Dr. Neal  Shah  Md image

Dr. Neal Shah Md

2510 30Th Ave Dept Of Anesthesiology
Long Island City NY 11102
800 274-4470
Medical School: Other - Unknown
Accepts Medicare: No
Participates In eRX: No
Participates In PQRS: No
Participates In EHR: No
License #: 256471
NPI: 1164663332
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Effect of Intravenous Acetaminophen on Postoperative Opioid Use in Bariatric Surgery Patients. - P & T : a peer-reviewed journal for formulary management
The use of opioids to achieve adequate pain relief following surgery is a common clinical practice. Opioids, however, are associated with serious adverse effects, such as respiratory depression, excessive sedation, and prolonged ileus, as well as increased mortality. The administration of intravenous (IV) acetaminophen to control postoperative pain has been effective in reducing opioid consumption in various surgical populations, but no studies have been conducted in bariatric surgery patients. This investigation was performed to determine whether IV acetaminophen reduces opioid requirements after bariatric surgery.IV acetaminophen was added to the Winthrop-University Hospital formulary in September 2012. We conducted a retrospective chart-review analysis of bariatric surgery patients who received at least four doses of IV acetaminophen (1 g every six hours) plus opioids from October 2012 to March 2013 (after IV acetaminophen was added to the hospital formulary), compared with bariatric surgery patients who received only opioids for postoperative pain control from January 2012 to June 2012 (before IV acetaminophen was added to the hospital formulary). The study's primary endpoint was the difference between the two groups in opioid consumption, expressed in oral morphine equivalents (OMEs). Secondary endpoints included the reduction in the baseline pain score; the total amount of each opioid used; and the average hospital length of stay (LOS).A total of 96 patients were identified for potential enrollment from January 2012 to March 2013. Eight patients, however, did not qualify for participation because they had received only one dose of IV acetaminophen. The remaining 88 patients comprised two study groups: IV acetaminophen plus opiates (n = 44) and IV opiates alone (n = 44). Paradoxically, the patients in the acetaminophen/opiates group required significantly more opiates (in OMEs) compared with the group that received opiates alone (median, 93.5 mg versus 63.0 mg, respectively; P = 0.017). There were no significant differences between the two treatment groups in terms of the median change from baseline in pain scores (-4 versus -4; P = 0.162) or the median hospital LOS (two days versus two days; P = 0.704).IV acetaminophen did not reduce opioid use for postoperative pain management in bariatric surgery patients.
Multimodal Versus Patient-Controlled Analgesia After an Anterior Cervical Decompression and Fusion. - Spine
Retrospective analysis of a prospectively maintained surgical registry.To compare postoperative narcotic consumption between multimodal analgesia (MMA) and patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) after an anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF).Studies suggest that a multimodal approach to pain management leads to decreased pain and morphine consumption after total joint arthroplasty and lumbar spinal procedures. Patients and surgeons would benefit from knowing whether a multimodal approach to pain management is superior to PCA for ACDF.A retrospective cohort study of ACDF patients receiving either MMA or PCA was conducted. Inpatient narcotic consumption, pain scores, nausea/vomiting, hospital length of stay, and narcotic dependence during the months after surgery were compared between MMA and PCA.A total of 239 patients met inclusion criteria. Of these, 55 (23.0%) received MMA and 184 (77.0%) received PCA. Patients who received MMA had a lower rate of inpatient narcotic consumption (2.5 OME/h vs. 5.8 OME/h, P < 0.001) were less likely to experience nausea/vomiting during the hospitalization (5.5% vs. 37.5%, P < 0.001), and had a shorter hospital length of stay (27.3 vs. 40.1 h, P < 0.001). However, there was no difference between groups in mean visual analogue pain scale during postoperative day zero (4.7 for MMA vs. 5.2 for PCA, P = 0.126) or during postoperative day one (4.1 for MMA vs. 4.1 for PCA, P = 0.937). In addition, there was no difference in the rate of narcotic dependence at the first (P = 0.626) or second (P = 0.480) postoperative visits.These data suggest that MMA results in lower narcotic consumption than PCA after an ACDF. This difference is associated with a shorter inpatient stay and a decrease in postoperative nausea/vomiting. Critically, MMA and PCA appear to provide similar postoperative analgesia.3.
Scapular Winging: Evaluation and Treatment: AAOS Exhibit Selection. - The Journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume
Scapular winging is a rare, underreported, and debilitating disorder that produces abnormal scapulothoracic kinematics, which can lead to shoulder weakness, decreased range of motion, and substantial pain. Although there are numerous underlying etiologies, injuries to the long thoracic nerve or spinal accessory nerve are the most common, with resultant neuromuscular imbalance in the scapulothoracic stabilizing muscles. Early diagnosis followed by initiation of a treatment algorithm is important for successful outcomes. Most cases resolve with nonsurgical management. However, in patients with persistent symptoms despite nonsurgical management, appropriate dynamic muscle transfers can effectively treat the scapular winging, with good clinical outcomes.Copyright © 2015 by The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Incorporated.
The Impact and Pathophysiologic Consequences of Coronary Artery Calcium Deposition in Percutaneous Coronary Interventions. - The Journal of invasive cardiology
The presence of coronary artery calcium is indicative of advanced coronary artery disease and is a predictor of clinical events including stroke, myocardial infarction, and cardiac arrest. Recognition of the risk factors and the clinical implications associated with coronary artery calcium is vital in identifying both preventative measures as well as treatment options. Non-invasive and invasive strategies can help quantify these calcified lesions and aid in appropriate patient selection for possible use of atheroablative devices. While mild to moderately calcified lesions can be predilated with balloon angioplasty, severely calcified vessels may be resistant to adequate predilatation and preclude stent delivery and optimal expansion, potentially increasing the risk of early and late complications. The use of atherectomy devices is an invaluable treatment option for these complex lesions, given the ability for plaque modification and changing the compliance of heavily calcified vessels, increasing procedural success rates.
Monocyte Traffic, Dorsal Root Ganglion Histopathology, and Loss of Intraepidermal Nerve Fiber Density in SIV Peripheral Neuropathy. - The American journal of pathology
HIV-associated sensory neuropathy remains the most common neurological complication of HIV infection and is characterized by dorsal root ganglion (DRG) inflammation and intraepidermal nerve fiber density (IENFD) loss. Chronic peripheral immune cell activation and accumulation may cause damage to the DRG, but has not been fully investigated yet. By using an SIV-infected, CD8-lymphocyte-depleted rhesus macaque model, we defined immune cells surrounding DRG neurons and their role in DRG pathology, measured cell traffic from the bone marrow to the DRGs using 5-bromo-2-deoxyuridine (BrdU) pulse, and serially measured IENFD. We found an increase in CD68(+) and CD163(+) macrophages in DRGs of SIV-infected animals. MAC387(+) recently recruited monocytes/macrophages were increased, along with BrdU(+) cells, in the DRGs of SIV-infected macaques. We demonstrated that 78.1% of all BrdU(+) cells in DRGs were also MAC387(+). The number of BrdU(+) monocytes correlated with severe DRG histopathology, which included neuronophagia, neuronal loss, and Nageotte nodules. These data demonstrate that newly recruited MAC387(+)BrdU(+) macrophages may play a significant role in DRG pathogenesis. IENFD decreased early (day 21), consistent with the development of sensory neuropathy in SIV-infected macaques. Decreased IENFD was associated with elevated BrdU(+) cells in the DRG. These data suggest that increased recruitment of macrophages to DRG is associated with severe DRG histopathology and IENFD loss.Copyright © 2015 American Society for Investigative Pathology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Glucarpidase (voraxaze), a carboxypeptidase enzyme for methotrexate toxicity. - P & T : a peer-reviewed journal for formulary management
Glucarpidase (Voraxaze) for methotrexate toxicity.
Role of alvimopan (entereg) in gastrointestinal recovery and hospital length of stay after bowel resection. - P & T : a peer-reviewed journal for formulary management
Postoperative ileus (POI) can delay gastrointestinal (GI) recovery after bowel resection. Alvimopan (Entereg), a peripherally acting mu-opioid receptor antagonist, is thought to favorably reduce various outcome measures such as the length of stay (LOS) and time from surgery to hospital discharge following partial-bowel, large-bowel, or small-bowel resection surgery with primary anastomosis. We undertook a study to compare these outcome measures in alvimopan-treated patients undergoing laparoscopic or open-bowel resection against a control group. We also sought to determine whether any other factors-Diagnosis-Related Group (DRG) status, complications, inflammatory bowel disease, type of surgery, age, sex, intestinal cancer, diverticular disease, number of chronic conditions, and operative time-were predictive of a more favorable (shorter) time to GI recovery.Patients' charts were retrospectively reviewed at a large 591-bed teaching hospital in suburban New York City between June and August 2010. We applied descriptive statistics for five outcome variables to compare alvimopan-treated patients with non-users. The main outcome variable was the time from surgery to hospital discharge. Secondary outcome variables were the time to pass gas, time to a liquid diet, time to a solid diet, and total LOS. We compared the outcome variables for three groups of DRG codes (329, the most complicated cases; 330, intermediate; and 331, least complicated) to determine which variables influenced these outcome measures. Multivariate analysis with stepwise multiple linear regression analysis was performed to determine independent predictors of shorter times of outcome variables.Of 80 patients, 43 received alvimopan (53.75%), and 37 (46.25%) did not. The female-to-male ratio was about 50:50 (56.25% vs. 43.75%). The mean age (standard deviation) was 66.0 (14.9) years (range, 30-92 years). In the multivariate analysis (adjusted for demographics, DRG status, type of surgery, complications, comorbidities, and operative time), for all of our outcome variables (except for time to a liquid diet), patients receiving alvimopan had shorter times to GI recovery (about 25% less) than controls did (p < 0.05). DRG status, complications, inflammatory bowel disease, type of surgery, and age were also significantly predictive of one or more outcome variables, whereas sex, intestinal cancer, diverticular disease, the number of chronic conditions, and operative time were not predictive of any outcomes.GI recovery times were generally shorter for alvimopan-treated patients than for those who did not receive the study drug (P < 0.05). Alvimopan improved quality of life and reduced the cost of surgical care. This medication was considered to be a good choice for the perioperative management of patients requiring segmental bowel resection with primary anastomosis.
Oral Health-related quality of life in pediatric patients with cystic fibrosis. - Special care in dentistry : official publication of the American Association of Hospital Dentists, the Academy of Dentistry for the Handicapped, and the American Society for Geriatric Dentistry
To compare the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of 8- to 12-year-old children and 13- to 17-year-old adolescents diagnosed with cystic fibrosis (CF).Participants were recruited from a Midwest CF center. Parents provided demographic information and their assessment of the child's health. Patients completed the Child Oral Health Impact Profile (COHIP).Thirty-nine child-parent pairs participated. Fifty four percent of the patients were male, 87% Caucasian, and 56% adolescent, with 66% of families reporting an annual income of over $100,000. Excellent or very good health, including oral health, was reported by 67% of the patients. Individuals taking 10 or more medications reported better OHRQoL while Caucasians reported better oral health and total scores than other races. Adolescents had poorer total COHIP, social-emotional well-being, and self-image scores.Although most patients reported good or excellent oral health, adolescents reported a poorer OHRQoL than younger patients.© 2016 Special Care Dentistry Association and Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Characterization of passive permeability at the blood-tumor barrier in five preclinical models of brain metastases of breast cancer. - Clinical & experimental metastasis
The blood-brain barrier (BBB) is compromised in brain metastases, allowing for enhanced drug permeation into brain. The extent and heterogeneity of BBB permeability in metastatic lesions is important when considering the administration of chemotherapeutics. Since permeability characteristics have been described in limited experimental models of brain metastases, we sought to define these changes in five brain-tropic breast cancer cell lines: MDA-MB-231BR (triple negative), MDA-MB-231BR-HER2, JIMT-1-BR3, 4T1-BR5 (murine), and SUM190 (inflammatory HER2 expressing). Permeability was assessed using quantitative autoradiography and fluorescence microscopy by co-administration of the tracers (14)C-aminoisobutyric acid (AIB) and Texas red conjugated dextran prior to euthanasia. Each experimental brain metastases model produced variably increased permeability to both tracers; additionally, the magnitude of heterogeneity was different among each model with the highest ranges observed in the SUM190 (up to 45-fold increase in AIB) and MDA-MB-231BR-HER2 (up to 33-fold in AIB) models while the lowest range was observed in the JIMT-1-BR3 (up to 5.5-fold in AIB) model. There was no strong correlation observed between lesion size and permeability in any of these preclinical models of brain metastases. Interestingly, the experimental models resulting in smaller mean metastases size resulted in shorter median survival while models producing larger lesions had longer median survival. These findings strengthen the evidence of heterogeneity in brain metastases of breast cancer by utilizing five unique experimental models and simultaneously emphasize the challenges of chemotherapeutic approaches to treat brain metastases.
Combination of Eribulin and Aurora A inhibitor MLN8237 prevents metastatic colonization and induces cytotoxic autophagy in breast cancer. - Molecular cancer therapeutics
Recent findings suggest that the inhibition of Aurora A (AURKA) kinase may offer a novel treatment strategy against metastatic cancers. In the current study, we determined the effects of AURKA inhibition by the small molecule inhibitor MLN8237 both as a monotherapy and in combination with the microtubule targeting drug eribulin on different stages of metastasis in triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) and defined the potential mechanism of its action. MLN8237 as a single agent and in combination with eribulin affected multiple steps in the metastatic process including migration, attachment, and proliferation in distant organs, resulting in suppression of metastatic colonization and recurrence of cancer. Eribulin application induces accumulation of active AURKA in TNBC cells providing foundation for the combination therapy. Mechanistically, AURKA inhibition induced cytotoxic autophagy via activation of the LC3B/p62 axis and inhibition of pAKT, leading to eradication of metastases, but has no effect on growth of mammary tumor. Combination of MLN8237 with eribulin leads to a synergistic increase in apoptosis in mammary tumors, as well as cytotoxic autophagy in metastases. This preclinical data provides a new understanding of the mechanisms by which MLN8237 mediates its anti-metastatic effects and advocates for its combination with eribulin in future clinical trials for metastatic breast cancer and early stage solid tumors.Copyright {copyright, serif}2016, American Association for Cancer Research.

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