890 Oak St Se
Salem OR 97301
Medical School: Other - Unknown
Accepts Medicare: No
Participates In eRX: No
Participates In PQRS: No
Participates In EHR: No
License #: 166875
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Intracrine cysteinyl leukotriene receptor-mediated signaling of eosinophil vesicular transport-mediated interleukin-4 secretion. - The Journal of experimental medicine
We investigated whether cysteinyl leukotrienes (cysLT) are intracrine signal transducers that regulate human eosinophil degranulation mechanisms. Interleukin (IL)-16, eotaxin, and RANTES stimulate vesicular transport-mediated release of preformed, granule-derived IL-4 and RANTES from eosinophils and the synthesis at intracellular lipid bodies of LTC(4), the dominant 5-lipoxygenase-derived eicosanoid in eosinophils. 5-Lipoxygenase inhibitors blocked IL-16-, eotaxin-, and RANTES-induced IL-4 release; but neither exogenous LTC(4), LTD(4), nor LTE(4) elicited IL-4 release. Only after membrane permeabilization enabled cysLTs to enter eosinophils did LTC(4) and LTD(4) stimulate IL-4, but not RANTES, release. LTC(4)-elicited IL-4 release was pertussis toxin inhibitable, but inhibitors of the two known G protein-coupled cysLT receptors (cysLTRs) (CysLT1 and CysLT2) did not block LTC(4)-elicited IL-4 release. LTC(4) was 10-fold more potent than LTD(4) and at low concentrations (0.3-3 nM) elicited, and at higher concentrations (>3 nM) inhibited, IL-4 release from permeabilized eosinophils. Likewise with intact eosinophils, LTC(4) export inhibitors, which increased intracellular LTC(4), inhibited eotaxin-elicited IL-4 release. Thus, LTC(4) acts, via an intracellular cysLTR distinct from CysLT1 or CysLT2, as a signal transducer to selectively regulate IL-4 release. These results demonstrate that LTC(4), well recognized as a paracrine mediator, may also dynamically govern inflammatory and immune responses as an intracrine mediator of eosinophil cytokine secretion.
IL-16 promotes leukotriene C(4) and IL-4 release from human eosinophils via CD4- and autocrine CCR3-chemokine-mediated signaling. - Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950)
Human eosinophils are potential sources of inflammatory and immunomodulatory mediators, including cysteinyl leukotrienes, chemokines, and cytokines, which are pertinent to allergic inflammation. We evaluated the means by which IL-16, a recognized eosinophil chemoattractant, might act on eosinophils to affect their capacity to release leukotriene C(4) (LTC(4)) or their preformed stores of chemokines (eotaxin, RANTES) or Th1 (IL-12) or Th2 (IL-4) cytokines. IL-16 dose dependently (0.01-100 nM) elicited new lipid body formation, intracellular LTC(4) formation at lipid bodies, and priming for enhanced calcium ionophore-activated LTC(4) release. IL-16 also elicited brefeldin A-inhibitable, vesicular transport-mediated release of preformed IL-4, but not IL-12, from eosinophils. CD4 is a recognized IL-16R, and accordingly anti-CD4 Fab, soluble CD4, and a CD4 domain 4-based IL-16 blocking peptide inhibited the actions of IL-16 on eosinophils. Although CD4 is not G-protein coupled, pertussis toxin inhibited IL-16-induced eosinophil activation. IL-16 actions were found to be mediated by the autocrine activity, not of platelet-activating factor, but rather of endogenous CCR3-acting chemokines. IL-16 induced the rapid vesicular transport-mediated release of RANTES. The effects of IL-16 were blocked by CCR3 inhibitors (met-RANTES, anti-CCR3 mAb) and by neutralizing anti-eotaxin and anti-RANTES mAbs, but not by platelet-activating factor receptor antagonists (CV6209, BN52021). RANTES and eotaxin each enhanced LTC(4) and IL-4 (but not IL-12) release. Therefore, IL-16 activation of eosinophils is CD4-mediated to elicit the extracellular release of preformed RANTES and eotaxin, which then in an autocrine fashion act on plasma membrane CCR3 receptors to stimulate both enhanced LTC(4) production and the preferential release of IL-4, but not IL-12, from within eosinophils.
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890 Oak St Se Salem, OR 97301
890 Oak St Se Salem Emergency Physicians C/O Ed - Salem Hsptl 'A'