632 Route 6A
Yarmouth Port MA 02675
Medical School: Other - Unknown
Accepts Medicare: No
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License #: 2064
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Neurophysiological monitoring in adult and pediatric intensive care. - Minerva anestesiologica
Clinical neurophysiology is both an extension of clinical examination and an integration of neuroimaging. It plays a role in diagnosis, prognosis and monitoring in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Electroencephalography (EEG) and somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) are the most informative neurophysiological tests. Both have a major prognostic role in the hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy and traumatic brain injury (TBI). In the former the absence of bilateral cortical SEPs has an unfavorable prognostic significance of 100%, whereas bilateral normal SEPs has uncertain prognostic value. In TBI these SEP patterns have high early prognostic value for both bad and good outcome. Continuous EEG monitoring is indicated for diagnosis and treatment of non convulsive seizures and status epilepticus (NCSE), whereas SEPs are more able to indicate the occurrence of neurological deterioration. In our opinion EEG-SEP monitoring is also valuable for interpretation and management of ICP trends, contributing to optimise treatment in a single patient. The EEG seems to have the same prognostic utility in pediatric as in adult ICU. Recent reviews supported the use of SEPs in the integrated process of outcome prediction after acute brain injury in children. However differences in interpretation are needed and the issue is whether it is possible to establish an age limit over which the prediction of SEPs is similar to that in adults. There are only a few studies of seizure prevalence in pediatric ICU. The variability of frequency of NCSE in comatose children is high as in adults and, similar to the adult, remains unclear the impact on outcome.
The prognostic role of evoked potentials in neonatal hypoxic-ischemic insult. - The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians
Neonatal encephalopathy is a significant cause of infant mortality and morbidity with risk of neurological sequelae in the survivors of neonates admitted to Neonatal (N) Intensive Care Unit (ICU). The EEG and Evoked Potentials (EPs) are very informative in the ICU. In particular, it is known that the SomatoSensory (SS) EPs are the best single indicator of early prognosis in adults and children patients with traumatic and/or hypoxic-ischemic coma compared to the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) and CTscan. Most paediatric studies excluded newborns in an attempt to eliminate the age effects, because of the structural and functional immaturity of somatosensory system. In fact, newborns differ from adults and paediatric patients for many aspects: hypoxic-ischemic aetiology, SSEPs normative data, grading and predictive values, timing and techniques recording, clinical scales of evaluation. Recently a diagnostic and predictive role of early SSEPs has been established in perinatal hypoxic-ischemic. We reported a literature review of early diagnostic/prognostic role of SSEPs and our preliminary neurophysiological data of prospective study in mild or severe perinatal hypoxic-ischemic insult.
Prognostic value of somatosensory evoked potentials in comatose children: a systematic literature review. - Intensive care medicine
To review the predictive powers of SEPs in comatose children after acute brain injury.MEDLINE, EMBASE, OVID, ISI Web of Knowledge, BIOMED Central and the Cochrane Library (1981-2007) were searched. First, predictive values were calculated for each primary study. Second, we analysed effects of different factors on the SEP diagnostic odds ratio by meta-regression. Third, we compared SEP predictive values in children and in adults.We selected 14 studies covering 732 patients; analysis was conducted in 11, while the other 3 were used for simple qualitative examination. In individual papers, the presence of SEP predicted favourable outcomes as shown by the area under both sROC curves being 0.958. The same value was shown by SEP absence for predicting unfavourable outcomes. All covariates showed no significant effects on diagnostic accuracy, but only a slight non-significant trend. For SEP grading, a simple sub-group analysis showed a high predictive value for non-awakening for absence of SEPs (PPV 97.0%) and a high prognostic power to predict awakening for normal SEPs (PPV 92.2%). Pathological SEPs did not show reliable predictivity. In children, the presence of SEPs showed a high prognostic power similar to that in adults.This study supports the use of SEPs in the integrated process of outcome prediction after acute brain injury in children. Caution is recommended in predicting unfavourable outcomes in patients with an absence of SEPs in both TBI and HIE comas. Future studies are needed to resolve the issue of the effect of aetiology and age on SEP's predictive power.
Selective shunting based on somatosensory evoked potential monitoring during carotid endarterectomy. - International angiology : a journal of the International Union of Angiology
Somatosensory Evoked Potentials (SEPs), to median nerve stimulation, were continuously monitored in 58 patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy A first group of patients was shunted routinely; in a second group the shunt was selectively applied when inadequacy of collateral circulation was suspected based on stump pressure values and SEP changes. Both amplitude and latency modifications of SEPs occurred during surgery; however no post-operative neurological deficit was seen unless there was a complete flattening of cortical waves, even a transitory one. Inadequate collateral circulation and embolic ischemia affected SEPs differently. While the latter produced a disappearance of all cortical waves, the former led first to a progressive flattening of later cortical waves and then of N20 as well. For values of stump pressure ranging between 20 and 50 mmHg SEPs were unchanged in some patients and altered in others. These findings may explain the controversies existing about the usefulness of stump pressure for predicting tolerance to carotid clamping.
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632 Route 6A Yarmouth Port, MA 02675
179 Route 6A Briarpatch Pediatrics