Dr. Christopher  Stronczak  Md image

Dr. Christopher Stronczak Md

160 Allen St
Rutland VT 05701
802 757-7111
Medical School: Other - Unknown
Accepts Medicare: No
Participates In eRX: No
Participates In PQRS: No
Participates In EHR: No
License #: 1134140130
NPI: 1134140130
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Uniaxial strain redistribution in corrugated graphene - clamping, sliding, friction and 2D band splitting. - Nano letters
Graphene is a promising material for strain engineering based on its excellent flexibility and elastic properties, coupled with very high electrical mobility. In order to implement strain devices, it is important to understand and control the clamping of graphene to its support. Here we investigate the limits of the strong van der Waals interaction on friction clamping. We find that the friction of graphene on a SiO2 substrate can support a maximum local strain gradient, and that higher strain gradients result in sliding and strain redistribution. Furthermore, the friction decreases with increasing strain. The system used is graphene placed over a nanoscale SiO2 grating, causing strain and local strain variations. We use a combination of Atomic Force Microscopy and Raman scattering to determine the friction coefficient, after accounting for compression and accidental charge doping, and model the local strain variation within the laser spot size. By using uniaxial strain aligned to a high crystal symmetry direction, we also determine the 2D Raman Grüneisen parameter and deformation potential in the zigzag direction.
Constraints on the pMSSM, AMSB model and on other models from the search for long-lived charged particles in proton-proton collisions at [Formula: see text]. - The European physical journal. C, Particles and fields
Stringent limits are set on the long-lived lepton-like sector of the phenomenological minimal supersymmetric standard model (pMSSM) and the anomaly-mediated supersymmetry breaking (AMSB) model. The limits are derived from the results presented in a recent search for long-lived charged particles in proton-proton collisions, based on data collected by the CMS detector at a centre-of-mass energy of 8 TeV at the Large Hadron Collider. In the pMSSM parameter sub-space considered, 95.9 % of the points predicting charginos with a lifetime of at least 10 ns are excluded. These constraints on the pMSSM are the first obtained at the LHC. Charginos with a lifetime greater than 100 ns and masses up to about 800 GeV in the AMSB model are also excluded. The method described can also be used to set constraints on other models.
Discovery and optimization of a highly efficacious class of 5-aryl-2-aminopyridines as FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3) inhibitors. - Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters
Based on a putative binding mode of quizartinib (AC220, 1), a potent FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3) inhibitor in Phase III clinical development, we have designed de novo a simpler aminopyridine-based hinge binding motif. Further optimization focusing on maximizing in vivo efficacy and minimizing CYP3A4 time-dependent inhibition resulted in a highly efficacious compound (6s) in tumor xenograft model for further preclinical development.Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Stereo Photo Measured ONH Shape Predicts Development of POAG in Subjects With Ocular Hypertension. - Investigative ophthalmology & visual science
To identify objective, quantitative optic nerve head (ONH) structural features and model the contributions of glaucoma.Baseline stereoscopic optic disc images of 1635 glaucoma-free participants at risk for developing primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) were collected as part of the Ocular Hypertension Treatment Study. A stereo correspondence algorithm designed for fundus images was applied to extract the three-dimensional (3D) information about the ONH. Principal component analysis was used to identify ONH 3D structural features and the contributions of demographic features, clinical variables, and disease were modeled using linear regression and linear component analysis. The computationally identified features were evaluated based on associations with glaucoma and ability to predict which participants would develop POAG.The computationally identified features were significantly associated with future POAG, POAG-related demographics (age, ethnicity), and clinical measurements (horizontal and vertical cup-to-disc ratio, central corneal thickness, and refraction). Models predicting future POAG development using the OHTS baseline data and STEP features achieved an AUC of 0.722 in cross-validation testing. This was a significant improvement over using only demographics (age, sex, and ethnicity), which had an AUC of 0.599.Methods for identifying objective, quantitative measurements of 3D ONH structure were developed using a large dataset. The identified features were significantly associated with POAG and POAG-related variables. Further, these features increased predictive model accuracy in predicting future POAG. The results indicate that the computationally identified features might be useful in POAG early screening programs or as endophenotypes to investigate POAG genetics.
Distributions of topological observables in inclusive three- and four-jet events in pp collisions at [Formula: see text][Formula: see text]. - The European physical journal. C, Particles and fields
This paper presents distributions of topological observables in inclusive three- and four-jet events produced in pp collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 7[Formula: see text] with a data sample collected by the CMS experiment corresponding to a luminosity of 5.1[Formula: see text]. The distributions are corrected for detector effects, and compared with several event generators based on two- and multi-parton matrix elements at leading order. Among the considered calculations, MadGraph interfaced with pythia6 displays the overall best agreement with data.
Evidence for Collective Multiparticle Correlations in p-Pb Collisions. - Physical review letters
The second-order azimuthal anisotropy Fourier harmonics, v_{2}, are obtained in p-Pb and PbPb collisions over a wide pseudorapidity (η) range based on correlations among six or more charged particles. The p-Pb data, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35  nb^{-1}, were collected during the 2013 LHC p-Pb run at a nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energy of 5.02  TeV by the CMS experiment. A sample of semiperipheral PbPb collision data at sqrt[s_{NN}]=2.76  TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 2.5  μb^{-1} and covering a similar range of particle multiplicities as the p-Pb data, is also analyzed for comparison. The six- and eight-particle cumulant and the Lee-Yang zeros methods are used to extract the v_{2} coefficients, extending previous studies of two- and four-particle correlations. For both the p-Pb and PbPb systems, the v_{2} values obtained with correlations among more than four particles are consistent with previously published four-particle results. These data support the interpretation of a collective origin for the previously observed long-range (large Δη) correlations in both systems. The ratios of v_{2} values corresponding to correlations including different numbers of particles are compared to theoretical predictions that assume a hydrodynamic behavior of a p-Pb system dominated by fluctuations in the positions of participant nucleons. These results provide new insights into the multiparticle dynamics of collision systems with a very small overlapping region.
Effect of Exercise on Pulmonary Function Tests in Obese Malaysian Patients. - La Clinica terapeutica
Obesity has taken the 21st century by storm, posing negative effects on of the various facades of health, healthcare and global economy. With regards to pulmonary performance, numerous studies have proven the detrimental effects of obesity while reinstating the positive effects of weight loss on overall pulmonary function. However, effects of exercise on pulmonary function and correlation between changes in pulmonary function test with weight loss have yet to be described. We performed a prospective interventional study to determine the effects of regular exercise on Pulmonary Function Tests (PFT) and ascertain the relationship between weight loss and change in PFT in obese patients.Twenty-five obese patients were enrolled, giving an 80% power of study. Baseline weight and PFT consisting of FEV1, FVC, TLC, mean ERV and VC were recorded prior to commencement of the 8 week long Standard Exercise Regimen (SER). PFT and weight were recorded again at the end of 8 weeks.All parameters of the PFT studied improved significantly with exercise. The participants lost an average of 1kg of body weight post-exercise (p<0.0005). The correlations between mean changes in weight and PFT were negligible.A period of supervised regular exercise improves the pulmonary function of obese patients and this improvement is independent of the amount of weight loss. Hence, SER should be recommended to all obese patients, especially when bariatric surgery is desired.
Constraints on parton distribution functions and extraction of the strong coupling constant from the inclusive jet cross section in pp collisions at [Formula: see text][Formula: see text]. - The European physical journal. C, Particles and fields
The inclusive jet cross section for proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 7[Formula: see text] was measured by the CMS Collaboration at the LHC with data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 5.0[Formula: see text]. The measurement covers a phase space up to 2[Formula: see text] in jet transverse momentum and 2.5 in absolute jet rapidity. The statistical precision of these data leads to stringent constraints on the parton distribution functions of the proton. The data provide important input for the gluon density at high fractions of the proton momentum and for the strong coupling constant at large energy scales. Using predictions from perturbative quantum chromodynamics at next-to-leading order, complemented with electroweak corrections, the constraining power of these data is investigated and the strong coupling constant at the Z boson mass [Formula: see text] is determined to be [Formula: see text], which is in agreement with the world average.
The enigmatic nodding syndrome outbreak in northern Uganda: an analysis of the disease burden and national response strategies. - Health policy and planning
To date, the cause of nodding syndrome (NS) remains unknown; however, efforts continue to establish risk factors and optimal symptomatic treatments. We documented the burden and national response strategies including involvement of key stakeholders in the management of the NS epidemic in order to inform future interventions against epidemics of undetermined aetiology. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews with selected leaders in the affected districts and at the Ministry of Health, and through review of documents. We participated in and analysed the proceedings of the first international scientific conference on NS held in Kampala in August 2012. We then analysed the chronology of the NS notification and the steps undertaken in the response plan. Over 3000 children have been affected by NS in northern Uganda; with an estimated case fatality of 6.7%. The first cases of NS were reported in 1997 in internally displaced people's camps in Kitgum district; however, response efforts by the Ministry of Health and partners towards understanding the disorder and establish management only commenced in 2009. Key strategies in response to the NS epidemic have included formation of a national and district task forces, development of training manual on NS and training of primary healthcare professionals on case diagnosis and clinical management, establishment of treatment and rehabilitation centres, surveillance and promotion of researches to further inform management of the syndrome.© The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For permissions, please email:
Early insertion of a malleable penile prosthesis in ischaemic priapism allows later upsizing of the cylinders. - Scandinavian journal of urology
Early insertion of a penile prosthesis in prolonged ischaemic priapism is easier to perform than late prosthesis placement, and preserves the penile length. The aim of this study was to assess whether a delayed exchange to an inflatable implant allows upsizing of the cylinders in patients who have undergone early insertion for refractory ischaemic priapism.Over a 30 month period, 10 patients with ischaemic priapism underwent an early insertion of a malleable penile prosthesis. The mean age was 41.3 years and the mean duration of priapism was 188 h. Following a median period of 130.5 days, all of these patients underwent exchange of the malleable to an inflatable prosthesis.At the time of penile implant exchange, a median upsize in the length of the cylinders of 1 cm in either one or both corporal bodies (range 0-3 cm) was recorded. Five patients had deliberate downsizing at the initial operation owing to a previous shunt. The mean score on the five-item International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-5) before insertion of the malleable prosthesis was 24 (range 20-25). Three months after the initial insertion of a malleable penile implant the satisfaction rate according to the IIEF-5 score was 80%. Three months after the exchange, the patient satisfaction rate increased to 90%.Insertion of a malleable penile prosthesis is an acceptable option for patients with refractory ischaemic priapism. Although some patients deliberately have a shorter implant inserted initially owing to a previous distal shunt procedure, following a period of resolution the cylinders can be upsized at a later operation.

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