12131 S Apopka Vineland Rd
Orlando FL 32836
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Noncontiguous finished genome sequence and description of Kallipyga gabonensis sp. nov. - New microbes and new infections
Taxonogenomics coupled with culturomics promotes the isolation and characterization of bacteria. Kallipyga gabonensis sp. nov. strain GM4 is a strictly anaerobic, Gram-positive, and non motile coccus isolated from the stool of a Gabonese male teenager. The genome is 1,621,211Â bp long with 50.01% G+C content and two scaffolds. Of the 1,536 predicted genes, 1,475 were protein-coding genes and 61 were RNA genes. A total of 931Â genes were assigned a putative function, and 79 genes were identified as ORFans.
Long chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids increase the efficacy of docetaxel in mammary cancer cells by downregulating Akt and PKCÎµ/Î´-induced ERK pathways. - Biochimica et biophysica acta
Taxanes can induce drug resistance by increasing signaling pathways such as PI3K/Akt and ERK, which promote survival and cell growth in human cancer cells. We have previously shown that long chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, such as docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6n-3) decrease resistance of experimental mammary tumors to anticancer drugs. Our objective was to determine whether DHA could increase tumor sensitivity to docetaxel by down-regulating these survival pathways. In docetaxel-treated MDA-MB-231 cells, phosphorylated-ERK1/2 levels were increased by 60% in membrane and nuclear compartments, compared to untreated cells. Our data showed that ERK1/2 activation depended on PKC activation since: i) enzastaurin (a pan-PKC inhibitor) blocked docetaxel-induced ERK1/2 phosphorylation ii) docetaxel increased PKC activity by 30% and phosphatidic acid level by 1.6-fold iii) inhibition of PKCÎµ and PKCÎ´ by siRNA resulted in reduced phosphorylated ERK1/2 levels. In DHA-supplemented cells, docetaxel was unable to increase PKCÎµ and Î´ levels in membrane and nuclear fractions, resulting in diminished ERK1/2 phosphorylation and increased docetaxel efficacy. Reduced membrane level of PKCÎµ and PKCÎ´ was associated with significant incorporation of DHA in all phospholipids, including phosphatidylcholine which is a major source of phosphatidic acid. Additionally, examination of the Akt pathway showed that DHA could repress docetaxel-induced Ser473Akt phosphorylation. In rat mammary tumors, dietary DHA supplementation during docetaxel chemotherapy repressed ERK and Akt survival pathways and in turn strongly improved taxane efficacy. The P-ERK level was negatively correlated with tumor regression. These findings are of potential clinical importance in treating chemotherapy-refractory cancer.Copyright Â© 2016. Published by Elsevier B.V.
Performance of ultralow-dose CT with iterative reconstruction in lung cancer screening: limiting radiation exposure to the equivalent of conventional chest X-ray imaging. - European radiology
To investigate the detection rate of pulmonary nodules in ultralow-dose CT acquisitions.In this lung phantom study, 232 nodules (115 solid, 117 ground-glass) of different sizes were randomly distributed in a lung phantom in 60 different arrangements. Every arrangement was acquired once with standard radiation dose (100 kVp, 100 references mAs) and once with ultralow radiation dose (80 kVp, 6 mAs). Iterative reconstruction was used with optimized kernels: I30 for ultralow-dose, I70 for standard dose and I50 for CAD. Six radiologists examined the axial 1-mm stack for solid and ground-glass nodules. During a second and third step, three radiologists used maximum intensity projection (MIPs), finally checking with computer-assisted detection (CAD), while the others first used CAD, finally checking with the MIPs.The detection rate was 95.5Â % with standard dose (DLP 126Â mGy*cm) and 93.3Â % with ultralow-dose (DLP: 9Â mGy*cm). The additional use of either MIP reconstructions or CAD software could compensate for this difference. A combination of both MIP reconstructions and CAD software resulted in a maximum detection rate of 97.5Â % with ultralow-dose.Lung cancer screening with ultralow-dose CT using the same radiation dose as a conventional chest X-ray is feasible.â€¢ 93.3Â % of all lung nodules were detected with ultralow-dose CT. â€¢ A sensitivity of 97.5â€‰% is possible with additional image post-processing. â€¢ The radiation dose is comparable to a standard radiography in two planes. â€¢ Lung cancer screening with ultralow-dose CT is feasible.
Genome sequence and description of Mannheimia massilioguelmaensis sp.Â nov. - New microbes and new infections
Strain MG13(T) sp. nov. is the type strain of Mannheimia massilioguelmaensis, a new species within the genus Mannheimia. This strain was isolated from the exudate of a skin lesion of an Algerian man. Mannheimia massilioguelmaensis is a Gram-negative, facultative anaerobic rod, member of the family Pasteurellaceae. Here we describe this organism, together with the complete genome sequence and annotation. The 2Â 186Â 813Â bp long genome contains 2048 protein-coding and 55 RNA genes, including eight rRNA genes.
Development of prilling process for biodegradable microspheres through experimental designs. - International journal of pharmaceutics
The prilling process proposes a microparticle formulation easily transferable to the pharmaceutical production, leading to monodispersed and highly controllable microspheres. PLGA microspheres were used for carrying an encapsulated protein and adhered stem cells on its surface, proposing a tool for regeneration therapy against injured tissue. This work focused on the development of the production of PLGA microspheres by the prilling process without toxic solvent. The required production quality needed a complete optimization of the process. Seventeen parameters were studied through experimental designs and led to an acceptable production. The key parameters and mechanisms of formation were highlighted.Copyright Â© 2015. Published by Elsevier B.V.
Host-Associated Metagenomics: A Guide to Generating Infectious RNA Viromes. - PloS one
Metagenomic analyses have been widely used in the last decade to describe viral communities in various environments or to identify the etiology of human, animal, and plant pathologies. Here, we present a simple and standardized protocol that allows for the purification and sequencing of RNA viromes from complex biological samples with an important reduction of host DNA and RNA contaminants, while preserving the infectivity of viral particles.We evaluated different viral purification steps, random reverse transcriptions and sequence-independent amplifications of a pool of representative RNA viruses. Viruses remained infectious after the purification process. We then validated the protocol by sequencing the RNA virome of human body lice engorged in vitro with artificially contaminated human blood. The full genomes of the most abundant viruses absorbed by the lice during the blood meal were successfully sequenced. Interestingly, random amplifications differed in the genome coverage of segmented RNA viruses. Moreover, the majority of reads were taxonomically identified, and only 7-15% of all reads were classified as "unknown", depending on the random amplification method.The protocol reported here could easily be applied to generate RNA viral metagenomes from complex biological samples of different origins. Our protocol allows further virological characterizations of the described viral communities because it preserves the infectivity of viral particles and allows for the isolation of viruses.
Non-contiguous finished genome sequence and description of Clostridium ihumii sp. nov. - Standards in genomic sciences
Clostridium ihumii strain AP5(T) sp. nov. is a new species within the genus Clostridium. This strain, whose genome is described here, was isolated from the stool sample of a 21-year-old French Caucasian female with anorexia nervosa. C. ihumii is a Gram-positive, anaerobic bacillus. Here we describe the features of this organism, together with the complete genome sequence and annotation. The 4,433,668Â bp long genome contains 4,076 protein-coding and 85 RNA genes, including 9 rRNA genes.
A Metagenomic Investigation of the Duodenal Microbiota Reveals Links with Obesity. - PloS one
Few studies have tested the small intestine microbiota in humans, where most nutrient digestion and absorption occur. Here, our objective was to examine the duodenal microbiota between obese and normal volunteers using metagenomic techniques.We tested duodenal samples from five obese and five normal volunteers using 16S rDNA V6 pyrosequencing and Illumina MiSeq deep sequencing. The predominant phyla of the duodenal microbiota were Firmicutes and Actinobacteria, whereas Bacteroidetes were absent. Obese individuals had a significant increase in anaerobic genera (p < 0.001) and a higher abundance of genes encoding Acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (p = 0.0018) compared to the control group. Obese individuals also had a reduced abundance of genes encoding sucrose phosphorylase (p = 0.015) and 1,4-alpha-glucan branching enzyme (p = 0.05). Normal weight people had significantly increased FabK (p = 0.027), and the glycerophospholipid metabolism pathway revealed the presence of phospholipase A1 only in the control group (p = 0.05).The duodenal microbiota of obese individuals exhibit alterations in the fatty acid and sucrose breakdown pathways, probably induced by diet imbalance.
Myositis Mimics. - Current rheumatology reports
Patients with autoimmune myositis typically present with muscle weakness, elevated serum levels of muscle enzymes, and abnormal muscle biopsies. However, patients with other acquired myopathies or genetic muscle diseases may have remarkably similar presentations. Making the correct diagnosis of another muscle disease can prevent these patients from being exposed to the risks of immunosuppressive medications, which benefit those with myositis, but not those with other types of muscle disease. Here, we review some of the most common acquired and inherited muscle diseases that can mimic autoimmune myositis, including inclusion body myositis, limb girdle muscular dystrophies, metabolic myopathies, mitochondrial myopathies, and endocrine myopathies. We emphasize aspects of the medical history, physical exam, laboratory evaluation, and muscle biopsy analysis that can help clinicians distinguish myositis mimics from true autoimmune myositis.
A Malaysia 97 monovalent foot-and-mouth disease vaccine (>6PD50/dose) protects pigs against challenge with a variant FMDV A SEA-97 lineage virus, 4 and 7 days post vaccination. - Vaccine
Pigs play a significant role during outbreaks of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) due to their ability to amplify the virus. It is therefore essential to determine what role vaccination could play to prevent clinical disease and lower virus excretion into the environment. In this study we investigated the efficacy of the double oil emulsion A Malaysia 97 vaccine (>6PD50/dose) against heterologous challenge with an isolate belonging to the A SEA-97 lineage at 4 and 7 days post vaccination (dpv). In addition, we determined whether physical separation of pigs in the same room could prevent virus transmission. Statistically there was no difference in the level of protection offered by 4 and 7 dpv. However, no clinical disease or viral RNA was detected in the blood of pigs challenged 4 dpv, although three of the pigs had antibodies to the non-structural proteins (NSPs), indicating viral replication. Viral RNA was also detected in nasal and saliva swabs, but on very few occasions. Two of the pigs vaccinated seven days prior to challenge had vesicles distal from the injection site, but on the inoculated foot, and two pigs had viral RNA detected in the blood. One pig sero-converted to the NSPs. In contrast, all unvaccinated and inoculated pigs had evidence of infection. No infection occurred in any of the susceptible pigs in the same room, but separated from the infected pigs, indicating that strict biosecurity measures were sufficient under these experimental conditions to prevent virus transmission. However, viral RNA was detected in the nasal swabs of one group of pigs, but apparently not at sufficient levels to cause clinical disease. Vaccination led to a significant decrease in viral RNA in vaccinated pigs compared to unvaccinated and infected pigs, even with this heterologous challenge, and could therefore be considered as a control option during outbreaks.Copyright Â© 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.
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12131 S Apopka Vineland Rd Orlando, FL 32836
12500 S Apopka Vineland Rd
12500 State Road 535