significantly lower in Group I compared to Group II (1.5 Â± 0.5 compared to 3.4 Â± 1.0, respectively) in the first 12 hours after surgery. Sedation was more prominent in Group I until 9 hours after surgery. Opioid requirements were significantly lower in Group I. Respiratory rate was similar in the 2 groups. Group I had larger decreases from baseline in systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure than Group II. Heart rate in Group I was reduced from baseline, while it was increased in Group II. Less postoperative nausea and vomiting, urinary retention, pruritus, and shivering were observed in Group I.Compared to bupivacaine, epidural clonidine provided effective intraoperative and postoperative analgesia in selected patients, resulting in a decreased intravenous pain medication requirement and prolonged duration of analgesia after epidural infusion was discontinued.
Epidural hematoma with atypical presentation. - A & A case reports
We present a case of massive spinal epidural hematoma with an atypical presentation characterized by unilateral, isolated motor deficit in the right lower extremity on postoperative day 2 after Collis-Nissen fundoplication and a T7-8 epidural for postoperative pain. The epidural had been placed in the preoperative theater before surgery. Subcutaneous unfractionated heparin was initiated 18 hours later on postoperative day 1 with 3 times daily dosing. The patient also received 3 doses of ketorolac starting 10 hours after epidural placement. Symptoms were first reported on postoperative day 2, 37 hours after epidural placement. Thoracic magnetic resonance imaging showed an epidural hematoma extending from T2 through T12, requiring emergent decompression and evacuation. The patient made a complete recovery without any resultant neurologic deficit.
Longevity and cost of implantable intrathecal drug delivery systems for chronic pain management: a retrospective analysis of 365 patients. - Neuromodulation : journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
Intrathecal drug delivery systems represent an important component of interventional strategies for refractory chronic pain syndromes. Continuous intrathecal administration of opioids results in higher subarachnoid drug concentrations, improved pain scores, and less frequent side effects when compared with systemic opioid administration. Substantial costs arise at the time of surgical implantation and at revision for battery depletion or treatment of a complication. Despite current widespread use, the real-world longevity and cost of implanted intrathecal pumps (ITP) has not been fully quantified.Patients with an ITP implanted at Cleveland Clinic Pain Management Center between January 1998 and December 2012 were included. ITP longevity was calculated as the time between implant and explant for depletion of the system's battery. Using the 2013 fee schedule of the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, the daily cost of having a functioning ITP was calculated. The costs of office visits for pump refills and the cost of intrathecal medications were not included, nor were the possible savings due to decreased utilization of alternate medical services.Three hundred sixty-five patients had 559 pumps implanted. Postlaminectomy syndrome was the most common indication (40%). The median system longevity for all pumps was 5.4 years (97.5% confidence interval: [5.0, 5.8]), including pumps extracted prematurely, as well as those that reached the elective replacement interval. The median ITP longevity was 5.9 years (95% confidence interval: [5.6, 6.1]) for pumps explanted for end of battery life. The median system cost per day was $10.46. The median cost per day of pumps explanted for end of battery life was $9.26, versus $44.59 for pumps explanted prematurely due to complications.Overall, the cohort experienced an increased incidence of pump-related complications and a device longevity that was within the range of the manufacturer's anticipated lifespan. Increasing the lifespan of the ITP and improving patient selection have the potential to significantly improve the cost-effectiveness of intrathecal therapy.Â© 2014 International Neuromodulation Society.
Chorea in a chronic pain patient using gabapentin. - The Ochsner journal
Gabapentin increasingly is being used to treat chronic pain in addition to seizures, anxiety, and bipolar disorder. Chorea has been reported as a potential side effect of gabapentin.We report the case of a patient with chronic low back pain who was treated with a host of modalities, including gabapentin. After she increased her dose of gabapentin, she developed chorea of the upper extremities, neck, and head. With cessation of gabapentin, the bulk of her symptoms resolved within 24 hours, and symptoms completely resolved in the following months.Chorea is thought to appear when the basal ganglia are deregulated. Gabapentin interferes with gamma-aminobutyric acid, the primary inhibitory neurotransmitter in the motor pathway. Chorea associated with gabapentin has been reported in several case studies, but not at a dose as low as the patient took in this case.
Continuous transversus abdominis plane block catheter analgesia for postoperative pain control in renal transplant. - Journal of anesthesia
Continuous transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block using a catheter has proven its usefulness in reducing opioid requirements and pain scores after lower abdominal surgery. However, there are no reports of its successful use after renal transplant. We tested the hypothesis that continuous TAP block would retrospectively reduce opioid requirement, nausea score and hospital stay after renal transplant surgery.In a retrospective study, we reviewed the data from 63 adult renal transplant recipients-31 with patient-controlled TAP analgesia with standing orders for intravenous as well as oral opioids as needed and 32 with intravenous patient-controlled analgesia. The TAP catheter was inserted preoperatively using an ultrasound-guided technique. Infusion of ropivacaine 0.2 % at 8 ml basal, 12 ml bolus and a lockout interval of 60 min were maintained for 48 h postoperatively. The primary outcome was total morphine-equivalent dose during the 48-h postoperative period. Secondary outcomes were pain and nausea scores for the 48-h postoperative period.The mean 48-h postoperative morphine-equivalent doses [95 % confidence interval] for patient-controlled intravenous analgesia and TAP catheter were 197 [111, 349] and 50 [28, 90], respectively, which were significantly different (P = 0.002). The mean 48-h average verbal response pain scores were 2.94 [2.39, 3.50] and 2.49 [1.93, 3.06], respectively, which were not significantly different (P = 0.26). The mean nausea scores were 0.66 [0.46, 0.87] and 0.60 [0.40, 0.81], respectively, which were not significantly different (P = 0.69). There was no difference regarding hospital stay.The use of continuous TAP analgesia for postoperative analgesia after renal transplant was effective in reducing the morphine-equivalent requirements.
Factors that might impact intrathecal drug delivery (IDD) dose escalation: a longitudinal study. - Pain practice : the official journal of World Institute of Pain
Intrathecal drug delivery (IDD) system with implantable pumps has been used to treat cancer-related pain as well as noncancer-related chronic pain. Opioids, including morphine and hydromorphone, are the most commonly used intrathecal (IT) agents. Although technology, techniques, and knowledge of IDD have improved, dose escalation occurs relatively rapidly in noncancer pain.Retrospective chart review of IDD pump patients, implanted for a minimum of 2Â years, was designed to investigate possible existing predictors that might impact IDD dose escalation, such as patient's demographic risk factors, duration of the treatment, and diagnosis of the patient's pain correlates with increase in medication requirement. Primary outcome was defined as the annual percent escalation in daily opioid dosage, and secondary outcome was the average annual percent reduction in VRS pain scores.Median dosage escalation was 17% per year for patients with neuropathic pain compared with 12% per year for patients with other pain modalities. Mean opioid dosage increased 30.4% more rapidly for patients with neuropathic pain than for other pain modalities. The adjusted difference in means was 28.8% (PÂ =Â 0.001). None of the secondary exposures were statistically significant after the Bonferroni adjustment. No association was found between pain modality and annual percent change in VRS pain score.Annual increases in daily opioid dosage were higher among patients with neuropathic pain than among patients with other modalities; we also found no evidence of difference in annual pain reduction.Â© 2013 World Institute of Pain.
Acute respiratory distress following ultrasound-guided supraclavicular block. - The Ochsner journal
Brachial plexus blocks have become very common for patients undergoing upper extremity surgery. We report a case in which the patient developed ipsilateral phrenic nerve paralysis and acute respiratory failure following supraclavicular nerve block.A 61-year-old female diabetic, morbidly obese patient presented for a repeat debridement of necrotizing fasciitis on her left arm. She received a left-sided supraclavicular brachial plexus block. Within a few minutes, the patient began to experience acute dyspnea, anxiety, and oxygen saturation of 90%. Breath sounds were diminished in the left hemithorax. Arterial blood gases revealed evidence of acute respiratory acidosis. The chest x-ray was normal. After induction, we intubated the patient. Subsequent arterial blood gases showed marked improvement in respiratory acidosis. We believed left phrenic nerve paralysis to be the cause of the distress. The patient was extubated in the surgical intensive care unit the following day, and infusion of ropivacaine 0.2% was started. The catheter was removed afterward secondary to its occlusion.Phrenic nerve injury leading to respiratory distress is a rare complication of supraclavicular brachial plexus block. Anesthesiologists should be ready for emergency intubation when performing this kind of block.
Ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plane catheter for chronic abdominal pain. - Pain practice : the official journal of World Institute of Pain
Neural blockade of the thoracolumbar nerves supplying the anterior abdominal wall through transversus abdominis plane (TAP) has been investigated for different applications mainly for the acute pain management following abdominal surgical procedures. The role of this block for chronic pain syndromes is still to be discovered, and its value in chronic abdominal pain needs to be studied. We are presenting new application of the TAP technique for management of chronic abdominal pain syndrome using the continuous infusion.We present a case of an 18-year-old girl who underwent an uneventful laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Postoperatively, patient complained of chronic pain at the site of the surgery. All diagnostic and imaging studies were negative for a surgical or a medical cause. Multiple interventions including epidural blocks, transcutaneous electrical neural stimulation, and celiac plexus blocks had failed to relieve the pain. After discussion with the patient about the diagnostic nature of the procedure and the likelihood of recurrence of pain, TAP block was performed on the right side with significant improvement of pain for about 24 hours. The degree of pain relief experienced by the patient was very dramatic, which encouraged us to proceed with an indwelling TAP catheter to allow for continuous infusion of a local anesthetic. The patient was sent home with the continuous infusion through a TAP catheter for 2 weeks. From the day of catheter insertion and up to 9 months of follow-up, patient had marked improvement of her pain level as well as her functional status and ability to perform her daily activities, after which our acute pain team stopped following the patient.A successful TAP block confirmed the peripheral (somatic) source of the abdominal pain and provided temporary analgesia after which an indwelling catheter was inserted, which provided prolonged pain relief.Â© 2012 The Authors. Pain Practice Â© 2012 World Institute of Pain.
Bilateral brachial plexus home going catheters after digital amputation for patient with upper extremity digital gangrene. - Journal of clinical medicine research
Peripheral nerve catheter placement is used to control surgical pain. Performing bilateral brachial plexus block with catheters is not frequently performed; and in our case sending patient home with bilateral brachial plexus catheters has not been reported up to our knowledge. Our patient is a 57 years old male patient presented with bilateral upper extremity digital gangrene on digits 2 through 4 on both sides with no thumb involvement. The plan was to do the surgery under sequential axillary blocks. On the day of surgery a right axillary brachial plexus block was performed under ultrasound guidance using 20 ml of 0.75% ropivacaine. Patient was taken to the OR and the right fingers amputation was carried out under mild sedation without problems. Left axillary brachial plexus block was then done as the surgeon was closing the right side, two hours after the first block was performed. The left axillary block was done also under ultrasound using 20 ml of 2% mepivacaine. The brachial plexus blocks were performed in a sequential manner. Surgery was unremarkable, and patient was transferred to post anesthetic care unit in stable condition. Over that first postoperative night, the patient complained of severe pain at the surgical sites with minimal pain relief with parentral opioids. We placed bilateral brachial plexus catheters (right axillary and left infra-clavicular brachial plexus catheters). Ropivacaine 0.2% infusion was started at 7 ml per hour basal rate only with no boluses on each side. The patient was discharged home with the catheters in place after receiving the appropriate education. On discharge both catheters were connected to a single ON-Q (I-flow Corporation, Lake Forest, CA) ball pump with a 750 ml reservoir using a Y connection and were set to deliver a fixed rate of 7 ml for each catheter. The brachial plexus catheters were removed by the patient on day 5 after surgery without any difficulty. Patient's postoperative course was otherwise unremarkable. We concluded that home going catheters are very effective in pain control postoperatively and they shorten the period of hospital stay.Brachial plexus; Home going catheters; Post-operative pain.
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33790 Bainbridge Rd Suite 212 Solon, OH 44139
34501 Aurora Rd Ste 104B
34055 Solon Rd Suite 101
30680 Bainbridge Rd Community Hospitalists
Cleveland, OH 44139