Dr. Stephen  Greenberg  Md image

Dr. Stephen Greenberg Md

2201 Lexington Ave
Ashland KY 41101
606 087-7760
Medical School: Northwestern University Medical School - 1971
Accepts Medicare: Yes
Participates In eRX: Yes
Participates In PQRS: No
Participates In EHR: No
License #: 39563
NPI: 1215975099
Taxonomy Codes:

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Dr. Stephen Greenberg is associated with these group practices

Procedure Pricing

HCPCS Code Description Average Price Average Price
Allowed By Medicare
HCPCS Code:90807 Description:Psytx off 45-50 min w/e&m Average Price:$175.00 Average Price Allowed
By Medicare:
HCPCS Code:90801 Description:Psy dx interview Average Price:$200.00 Average Price Allowed
By Medicare:
HCPCS Code:90862 Description:Medication management Average Price:$60.35 Average Price Allowed
By Medicare:

Medical Malpractice Cases

None Found

Medical Board Sanctions

None Found


Doctor Name
Diagnostic Radiology
Diagnostic Radiology
Diagnostic Radiology
Diagnostic Radiology
*These referrals represent the top 10 that Dr. Greenberg has made to other doctors


Costs of the residency match for fourth-year medical students. - Texas medicine
A vital step in the career of a physician is applying and interviewing for a position in a residency program. Unfortunately, the costs associated with this process are often not anticipated by fourth-year medical students. The authors collected data on these costs from fourth-year medical students in Texas (N=274) during 2012-2013. Results suggested that the average cost of this process was significant (M=$4783). The costs varied greatly, depending on the medical specialty for which the fourth-year medical student applied, with a range exceeding $12,000. Most students (60%) paid for these costs with personal savings. The authors suggest that documentation of the average cost of applying and interviewing for residency would allow future fourth-year medical students to make more accurate financial plans, provide evidence for increased financial need during the final year of medical school, and initiate an evaluation of the current residency match process for cost-saving strategies to decrease the financial burden on students.
Picornavirus, the most common respiratory virus causing infection among patients of all ages hospitalized with acute respiratory illness. - Journal of clinical microbiology
We evaluated the prevalence of respiratory virus infection (RVI) in 403 illnesses of 364 persons hospitalized over a 2-year period with acute respiratory conditions using virus-specific reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR) assays in addition to cell culture and serology. RVIs were identified in >75% of children under 5 years of age and 25 to 37% of adults. The molecular assays doubled the number of infections identified; picornaviruses were the most frequent in patients of all ages, followed by respiratory syncytial virus and influenza viruses.
Update on rhinovirus and coronavirus infections. - Seminars in respiratory and critical care medicine
Rhinoviruses and coronaviruses cause significant morbidity in immunocompetent people of all ages and in patients with underlying chronic medical or immunosuppressed conditions. Newer diagnostic tests, such as polymerase chain reaction (PCR), have expanded our understanding of these respiratory viruses in clinical infections. These sensitive diagnostic tests have been used to describe new members of these virus families, such as human rhinovirus C (HRVC) and human coronavirus NL-63 (HCoV-NL63). The epidemiology of these newly described viruses will help us develop better intervention strategies.© Thieme Medical Publishers.
Rethinking CME: an imperative for academic medicine and faculty development. - Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
To help address the clinical care gap, a working group discussed the future of faculty development in academic medicine, explored problems within the large, current enterprise devoted to continuing medical education (CME), and described four domains core to its revitalization and reformation. These domains are (1) preparing and supporting an engaged clinician-learner, (2) improving the quality of knowledge or evidence shared, (3) enhancing the means by which to disseminate and implement that knowledge and evidence, and (4) reforming the patient, health care, and regulatory systems in and for which the process of CME exists. Reshaping these domains requires the consideration of a more seamless, evidence-based, and patient-oriented continuum of medical education. Revitalizing CME also requires the full engagement of the academic medical community and its faculty. To achieve the goal of creating a new, more effective, seamless process of CME, the working group recommended an active faculty development process to develop strong clinician-learners, strong involvement of academic health center leaders, the development of an educational home for clinician-learners, and a meaningful national conversation on the subject of CME.© by the Association of American Medical Colleges.
Human rhinovirus proteinase 2A induces TH1 and TH2 immunity in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. - The Journal of allergy and clinical immunology
Tobacco-related lung diseases, including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), are major causes of lung-related disability and death worldwide. Acute exacerbation of COPD (AE-COPD) is commonly associated with upper and lower respiratory tract viral infections and can result in respiratory failure in those with advanced lung disease.We sought to determine the mechanism underlying COPD exacerbation and host response to pathogen-derived factors.Over a 24-month period, we assessed the viral causes for upper and lower respiratory tract infections in patients with COPD (n = 155) and control subjects (n = 103). We collected nasal and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and peripheral blood under baseline and exacerbated conditions. We determined the effect of human rhinovirus (HRV) proteinases on T-cell activation in human subjects and mice.HRVs are isolated from nasal and lung fluid from subjects with AE-COPD. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and CD4 T cells from patients with COPD exhibited a T(H)1 and T(H)2 cell cytokine phenotype during acute infection. HRV-encoded proteinase 2A activated monocyte-derived dendritic cells in vitro and induced strong T(H)1 and T(H)2 immune responses from CD4 T cells. Intranasal administration of recombinant rhinovirus proteinase 2A in mice resulted in an increase in airway hyperreactivity, lung inflammation, and IL-4 and IFN-gamma production from CD4 T cells.Our findings suggest that patients with severe COPD show T(H)1- and T(H)2-biased responses during AE-COPD. HRV-encoded proteinase 2A, like other microbial proteinases, could provide a T(H)1- and T(H)2-biasing adjuvant factor during upper and lower respiratory tract infection in patients with severe COPD. Alteration of the immune response to secreted viral proteinases might contribute to worsening of dyspnea and respiratory failure in patients with COPD.Copyright (c) 2010 American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
The great contribution: Index Medicus, Index-Catalogue, and IndexCat. - Journal of the Medical Library Association : JMLA
The systematic indexing of medical literature by the Library of the Surgeon-General's Office (now the National Library of Medicine) has been called "America's greatest contribution to medical knowledge." In the 1870s, the library launched two indexes: the Index Medicus and the Index-Catalogue of the Library of the Surgeon-General's Office. Index Medicus is better remembered today as the forerunner of MEDLINE, but Index Medicus began as the junior partner of what the library saw as its major publication, the Index-Catalogue. However, the Index-Catalogue had been largely overlooked by many medical librarians until 2004, when the National Library of Medicine released IndexCat, the online version of Index-Catalogue. Access to this huge amount of material raised new questions: What was the coverage of the Index-Catalogue? How did it compare and overlap with the Index Medicus?Over 1,000 randomly generated Index Medicus citations were cross-referenced in IndexCat.Inclusion, form, content, authority control, and subject headings were evaluated, revealing that the relationship between the two publications was neither simple nor static through time. In addition, the authors found interesting anomalies that shed light on how medical literature was selected and indexed in "America's greatest contribution to medical knowledge."
Rhinovirus and coronavirus infections. - Seminars in respiratory and critical care medicine
Rhinoviruses and coronaviruses cause the majority of common colds and play a part in more serious respiratory illnesses that lead to increased morbidity and mortality. Patients who are infants or elderly, have asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), or are immunosuppressed have increased frequency of rhinovirus-related respiratory complications. Newer diagnostic tests such as reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) have greatly expanded our understanding of the importance of these respiratory viruses. Although there are no currently approved antiviral agents for clinical use, our increased understanding of the virus-host interaction should lead to new intervention strategies.
Serving our colleagues: reference and history of medicine services from the National Library of Medicine. - Medical reference services quarterly
Most biomedical librarians are frequent users of the major online services provided by the National Library of Medicine (NLM), part of the National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, Maryland. These services include MEDLINE/PubMed, MedlinePlus,, PubMed Central, document delivery, and other key biomedical resources. This article highlights less well-known services from reference, to historical information, to training and other services which librarians may not be aware the NLM offers to them. NLM encourages librarians to consider that NLM's unique and unsurpassed collection can help when local resources may be too limited to serve the needs of their patrons. doi:10.1300/J115v26n01_07.
Hurricane Katrina: medical response at the Houston Astrodome/Reliant Center Complex. - Southern medical journal
On September 1, 2005, with only 12 hours notice, various collaborators established a medical facility--the Katrina Clinic--at the Astrodome/Reliant Center Complex in Houston. By the time the facility closed roughly two weeks later, the Katrina Clinic medical staff had seen over 11,000 of the estimated 27,000 Hurricane Katrina evacuees who sought shelter in the Complex. Herein, we describe the scope of this medical response, citing our major challenges, successes, and recommendations for conducting similar efforts in the future.
Successful ceftriaxone therapy of endocarditis due to penicillin non-susceptible viridans streptococci. - The Journal of infection
Viridans streptococci are a major cause of infective endocarditis, and penicillin non-susceptibility is increasing in these organisms. We present the initial reported case of infective endocarditis due to penicillin non-susceptible viridans streptococci successfully treated with ceftriaxone monotherapy. The lack of evidence supporting the recommendations for treatment of endocarditis due to penicillin non-susceptible viridans streptococci is discussed.

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2201 Lexington Ave Ashland, KY 41101
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