1160 El Paseo Rd
Las Cruces NM 88001
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Phylogenetic analysis and molecular dating suggest that Hemidactylus anamallensis is not a member of the Hemidactylus radiation and has an ancient Late Cretaceous origin. - PloS one
BACKGROUND OF THE WORK: The phylogenetic position and evolution of Hemidactylus anamallensis (family Gekkonidae) has been much debated in recent times. In the past it has been variously assigned to genus Hoplodactylus (Diplodactylidae) as well as a monotypic genus 'Dravidogecko' (Gekkonidae). Since 1995, this species has been assigned to Hemidactylus, but there is much disagreement between authors regarding its phylogenetic position within this genus. In a recent molecular study H. anamallensis was sister to Hemidactylus but appeared distinct from it in both mitochondrial and nuclear markers. However, this study did not include genera closely allied to Hemidactylus, thus a robust evaluation of this hypothesis was not undertaken.The objective of this study was to investigate the phylogenetic position of H. anamallensis within the gekkonid radiation. To this end, several nuclear and mitochondrial markers were sequenced from H. anamallensis, selected members of the Hemidactylus radiation and genera closely allied to Hemidactylus. These sequences in conjunction with published sequences were subjected to multiple phylogenetic analyses. Furthermore the nuclear dataset was also subjected to molecular dating analysis to ascertain the divergence between H. anamallensis and related genera.Results showed that H. anamallensis lineage was indeed sister to Hemidactylus group but was separated from the rest of the Hemidactylus by a long branch. The divergence estimates supported a scenario wherein H. anamallensis dispersed across a marine barrier to the drifting peninsular Indian plate in the late Cretaceous whereas Hemidactylus arrived on the peninsular India after the Indian plate collided with the Eurasian plate. Based on these molecular evidence and biogeographical scenario we suggest that the genus Dravidogecko should be resurrected.
Molecular phylogeny of Hemidactylus geckos (Squamata: Gekkonidae) of the Indian subcontinent reveals a unique Indian radiation and an Indian origin of Asian house geckos. - Molecular phylogenetics and evolution
Represented by approximately 85 species, Hemidactylus is one of the most diverse and widely distributed genera of reptiles in the world. In the Indian subcontinent, this genus is represented by 28 species out of which at least 13 are endemic to this region. Here, we report the phylogeny of the Indian Hemidactylus geckos based on mitochondrial and nuclear DNA markers sequenced from multiple individuals of widely distributed as well as endemic congeners of India. Results indicate that a majority of the species distributed in India form a distinct clade whose members are largely confined to the Indian subcontinent thus representing a unique Indian radiation. The remaining Hemidactylus geckos of India belong to two other geographical clades representing the Southeast Asian and West-Asian arid zone species. Additionally, the three widely distributed, commensal species (H. brookii, H. frenatus and H. flaviviridis) are nested within the Indian radiation suggesting their Indian origin. Dispersal-vicariance analysis also supports their Indian origin and subsequent dispersal out-of-India into West-Asian arid zone and Southeast Asia. Thus, Indian subcontinent has served as an important arena for diversification amongst the Hemidactylus geckos and in the evolution and spread of its commensal geckos.Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Rosai-Dorfman disease of the breast in a male: a case report. - Acta cytologica
Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD), or sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy, is a benign, self-limiting disease. In the majority of cases, there is massive and painless lymphadenopathy in any lymph node group but most commonly in the cervical lymph nodes, associated with constitutional symptoms. Extranodal involvement has been reported to occur in almost every organ system, with or without concomitant nodal disease. The breast is a rare site of presentation of this disease.A 35-year-old male presented with a hard, nodular swelling in the lower and outer quadrant of the right breast, with a clinical suspicion of malignancy. A diagnosis of sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy, or RDD, was offered based on the presence of numerous lymphocytes, plasma cells, a few neutrophils and large histiocytes showing emperipolesis in fine needle aspiration smears.Mammary RDD is extremely rare in males. The cytologic features are fairly characteristic and should be considered in the differential diagnosis whenever atypical histiocytes and emperipolesis are encountered in fine needle aspiration smears.
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1160 El Paseo Rd Las Cruces, NM 88001
505 S Main St Suite 249
1160 El Paseo Rd Suite D1
2100 S Triviz Dr Ste H
1395 Missouri Ave