74 Bayne St
Norwalk CT 06851
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License #: 020851
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Current Trends in Retirement: Implications for Career Counseling and Vocational Psychology. - Journal of career development
This paper provides an overview of emerging trends in retirement, examines demographic trends in the labor force, and provides practical recommendations for working with older workers across cultures (e.g., women and racial/ethnic minorities, among others). Increasingly, older workers in the United States remain in the workforce for reasons related to financial security, healthcare, and personal fulfillment. Although retirement trends have become more complex, there is limited empirical literature addressing this issue and the research available does not attend to the needs of a diverse workforce. Therefore, implications for training, practice, advocacy, and research with regards to working with older workers across cultures (e.g., women and racial/ethnic minorities, among others) are provided.
Fatal Outbreak of an Emerging Clone of Extensively Drug-Resistant Acinetobacter baumannii With Enhanced Virulence. - Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
â€ƒSevere Acinetobacter baumannii infections in immunocompetent patients are uncommon, and the virulence mechanisms of this organism are not fully understood.â€ƒFollowing an outbreak of fatal A. baumannii infections in a cohort of relatively immunocompetent patients (low comorbidity and illness severity scores), isolates were investigated with comparative genomics and in animal models.â€ƒTwo unrelated A. baumannii clades were associated with the outbreak. The clone associated with the majority of patient deaths, clade B, is evolutionarily distinct from the 3 international clonal complexes, belongs to multilocus sequence type (MLST) 10, and is most closely related to strains isolated from the Czech Republic, California, and Germany in 1994, 1997, and 2003, respectively. In 2 different murine models, clade B isolates were more virulent than comparator strains, including the highly virulent reference strain AB5075. The most virulent clade B derivative, MRSN 16897, was isolated from the patient with the lowest combined comorbidity/illness severity score. Clade B isolates possess a unique combination of putative virulence genes involved in iron metabolism, protein secretion, and glycosylation, which was leveraged to develop a rapid and specific clinical assay to detect this clade that cannot be distinguished by MLST.â€ƒClade B warrants continued surveillance and investigation.Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Infectious Diseases Society of America 2015. This work is written by (a) US Government employee(s) and is in the public domain in the US.
Active screening in high-risk units is an effective and cost-avoidant method to reduce the rate of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection in the hospital. - Infection control and hospital epidemiology
To evaluate the impact of active screening for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) on MRSA infection rates and cost avoidance in units where the risk of MRSA transmission is high.During a 15-month period, all patients admitted to our adult medical and surgical intensive care units (ICUs) were screened for MRSA nasal carriage on admission and weekly thereafter. The overall rates of all MRSA infections and of nosocomial MRSA infection in the 2 adult ICUs and the general wards were compared with rates during the 15-month period prior to the start of routine screening. The percentage of patients colonized or infected with MRSA on admission and the cost avoidance of the surveillance program were also assessed.The overall rate of MRSA infections for all 3 areas combined decreased from 6.1 infections per 1,000 census-days in the preintervention period to 4.1 infections per 1,000 census-days in the postintervention period (P = .01). The decrease remained statistically significant when only nosocomial MRSA infections were examined (4.5 vs 2.8 infections per 1,000 census-days; P < .01), despite a corresponding increase during the postintervention period in the percentage of patients with onset of MRSA infection in the first 72 hours after admission to the general wards (46% to 81%; P < .005). A total of 3.7% of ICU patients were colonized or infected with MRSA on admission; MRSA would not have been detected in 91% of these patients if screening had not been performed. At a cost of Dollars 3,475/month for the program, we averted a mean of 2.5 MRSA infections/month for the ICUs combined, avoiding Dollars 19,714/month in excess cost in the ICUs.Even in a setting of increasing community-associated MRSA, active MRSA screening as part of a multi-factorial intervention targeted to high-risk units may be an effective and cost-avoidant strategy for achieving a sustained decrease of MRSA infections throughout the hospital.
Widespread emergence of methicillin resistance in community-acquired Staphylococcus aureus infections in Denver. - Southern medical journal
Increasing rates of methicillin resistance among out-patient Staphylococcus aureus infections led us to assess the epidemiology and outcome of a local outbreak.A retrospective cohort study of outpatient skin and soft tissue infections due to S aureus in 2003.From 2002 to mid-2004, the percentage of outpatient S aureus isolates resistant to methicillin increased from 6 to 45%. In multivariate analysis, only male sex and age greater than 18 years were associated with methicillin resistance. Methicillin resistance was common (>15%) among isolates from patients in nearly all subgroups evaluated. Pulsed field gel electrophoresis showed isolates related to USA 300, but methicillin-resistant strains had unusually high rates of quinolone resistance.A single strain of methicillin-resistant S aureus is responsible for the increase in skin infections in outpatients without traditional risk factors for infection with an antibiotic-resistant strain. In areas with high rates of methicillin-resistant S aureus outpatient infections, we recommend non-beta-lactam antibiotics for initial treatment of skin and soft tissue infections.
Outcomes of Cognitive-Behavioral Treatment for Insomnia on Insomnia, Depression, and Fatigue for Individuals with Multiple Sclerosis: A Case Series. - International journal of MS care
This clinical case series examined outcomes of cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) in individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS). Current literature links insomnia with higher rates of depression and fatigue in individuals with MS. However, no research to date evaluates a targeted psychotherapeutic intervention for insomnia in this population.Eleven individuals with a diagnosis of MS and insomnia participated in individual or group-based CBT-I sessions at the Cleveland Clinic Sleep Disorders Center between 2008 and 2013. A medical record review examined these individuals' self-reported experiences of insomnia, depression, and fatigue at the preintervention and postintervention levels using the Insomnia Severity Index, nine-item Patient Health Questionnaire, and Fatigue Severity Scale. Total sleep time was also reported at pretreatment and posttreatment intervals.Overall, participants reported improvements regarding insomnia, fatigue, and depression after CBT-I. Total sleep time also increased by an average of 1.5 hours. Despite overall improvement, symptoms of fatigue, insomnia, and depression persisted, at varying levels, for most participants.These results strongly suggest that CBT-I may serve as an effective clinical intervention for individuals with MS who report symptoms of insomnia. Given the considerable overlap of experiences of insomnia, depression, and fatigue in people with MS, CBT-I may also be helpful in identifying areas that may require additional clinical intervention for persistent symptoms of depression and fatigue. Further research is necessary.
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