18 N Juniata St H & M Insurance Building
Hollidaysburg PA 16648
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Developing family rooms in mental health inpatient units: an exploratory descriptive study. - BMC health services research
Family-friendly spaces for children and families to visit inpatient mental health units are recommended in international mental health guidelines as one way to provide service delivery that is responsive to the needs of parent-consumers and families. There is a lack of evidence on the implementation of family-friendly spaces or Family Rooms. This study aimed to explore the development, role, and function of Family Rooms in four mental health inpatient units in a local health district in NSW Australia.An exploratory descriptive inductive-deductive design using multiple data sources was employed. Methods included Family Room usage and parental status data over a 12 week period, an open-ended questionnaire, and semi-structured interviews with 20 nurses.Available parental status data indicated that between 8-14 % of inpatients were parents of dependent children under 18. Family Room usage was multipurpose and used specifically for children & families 29 % of the time. As spaces in the units, Family Rooms were perceived as acknowledging of the importance of family, and providing comfortable, secure spaces for parent-consumers and their children and family to maintain connections. Units did not have local policies or guidelines on the development, maintenance, and/or use of the rooms.Despite long-standing recognition of the need to identify consumers' parental status, there remains a lack of systematic processes for identifying parents in mental health inpatient services nationally. Family Rooms as spaces within inpatient units acknowledge the importance of families and are a step towards provision of family-focused mental health care. Recommendations for establishing and maintaining Family Rooms are outlined.
Young peoples' experience and self-management in the six months following major injury: A qualitative study. - Injury
The aim of this qualitative study was to explore how young people aged 16-24 years' experience, perceive and manage the effects of major traumatic injury during the initial six months following major traumatic injury. Specifically: (1) how do young people manage the physical and emotional effects of major injury within the trauma system of care? (2) What are young peoples' perceived needs for healthcare and how are these met within the trauma system of care? (3) What do young people perceive as the role of family in supporting them?This study forms part of the qualitative follow-up phase of an explanatory sequential mixed methods study investigating the characteristics and experience of major traumatic injury for young people 16-24 years, and the role of family in supporting them, in the initial six months following injury. The paper reports on young peoples' (aged 16-24 years) experiences of being admitted with major traumatic injury to two Australian Level 1 Trauma Centres. Twelve injured young people aged 17-23 years (mean=19 years) participated in the study. Two semi-structured in-depth interviews with young people were conducted and transcribed verbatim; the first prior to hospital discharge (n=12), and the second (n=7) within 3 months of hospital discharge. Data were managed using NVivo software, and thematically analysed.During the initial 6 months following injury, young people experienced a complex process of adaptation involving feelings of vulnerability and loss of control over their physicality, environment and life-course. Self-management strategies included use of Information technology as a form of distraction; family and friends to create a sense of familiarity and normality; and information and validation-seeking from health care professionals as a means of understanding and regaining a sense of self.Key elements of resilience theory applicable to the findings such as problem-based coping, self-efficacy and strong social support offer a useful framework for anticipatory guidance that is responsive to the psychosocial needs of injured young people and facilitates a strength-based patient-centred approach to managing major traumatic injury.Crown Copyright Â© 2015. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Incidence of depression, anxiety and stress following traumatic injury: a longitudinal study. - Scandinavian journal of trauma, resuscitation and emergency medicine
Traumatic injury and mental health disorders are co-associated. Early identification of depression, anxiety and stress following injury, and subsequent preventive intervention, may reduce the long-term symptoms and negative impacts associated with depression and anxiety. The purpose of the study was to determine the incidence, severity and predictors of depression, anxiety and stress in injured patients in the acute phase of care, and at six months following injury, as well as the effectiveness of an in-hospital screening tool.This descriptive longitudinal study of trauma patients was conducted at a Level 1 Metropolitan Trauma Centre in Australia over 14 months. Participants were interviewed using the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale short-form version (DASS-21) during hospital admission then at 3 and 6 months after injury. Descriptive statistics were performed to evaluate participant characteristics and incidence of depression, anxiety and stress. Correlations and logistic regression were conducted to investigate the ability of the DASS-21 to predict symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress and to investigate factors associated with depression, anxiety and stress 6 months after injury.201 participants ranging in age (18-94 years) and injury severity participated in the baseline interview and 109 completed all 3 interviews over 6 months. Over half (54%) reported above normal scores for depression, anxiety and/or stress in at least one of the 3 time points. Intensive care unit admission and high levels of depression, anxiety and stress at 3 months post injury were predictors for high levels of depression, anxiety and stress at 6 months. Low scores for depression, anxiety and stress during admission were correlated with low scores for depression, anxiety and stress at 3 and 6 months.Depression, anxiety and stress in patients hospitalised following injury is common and should be anticipated in patients who have had an intensive care admission. Screening at 3 months following injury identifies patients at risk of long-term symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress.
Family members' experience of providing support for young people with traumatic physical injury during the acute hospital phase of care: A qualitative study. - Injury
The aim of this study was to explore how family members perceive and support young people with traumatic physical injury during the acute phase of hospital care.This study forms part of the qualitative explanatory follow-up phase of a mixed methods study. The paper reports on family members' experiences of providing support to young people 16-24 years admitted with major traumatic injury to an Australian Level 1 Trauma Centre. Semi-structured in-depth interviews with family members were conducted and transcribed verbatim. Data were managed using NVivo software, and thematically analysed.Family support was determined by how family members perceived the injury. Driven by a need to protect the injured young person, family members sought to control potential emotional impacts of injury, creating a buffer between the young person and other people including healthcare professionals. Family members safeguarded the psychological well-being of the young person, in an attempt to facilitate their transition back to independence.This study identifies iterative changes in family relationships and emotional and practical support provided by family members during the initial injury trajectory, extending understandings of the broader burden of injury. Key elements of family stress theory offer a useful framework for the development of anticipatory guidance for clinicians that are responsive to the emotional needs of patients and families, supporting the need for a family-centred care approach to managing major traumatic injury in young people.Crown Copyright Â© 2015. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Emotional intelligence education in pre-registration nursing programmes: an integrative review. - Nurse education today
To investigate the state of knowledge on emotional intelligence (EI) education in pre-registration nursing programmes.Integrative literature review.CINAHL, Medline, Scopus, ERIC, and Web of Knowledge electronic databases were searched for abstracts published in English between 1992-2014.Data extraction and constant comparative analysis of 17 articles.Three categories were identified: Constructs of emotional intelligence; emotional intelligence curricula components; and strategies for emotional intelligence education.A wide range of emotional intelligence constructs were found, with a predominance of trait-based constructs. A variety of strategies to enhance students' emotional intelligence skills were identified, but limited curricula components and frameworks reported in the literature. An ability-based model for curricula and learning and teaching approaches is recommended.Copyright Â© 2014. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
The burden of youth: major traumatic injury in adolescents and young adults managed in the Australian Capital Territory. - Journal of trauma nursing : the official journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
To determine the incidence, characteristics, and factors associated with mortality after major traumatic injury in adolescent and young people in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT). A combined retrospective analysis of the National Coroners Information System and ACT Level 1 Trauma Centre registry data from July 2007 to June 2012 was conducted. Inclusion criteria were age 16 to 24 years, injury occurring within the ACT or surrounding region of responsibility, Injury Severity Score of more than 15, intensive care unit admission, hospital stay of more than 3 days, penetrating injury, or death. There were 714 adolescent and young adults recorded in the TCH trauma registry and National Coroners Information System. Injury rates remained consistent over the 5-year study period. Over half the injuries occurred in the districts surrounding the ACT. The largest subset represented was 18 to 21 years (47.8%). Road trauma was the most prevalent injury mechanism overall (58.4%), reaching statistical significance within the 18- to 21-year subset (39.9%). Other dominant injury mechanisms overall were recreation (15.4%) and violence (15.3%); self-inflicted violence constituted 45.8% within the larger violence group. Variables associated with mortality included those injured within the ACT (odds ratio [OR], 0.4; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.23-0.76) and the injury categories of severe (OR, 52.27; 95% CI, 24.71-110.58) and critically injured (OR, 770.73; 95% CI, 267.37-2221.73). The largest demographic affected by major trauma in the ACT and surrounds is young people aged 16 to 24 years. The focus of injury prevention may benefit from targeting young people involved in multiple risk behaviors that contribute to road trauma, interpersonal and self-inflicted violence, as well as high-risk recreation activities. Further research examining the complexity and relationship between these risk factors is required, as well as the long-term burden associated with caring for injured patients in this age group.
The challenges of conducting a nurse-led intervention in a randomized controlled trial with vulnerable participants. - Nursing research and practice
This paper discusses the challenges encountered by researchers while conducting a randomized controlled trial (RCT) testing the efficacy of a healthy lifestyle educational and exercise intervention for people with serious mental illness. RCTs, even though considered the "gold standard" of research designs, are still prone to risks of potential bias and threats to their validity. Based on researcher reflexivity, the combination of reflection and action, during the conduct of the study, this paper outlines a number of challenges faced by the researchers. These included managing the need of participants to tell their story and be heard, reluctance of participants to remain in allocated groups, participant literacy, dual role of the nurse nurse-researcher, and reporting the benefits of nonstatistical results of a quantitative research project. Recommendations for conducting future behaviour intervention studies of this type include the incorporation of a reflexive component for the nurse nurse-researcher, highlighting the importance of taking a reflexive stance in both qualitative and quantitative research designs.
Indigenous Australians' participation in pre-registration tertiary nursing courses: a mixed methods study. - Contemporary nurse
Indigenous nurses have the potential to improve access to health services for Indigenous people by ensuring that services are culturally safe and respectful of Indigenous peoples' needs. Therefore, developing a well-educated Indigenous nursing workforce is one way to improve the poor health outcomes of Indigenous Australians. A mixed methods study was undertaken to determine the current rates of enrollment, progression and completion of Indigenous nursing students in Australia and to explore student and staff perceptions of barriers to completion and strategies for success. The results indicate that the national average completion rates are 36.3% for Indigenous nursing students and 64.6% for non-Indigenous nursing students - an average difference of 28.3%. Indigenous nursing students and academics identified barriers to completion, which were similar to those identified in previous research. Success strategies, however, revealed the importance of individual student characteristics; academics' knowledge, awareness, and understanding; relationships, connections, and partnerships; institutional structures, systems, and processes; and, family and community knowledge, awareness, and understanding. This paper offers an overview of the integration and interpretation process that makes up the final phase of a mixed methods study.
Experiences of peer support for children and adolescents whose parents and siblings have mental illness. - Journal of child and adolescent psychiatric nursing : official publication of the Association of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nurses, Inc
There is minimal published literature on experiences of peer support programs for children/adolescents in families affected by mental illness. This study aimed to explore children's and adolescents' perspectives of the ON FIRE peer support program.An exploratory qualitative study with 14 children/adolescents 9-17 years of age who participated in semi-structured interviews. Thematic analysis resulted in three themes of experience.Participants made connections with others in the program, developed personal strengths, and learned how to contribute to others' well-being.Participants derived substantial personal benefit from peer support. Use of social media and the Internet may facilitate future program delivery.Â© 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Incidence and outcomes of major trauma patients managed in the Australian Capital Territory. - ANZ journal of surgery
To determine the incidence and characteristics of major traumatic injury treated in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) over a 5-year period.A retrospective analysis of ACT Level 1 Trauma Centre registry data from July 2007 to June 2012 was conducted. Inclusion criteria were: major trauma (Injury Severity Score (ISS) >15), intensive care unit admission, hospital stay >3 days or penetrating injury.There were 931 patients with an ISS >15, a 12.5% increase over the 5-year period (P = 0.003). Unadjusted mortality rates in the ISS >15 group remained stable at 9.9%. About half of all injuries occurred outside the ACT. The largest age group represented was 16-24 years. Road trauma was the most prevalent injury mechanism, but its incidence reduced over the 5-year period (52.2-40.3% [P = 0.005]). There was a 3.1% increase in admissions following violence.The largest demographic affected by major trauma in the ACT and surrounds is young people. Injury prevention should remain focused on road trauma but also target violence and high-risk recreation activities. Further investigation around the circumstances of major traumatic injury in young people is required. Funding and cross-border agreements should be reviewed to minimize financial disadvantage to the ACT.Â© 2014 Royal Australasian College of Surgeons.
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18 N Juniata St H & M Insurance Building Hollidaysburg, PA 16648
1800 N Juniata St
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