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Gold(I) and gold(III) corroles. - Chemistry (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany)
Corrole complexes with gold(I) and gold(III) were synthesized and their structural, photophysical, and electrochemical properties investigated. This work includes the X-ray crystallography characterization of gold(I) and gold(III) complexes, both chelated by a corrole with fully brominated Î²-pyrrole carbon atoms. The mononuclear and chiral gold(I) corrole appears to be the first of its kind within the porphyrinoid family, while the most unique property of the gold(III) corrole is that it displays phosphorescence at ambient temperatures.Copyright Â© 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Thorium 2-pyridylamidinates: synthesis, structure and catalytic activity towards the cyclo-oligomerization of epsilon-caprolactone. - Dalton transactions (Cambridge, England : 2003)
Salt metathesis of ThCl(4).3THF with N,N'-bis(trimethylsilyl)-2-pyridyl-lithium-TMEDA (1) yields bis(N,N'-bis(trimethylsilyl)-2-pyridylamidinate) thorium-chloride (mu-Cl)(2)Li(TMEDA) (2) (60% isolated yield) and tris(N,N'-bis(trimethylsilyl)-2-pyridylamidinate) thorium monochloride (3) (10% isolated yield). The latter compound is the first crystallographically characterized tris(amidinate) thorium complex. The bis pyridyl amidinate thorium (2) displays a unique reactivity towards the dual-site cyclo-oligomerization of epsilon-caprolactone, which produces two fractions of macrocyclic oligo-esters with extremely narrow (1.01-1.06) polydispersity. A mechanism for the dual-site oligomerization reaction is proposed based on kinetic, poisoning, and (1)H NMR studies.
W4 theory for computational thermochemistry: In pursuit of confident sub-kJ/mol predictions. - The Journal of chemical physics
In an attempt to improve on our earlier W3 theory [A. D. Boese et al., J. Chem. Phys. 120, 4129 (2004)] we consider such refinements as more accurate estimates for the contribution of connected quadruple excitations (T4), inclusion of connected quintuple excitations (T5), diagonal Born-Oppenheimer corrections (DBOC), and improved basis set extrapolation procedures. Revised experimental data for validation purposes were obtained from the latest version of the Active Thermochemical Tables thermochemical network. The recent CCSDT(Q) method offers a cost-effective way of estimating T4, but is insufficient by itself if the molecule exhibits some nondynamical correlation. The latter considerably slows down basis set convergence for T4, and anomalous basis set convergence in highly polar systems makes two-point extrapolation procedures unusable. However, we found that the CCSDTQ-CCSDT(Q) difference converges quite rapidly with the basis set, and that the formula 1.10[CCSDT(Q)cc-pVTZ+CCSDTQcc-pVDZ-CCSDT(Q)cc-pVDZ] offers a very reliable as well as fairly cost-effective estimate of the basis set limit T4 contribution. The T5 contribution converges very rapidly with the basis set, and even a simple double-zeta basis set appears to be adequate. The largest T5 contribution found in the present work is on the order of 0.5 kcal/mol (for ozone). DBOCs are significant at the 0.1 kcal/mol level in hydride systems. Post-CCSD(T) contributions to the core-valence correlation energy are only significant at that level in systems with severe nondynamical correlation effects. Based on the accumulated experience, a new computational thermochemistry protocol for first- and second-row main-group systems, to be known as W4 theory, is proposed. Its computational cost is not insurmountably higher than that of the earlier W3 theory, while performance is markedly superior. Our W4 atomization energies for a number of key species are in excellent agreement (better than 0.1 kcal/mol on average, 95% confidence intervals narrower than 1 kJ/mol) with the latest experimental data obtained from Active Thermochemical Tables. Lower-cost variants are proposed: the sequence W1-->W2.2-->W3.2-->W4lite-->W4 is proposed as a converging hierarchy of computational thermochemistry methods. A simple a priori estimate for the importance of post-CCSD(T) correlation contributions (and hence a pessimistic estimate for the error in a W2-type calculation) is proposed.
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