1501 N Campbell Ave
Tucson AZ 85724
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Theory and New Applications of Ex Situ Lift Out. - Microscopy and microanalysis : the official journal of Microscopy Society of America, Microbeam Analysis Society, Microscopical Society of Canada
The ex situ lift out (EXLO) adhesion forces are reviewed and new applications of EXLO for focused ion beam (FIB)-prepared specimens are described. EXLO is used to manipulate electron transparent specimens on microelectromechanical systems carrier devices designed for in situ electron microscope analysis. A new patented grid design without a support film is described for EXLO. This new slotted grid design provides a surface for holding the specimen in place and also allows for post lift out processing. Specimens may be easily manipulated into a backside orientation to reduce FIB curtaining artifacts with this slotted grid. Large EXLO specimens can be manipulated from Xe+ plasma FIB prepared specimens. Finally, applications of EXLO and manipulation of FIB specimens using a vacuum probe lift out method are shown. The vacuum probe provides more control for placing specimens on the new slotted grids and also allows for easy manipulation into a backside configuration.
Female college student awareness of exposures to environmental toxins in personal care products and their effect on preconception health. - Workplace health & safety
This research study investigated college women's usage of personal care products and their views on health effects from exposures during the preconception period. Many personal care products and cosmetics contain chemical ingredients that have been known to disrupt human endocrine and neurological systems, and contribute to infertility and adverse birth outcomes. Seventy-two female college students from a single, medium-sized university campus completed a researcher-developed questionnaire. Findings provide insight into the daily exposures young women experience during their reproductive years. Results can inform occupational and environmental health nurses about the personal daily exposures of young women when conducting risk assessments in the workplace or at a school, and can aid in developing interventions that support the environmental health of employees or future employees.Â© 2015 The Author(s).
Theme-based teaching of point-of-care ultrasound in undergraduate medical education. - Internal and emergency medicine
A handful of medical schools have developed formal curricula to teach medical students point-of-care ultrasound; however, no ideal method has been proposed. The purpose of this study was to assess an innovative theme-based ultrasound educational model for undergraduate medical education. This was a single-center cross-sectional study conducted at an academic medical center. The study participants were 95 medical students with minimal or no ultrasound experience during their third year of training. The educational theme for the ultrasound session was "The evaluation of patients involved in motor vehicle collisions." This educational theme was carried out during all components of the 1-day event called SonoCamp: asynchronous learning, the didactic lecture, the skills stations, the team case challenge and the individual challenge stations. Assessment consisted of a questionnaire, team case challenge, and individual challenges. A total of 89 of 95 (94 %) students who participated in SonoCamp responded, and 92 % (87 of 95) completed the entire questionnaire before and after the completion of SonoCamp. Ninety-nine percent (95 % CI, 97-100 %) agreed that training at skill stations helped solidify understanding of point-of-care ultrasound. Ninety-two percent (95 % CI, 86-98 %) agreed that theme-based learning is an engaging learning style for point-of-care ultrasound. All students agreed that having a team exercise is an engaging way to learn point-of-care ultrasound; and of the 16 groups, the average score on the case-based questions was 82 % (SD + 28). The 1-day, theme-based ultrasound educational event was an engaging learning technique at our institution which lacks undergraduate medical education ultrasound curriculum.
A systematic literature review of emotion regulation measurement in individuals with autism spectrum disorder. - Autism research : official journal of the International Society for Autism Research
Emotion regulation (ER) difficulties are a potential common factor underlying the presentation of multiple emotional and behavioral problems in individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). To provide an overview of how ER has been studied in individuals with ASD, we conducted a systematic review of the past 20 years of ER research in the ASD population, using established keywords from the most comprehensive ER literature review of the typically developing population to date. Out of an initial sampling of 305 studies, 32 were eligible for review. We examined the types of methods (self-report, informant report, naturalistic observation/ behavior coding, physiological, and open-ended) and the ER constructs based on Gross and Thompson's modal model (situation selection, situation modification, attention deployment, cognitive change, and response modulation). Studies most often assessed ER using one type of method and from a unidimensional perspective. Across the 32 studies, we documented the types of measures used and found that 38% of studies used self-report, 44% included an informant report measure, 31% included at least one naturalistic observation/behavior coding measure, 13% included at least one physiological measure, and 13% included at least one open-ended measure. Only 25% of studies used more than one method of measurement. The findings of the current review provide the field with an in-depth analysis of various ER measures and how each measure taps into an ER framework. Future research can use this model to examine ER in a multicomponent way and through multiple methods.Â© 2014 International Society for Autism Research, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Tourette Syndrome: a general pediatrician's 35-year experience at a single center with follow-up in adulthood. - Clinical pediatrics
A retrospective analysis of a 35-year single-center experience with pediatric tics and Tourette syndrome was conducted. 482 charts from 1972 to 2007 were reviewed. Follow-up surveys were mailed to last known address and 83 patients responded (17%). Response rate was affected by long interval from last visit; contact information was often incorrect as it was the address of the patient as a child. Males constituted 84%. Mean tic onset was 6.6 years. At first visit, 83% had multiple motor tics and >50% had comorbidities. 44% required only 1 visit and 90% less than 12 visits. Follow-up showed positive clinical and social outcomes in 73/83 survey responses. Of those indicating a poor outcome, mean educational level was lower and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and learning disabilities were significantly higher. Access to knowledgeable caregivers was a problem for adult patients. A shortage of specialists may in part be addressed by interested general pediatricians.Â© The Author(s) 2014.
Orientation precision of electron backscatter diffraction measurements near grain boundaries. - Microscopy and microanalysis : the official journal of Microscopy Society of America, Microbeam Analysis Society, Microscopical Society of Canada
Electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) has become a common technique for measuring crystallographic orientations at spatial resolutions on the order of tens of nanometers and at angular resolutions <0.1Â°. In a recent search of EBSD papers using Google Scholarâ„¢, 60% were found to address some aspect of deformation. Generally, deformation manifests itself in EBSD measurements by small local misorientations. An increase in the local misorientation is often observed near grain boundaries in deformed microstructures. This may be indicative of dislocation pile-up at the boundaries but could also be due to a loss of orientation precision in the EBSD measurements. When the electron beam is positioned at or near a grain boundary, the diffraction volume contains the crystal lattices from the two grains separated by the boundary. Thus, the resulting pattern will contain contributions from both lattices. Such mixed patterns can pose some challenge to the EBSD pattern band detection and indexing algorithms. Through analysis of experimental local misorientation data and simulated pattern mixing, this work shows that some of the rise in local misorientation is an artifact due to the mixed patterns at the boundary but that the rise due to physical phenomena is also observed.
Flying blind: sources of distress for family caregivers of palliative cancer patients managing pain at home. - Journal of psychosocial oncology
Pain requiring treatment is experienced by many cancer patients at the end of life. Family caregivers are often directly implicated in pain management. This article highlights areas of psychosocial concern for family caregivers managing a family member's cancer pain at home as they engage in pain management processes. This article is based on the secondary analysis, guided by interpretive description, of data collected for a grounded theory study that explored the processes used by family caregivers to manage cancer patients' pain in the home. Interviews and field notes from 24 family caregiver interviews were examined to identify areas of family caregiver psychosocial distress. The analysis revealed that family caregivers experienced distress at different phases of the pain management process. Sources of distress for caregivers included feeling as though they were "in a prison" (overwhelmingly responsible), "lambs to slaughter" (unsupported), and "flying blind" (unprepared). In addition, family caregivers expressed distress when witnessing their loved one in pain and when pain crises invoked thoughts of death. In sum, family caregivers managing a loved one's cancer pain at home are at risk for psychosocial distress. This study identified four key sources of distress that can help health care professionals better understand the experiences of these family caregivers and tailor supportive interventions to meet their needs. Knowledge about sources of distress can help healthcare professionals understand the experiences of these family caregivers and tailor supportive interventions to meet their needs.
Binocular vision and eye movement disorders in older adults. - Investigative ophthalmology & visual science
To determine the prevalence of binocular vision (BV) and eye movement disorders in a clinic population of older adults.Retrospective clinic data were abstracted from files of 500 older patients seen at the University of Waterloo Optometry Clinic over a 1-year period. Stratified sampling gave equal numbers of patients in the 60 to 69, 70 to 79, and 80+ age groups. Data included age, general and ocular history and symptoms, use of antidepressants, a habit of smoking, refraction, visual acuity, BV and eye movement status for the most recent full oculo-visual assessment, and an assessment 10 years prior. The prevalence of any BV or eye movement abnormal test (AT) result, defined as a test result outside the normal range, was determined. This included strabismus (any) or phoria; incomitancy; poor pursuits; and remote near point of convergence (NPC). The prevalence of significant BV disorders (diagnostic entities, i.e., a clinical condition that may need treatment and may have functional implications) was also determined.The prevalence of any BV or eye movement at was 41%, 44%, and 51% in the 60 to 69, 70 to 79, and 80+ age groups, respectively. These figures were lower for 10 years earlier: 31%, 36%, and 40% for ages 50 to 59, 60 to 69, and 70+, respectively. The prevalence of any BV or eye movement disorder was 27%, 30%, and 38% for the three age groups and 17%, 19%, and 24% for 10 years prior. Age and use of antidepressants most commonly predicted BV or eye movement AT or disorder.BV disorders are common among older adults.
Examining the relationship between alopecia areata, androgenetic alopecia, and emotional intelligence. - Journal of cutaneous medicine and surgery
Emotional stress has been associated with the development of alopecia areata (AA) and androgenetic alopecia (AGA). Emotional intelligence (EI), a component of general intelligence, is thought to govern the recognition, expression, and control of stress and other emotions. People with low EI are unable to adequately control stress in everyday life.To investigate EI differences between AA and AGA patients and a control population.Thirty-five AGA patients and 42 AA patients, with patchy (n â€Š=â€Š 28), ophiasis (n â€Š=â€Š 5), totalis (n â€Š=â€Š 5), and universalis (n â€Š=â€Š 4) distribution of hair loss, completed a 133-item Emotional Quotient-Inventory (EQ-I ) psychometric assessment. Scores were compared between AA, AGA, and 77 control subjects obtained from the North American normative population sample on which the psychometric instrument was normed.Statistically significant differences were found in EI between AA patients and controls with the EQ-I Stress Tolerance scale (p â€Š=â€Š .005). AGA patients also differed significantly from the controls but to a lesser degree compared toAA patients. In overall EI, there were no apparent differences between AGA and AA patients.AA and AGA patients exhibit a mild depressive reaction to their condition, with AA patients demonstrating a significantly stronger deficiency in coping with stress than AGA patients. The data support a psychosomatic contribution to AA. Referral of patients for EI assessment and psychosocial counseling could help reduce stress.
Children using cochlear implants capitalize on acoustical hearing for music perception. - Frontiers in psychology
Cochlear implants (CIs) electrically stimulate the auditory nerve providing children who are deaf with access to speech and music. Because of device limitations, it was hypothesized that children using CIs develop abnormal perception of musical cues. Perception of pitch and rhythm as well as memory for music was measured by the children's version of the Montreal Battery of Evaluation of Amusia (MBEA) in 23 unilateral CI users and 22 age-matched children with normal hearing. Children with CIs were less accurate than their normal hearing peers (pâ€‰<â€‰0.05). CI users were best able to discern rhythm changes (pâ€‰<â€‰0.01) and to remember musical pieces (pâ€‰<â€‰0.01). Contrary to expectations, abilities to hear cues in music improved as the age at implantation increased (pâ€‰<â€‰0.01). Because the children implanted at older ages also had better low frequency hearing prior to cochlear implantation and were able to use this hearing by wearing hearing aids. Access to early acoustical hearing in the lower frequency ranges appears to establish a base for music perception, which can be accessed with later electrical CI hearing.
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1501 N Campbell Ave Tucson, AZ 85724
1501 N Campbell Ave Box 245078
1501 N Campbell Ave Rm 5301