One Hospital Way Butler Memorial Hospital
Butler PA 16001
Medical School: Other - Unknown
Accepts Medicare: No
Participates In eRX: No
Participates In PQRS: No
Participates In EHR: No
License #: MD 432377
Request Appointment Information
Awards & Recognitions
Medical Malpractice Cases
Medical Board Sanctions
Nanofibrous clinical-grade collagen scaffolds seeded with human cardiomyocytes induces cardiac remodeling in dilated cardiomyopathy. - Biomaterials
Limited data are available on the effects of stem cells in non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). Since the diffuse nature of the disease calls for a broad distribution of cells, this study investigated the scaffold-based delivery of human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (hiPS-CM) in a mouse model of DCM. Nanofibrous scaffolds were produced using a clinical grade atelocollagen which was electrospun and cross-linked under different conditions. As assessed by scanning electron microscopy and shearwave elastography, the optimum crosslinking conditions for hiPS-CM colonization proved to be a 10% concentration of citric acid crosslinking agent and 150Â min of post-electrospinning baking. Acellular collagen scaffolds were first implanted in both healthy mice and those with induced DCM by a cardiac-specific invalidation of serum response factor (SRF). Seven and fourteen days after implantation, the safety of the scaffold was demonstrated by echocardiography and histological assessments. The subsequent step of implantation of the scaffolds seeded with hiPS-CM in DCM induced mice, using cell-free scaffolds as controls, revealed that after fourteen days heart function decreased in controls while it remained stable in the treated mice. This pattern was associated with an increased number of endothelial cells, in line with the greater vascularity of the scaffold. Moreover, a lesser degree of fibrosis consistent with the upregulation of several genes involved in extracellular matrix remodeling was observed. These results support the interest of the proposed hiPS-CM seeded electrospun scaffold for the stabilization of the DCM outcome with potential for its clinical use in the future.Copyright Â© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Mechanical Overloading Increases Maximal Force and Reduces Fragility in Hind Limb Skeletal Muscle from Mdx Mouse. - The American journal of pathology
There is fear that mechanical overloading (OVL; ie, high-force contractions) accelerates Duchenne muscular dystrophy. Herein, we determined whether short-term OVL combined with wheel running, short-term OVL combined with irradiation, and long-term OVL are detrimental for hind limb mdx mouse muscle, a murine model of Duchene muscular dystrophy exhibiting milder dystrophic features. OVL was induced by the surgical ablation of the synergic muscles of the plantaris muscle, a fast muscle susceptible to contraction-induced muscle damage in mdx mice. We found that short-term OVL combined with wheel and long-term OVL did not worsen the deficit in specific maximal force (ie, absolute maximal force normalized to muscle size) and histological markers of muscle damage (percentage of regenerating fibers and fibrosis) in mdx mice. Moreover, long-term OVL did not increase the alteration in calcium homeostasis and did not deplete muscle cell progenitors expressing Pax 7 in mdx mice. Irradiation before short-term OVL, which is believed to inhibit muscle regeneration, was not more detrimental to mdx than control mice. Interestingly, short-term OVL combined with wheel and long-term OVL markedly improved the susceptibility to contraction-induced damage, increased absolute maximal force, induced hypertrophy, and promoted a slower, more oxidative phenotype. Together, these findings indicate that OVL is beneficial to mdx muscle, and muscle regeneration does not mask the potentially detrimental effect of OVL.Copyright Â© 2015 American Society for Investigative Pathology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Distribution and dynamics of Wolbachia infection in Malaysian Aedes albopictus. - Acta tropica
Wolbachia are maternally transmitted bacteria found in most arthropods and nematodes, but little is known about their distribution and reproductive dynamics in the Malaysian dengue vector Aedes albopictus. In this study, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to determine the presence of Wolbachia from field collected Ae. albopictus from various parts of the country using wsp specific primers. Ae. albopictus had Wolbachia infection ranging from 60 to 100%. No sequence diversity of wsp gene was found within all wAlbA and wAlbB sequences. Our findings suggest that Wolbachia infection amongst the Malaysian Ae. albopictus were not homogenously distributed in all districts in Malaysia. The presence of Wolbachia in different organs of Ae. albopictus was also determined. Wolbachia were only found in the ovaries and midguts of the mosquitoes, while absent in the salivary glands. The effects of Wolbachia on Ae. albopictus fecundity, longevity and egg viability were studied using infected and uninfected colonies. The removal of Wolbachia from Ae. albopictus resulted in reduced fecundity, longevity and egg viability, thus. Wolbachia seem to play a vital role in Ae. albopictus reproductive system.Copyright Â© 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Effect of voluntary physical activity initiated at age 7 months on skeletal hindlimb and cardiac muscle function in mdx mice of both genders. - Muscle & nerve
The effects of voluntary activity initiated in adult mdx (C57BL/10ScSc-DMD(mdx) /J) mice on skeletal and cardiac muscle function have not been studied extensively.We studied the effects of 3 months of voluntary wheel running initiated at age 7 months on hindlimb muscle weakness, increased susceptibility to muscle contraction-induced injury, and left ventricular function in mdx mice.We found that voluntary wheel running did not worsen the deficit in force-generating capacity and the force drop after lengthening contractions in either mdx mouse gender. It increased the absolute maximal force of skeletal muscle in female mdx mice. Moreover, it did not affect left ventricular function, structural heart dimensions, cardiac gene expression of inflammation, fibrosis, or remodeling markers.These results indicate that voluntary activity initiated at age 7 months had no detrimental effects on skeletal or cardiac muscles in either mdx mouse gender.Â© 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Intraosseous vascular access in critically ill adults-a review of the literature. - Nursing in critical care
The aim of this literature review is to present a detailed investigation critiquing contemporary practices of intraosseous (IO) vascular access in adult patients. Specific objectives identified led to the exploration of clinical contexts, IO device/s and anatomical sites; education and training requirements; implications and recommendations for emergency health care practice and any requirements for further research.The IO route is an established method of obtaining vascular access in children in acute and emergency situations and is now increasingly being used in adults as an alternative to intravenous access, yet a paucity of evidence exists regarding its use, effectiveness and implementation.An exploratory literature review was undertaken in acknowledgement of the broad and complex nature of the project aim. Five electronic search engines were examined iteratively from June 2013 to February 2014. The search terms were 'intraosseous' and 'adult' which were purposely limited because of the exploratory nature of the review. Studies that met the inclusion criteria of primary research articles with an adult focus were included. Research with a paediatric focus was excluded. Secondary research, reviews, case reports, editorials and opinion papers were excluded.IO vascular access is considered an alternative intravascular access route although debate considering the preferred anatomical site is ongoing. Documented practices are only established in pre-hospital and specialist emergency department settings; however, variety exists in policy and actual practice. Achieving insertion competence is relatively uncomplicated following minimal preparation although ongoing skill maintenance is less clear. IO vascular access is associated with minimal complications although pain is a significant issue for the conscious patient especially during fluid administration.The IO route is clearly a valuable alternative to problematic intravascular access. However, further research, including cost effectiveness reviews, is required to gain clarity of whole acute care approaches.Â© 2015 British Association of Critical Care Nurses.
Long-term functional benefits of human embryonic stem cell-derived cardiac progenitors embedded into a fibrin scaffold. - The Journal of heart and lung transplantation : the official publication of the International Society for Heart Transplantation
Cardiac-committed cells and biomimetic scaffolds independently improve the therapeutic efficacy of stem cells. In this study we tested the long-term effects of their combination.Eighty immune-deficient rats underwent permanent coronary artery ligation. Five to 7 weeks later, those with an echocardiographically measured ejection fraction (EF) â‰¤55% were re-operated on and randomly allocated to receive a cell-free fibrin patch (n = 25), a fibrin patch loaded with 700,000 human embryonic stem cells (ESC) pre-treated to promote early cardiac differentiation (SSEA-1(+) progenitors [n = 30]), or to serve as sham-operated animals (n = 25). Left ventricular function was assessed by echocardiography at baseline and every month thereafter until 4 months. Hearts were then processed for assessment of fibrosis and angiogenesis and a 5-component heart failure score was constructed by integrating the absolute change in left ventricular end-systolic volume (LVESV) between 4 months and baseline, and the quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR)-based expression of natriuretic peptides A and B, myosin heavy chain 7 and periostin. All data were recorded and analyzed in a blinded manner.The cell-treated group consistently yielded better functional outcomes than the sham-operated group (p = 0.002 for EF; p = 0.01 for LVESV). Angiogenesis in the border zone was also significantly greater in the cell-fibrin group (p = 0.006), which yielded the lowest heart failure score (p = 0.04 vs sham). Engrafted progenitors were only detected shortly after transplantation; no grafted cells were identified after 4 months. There was no teratoma identified.A fibrin scaffold loaded with ESC-derived cardiac progenitors resulted in sustained improvement in contractility and attenuation of remodeling without sustained donor cell engraftment. A paracrine effect, possibly on innate reparative responses, is a possible mechanism for this enduring effect.Copyright Â© 2015 International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Investigating the role of GXXXG motifs in helical folding and self-association of plasticins, Gly/Leu-rich antimicrobial peptides. - Biophysical chemistry
Plasticins (PTC) are dermaseptin-related antimicrobial peptides characterized by a large number of leucine and glycine residues arranged in GXXXG motifs that are often described to promote helix association within biological membranes. We report the structure and interaction properties of two plasticins, PTC-B1 from Phyllomedusa bicolor and a cationic analog of PTC-DA1 from Pachymedusa dacnicolor, which exhibit membrane-lytic activities on a broad range of microorganisms. Despite a high number of glycine, CD and NMR spectroscopy show that the two plasticins adopt mainly alpha-helical conformations in a wide variety of environments such as trifluoroethanol, detergent micelles and lipid vesicles. In DPC and SDS, plasticins adopt well-defined helices that lie parallel to the micelle surface, all glycine residues being located on the solvent-exposed face. Spectroscopic data and cross-linking experiments indicate that the GXXXG repeats in these amphipathic helices do not provide a strong oligomerization interface, suggesting a different role from GXXXG motifs found in transmembrane helices.Copyright Â© 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Myofiber androgen receptor promotes maximal mechanical overload-induced muscle hypertrophy and fiber type transition in male mice. - Endocrinology
The first aim of this study was to examine the role of myofiber androgen receptor (AR) in male mice on muscle performance gain and remodeling-induced muscle mechanical overloading (OVL) that mimics resistance training. The response of OVL in mice in which AR is selectively ablated in myofibers (AR(skm-/y)) was compared with that of wild-type (WT) mice. In addition, we determined whether the synthetic anabolic androgen nandrolone administration affects the OVL response. We found that OVL increased absolute maximal force and fatigue resistance in both mouse genotypes (P < .05). However, the absolute maximal force increased more in AR(skm-/y) mice as compared with WT mice (+88% vs +63%) (P < .05). Muscle weight increased less in response to OVL in AR(skm-/y) mice (+54%) than in WT mice (+115%) (P < .05). The fiber number per cross-section similarly increased in both mouse genotypes after OVL (P < .05). In contrast to WT mice, the diameter of the fibers expressing myosin heavy chain (MHC)-2x decreased after OVL in AR(skm-/y) mice (P < .05). The MHC-2b to MHC-2a fiber type transition in response to OVL was reduced in AR(skm-/y) mice as compared with WT mice (P < .05). Finally, nandrolone administration during OVL did not further improve absolute maximal force and fatigue resistance and markedly alter muscle remodeling in both mouse genotypes. Together, our results indicate that myofiber AR is required for a complete response to OVL and that exogenous androgens do not increase muscle performance during intensive remodeling in male mice.
Modified technique of Wolbachia removal from Malaysian Aedes albopictus. - Asian Pacific journal of tropical biomedicine
To develop an artificial and modified Wolbachia removal technique using tetracycline from naturally Wolbachia infected Aedes albopictus (Ae. albopictus) so as to be able to produce generations of Wolbachia free offsprings.In this study, seven different tetracycline treatment methods were conducted to obtain the best removal method. Four methods focused on larvae tetracycline treatment, one method on both larvae and adult tetracycline treatment and the last two methods on adult mosquito sucrose treatment.All larval tetracycline treatments resulted in either high larvae mortality, sterile F0 adult mosquitoes or unsuccessful Wolbachia removal. Treatment of both larvae and adults resulted in reduced larvae mortality, successful Wolbachia removal but slow mosquito fecundity. As for the adult treatment, 1.0 mg/mL as previously published was not able to completely remove Wolbachia in F1 generation whereas 1.25 mg/mL successfully removed Wolbachia from F1 and F2 mosquitoes in 2 weeks.This method is different from the previously published methods as it provides an improved Wolbachia removal technique from Ae. albopictus with high egg hatchability, low larvae mortality, increased fecundity and better Wolbachia removal rate.
Synemin acts as a regulator of signalling molecules during skeletal muscle hypertrophy. - Journal of cell science
Synemin, a type IV intermediate filament (IF) protein, forms a bridge between IFs and cellular membranes. As an A-kinase-anchoring protein, it also provides temporal and spatial targeting of protein kinase A (PKA). However, little is known about its functional roles in either process. To better understand its functions in muscle tissue, we generated synemin-deficient (Synm(-) (/-)) mice. Synm(-) (/-) mice displayed normal development and fertility but showed a mild degeneration and regeneration phenotype in myofibres and defects in sarcolemma membranes. Following mechanical overload, Synm(-) (/-) mice muscles showed a higher hypertrophic capacity with increased maximal force and fatigue resistance compared with control mice. At the molecular level, increased remodelling capacity was accompanied by decreased myostatin (also known as GDF8) and atrogin (also known as FBXO32) expression, and increased follistatin expression. Furthermore, the activity of muscle-mass control molecules (the PKA RIIÎ± subunit, p70S6K and CREB1) was increased in mutant mice. Finally, analysis of muscle satellite cell behaviour suggested that the absence of synemin could affect the balance between self-renewal and differentiation of these cells. Taken together, our results show that synemin is necessary to maintain membrane integrity and regulates signalling molecules during muscle hypertrophy.Â© 2014. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd.
Map & Directions
One Hospital Way Butler Memorial Hospital Butler, PA 16001
901 E Brady St Suite 100