37 North Ave Suite 103
Norwalk CT 06851
Medical School: Other - Unknown
Accepts Medicare: No
Participates In eRX: No
Participates In PQRS: No
Participates In EHR: No
License #: 3951
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Estimating the cost of TB and its social impact on TB patients and their households. - Public health action
Illness often poses a significant financial burden on individuals and their households, and tuberculosis (TB) is no exception. Although TB treatment is free in Nigeria, patients are likely to incur costs due to multiple visits during treatment. The purpose of this study was 1) to examine the health-seeking behaviour of TB patients and the costs borne by TB patients in Nigeria, and 2) to assess the social impact of TB disease on TB patients and their families/households. Of 260 TB patients surveyed, the majority (74.7%) were aged between 20 and 49 years. TB patients expended an average of US$52.02 (N = 8323.58, at the rate of US$1 = N = 160) per person on all visits associated with diagnosis and receipt of diagnostic test results. Overall, households experienced a shortfall of about US$57.30 (N = 9174.72) or 24.9% of income loss due to TB illness. Further analysis revealed that 9.7% of TB patients relied on children of school age or below to finance the costs of TB illness.
HIV-TB co-infection in children: associated factors and access to HIV services in Lagos, Nigeria. - Public health action
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and tuberculosis (TB) are the leading causes of death from infectious disease worldwide. The World Health Organization estimates that the prevalence of HIV among children with TB in moderate to high prevalence countries ranges between 10% and 60%. This study aimed to determine the access to HIV services of HIV-TB co-infected children.A retrospective review of data of children diagnosed with TB in Lagos State, Nigeria from 1 January 2012 to 31 December 2013.A total of 1199 children aged between 0 and 14 years were diagnosed with TB. Of 1095 (91.3%) who underwent testing for HIV, 320 (29.2%) were HIV seropositive. The male-to-female ratio of HIV-TB positive outcomes was 1:0.9. Of the 320 HIV-TB co-infected children, 57 (17.8%) were aged <1 year, 86 (26.9%) 1-4 years and 186 (58.1%) 5-14 years; 186/320 (58.1%) began cotrimoxazole preventive therapy (CPT), and 151 (47.2%) were put on antiretroviral treatment (ART). ART uptake was not significantly higher in facilities where HIV-TB services were co-located (P > 0.05).The uptake of CPT and ART was low. There is a need to intensify efforts to improve access to HIV services in Lagos State, Nigeria.
Patients with idiopathic recurrent miscarriage show higher levels of DR+ activated T-cells that are less responsive to mitogens. - Journal of reproductive immunology
In 50% of recurrent miscarriages (RM) the cause remains unknown and standardized immunological diagnosis and treatment of idiopathic RM (iRM) is yet not established. In this prospective case-control study, out of 220 RM patients screened, 97 iRM patients were identified and compared to 26 healthy controls without a previous pregnancy or blood transfusion in order to identify deregulated immunological parameters. Blood levels of lymphocyte subpopulations, cytokines and neopterin were determined by FACS, ELISA, and Luminex technique. Lymphocyte function was studied by in-vitro lympocyte proliferation tests. As compared to controls, patients had significantly higher proportions of activated CD3+DR+, CD4+DR+ and CD8+DR+ lymphocytes, elevated levels of neopterin and a lower in-vitro proliferation of lymphocytes (all p<0.05). Within the iRM patients higher proportions of CD3+DR+ T-lymphocytes correlated with higher proportions and absolute numbers of CD4+DR+ and CD8+DR+ T-lymphocytes and lower CD16+CD56+ NK-cells. Further, it was associated with lower absolute numbers of CD19+ B-lymphocytes, CD3+CD25+ T-lymphocytes and CD45+ total lymphocytes (all p<0.05). In addition we found decreased in-vitro lymphocyte proliferation in iRM patients with high CD3+DR+ T-lymphocytes (p<0.05). In summary patients with iRM showed increased activated T-cells that are less responsive to mitogens in-vitro. The inverse relationship of increased DR but decreased CD25 expression on CD3+ T-cells and the decreased in-vitro proliferation characterize an immunological disorder with similarities to T-cell exhaustion in patients with HIV and cancer. These abnormalities potentially contribute to the pathogenesis of iRM and might be a target for future immunomodulatory therapies.Copyright Â© 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
"Cut-and-Paste" Manufacture of Multiparametric Epidermal Sensor Systems. - Advanced materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla.)
Multifunctional epidermal sensor systems (ESS) have been manufactured with a highly cost and time effective, benchtop, and large-area "cut-and-paste" method. The ESS made out of thin and stretchable metal and conductive polymer ribbons can be noninvasively laminated onto the skin surface to sense electrophysiological signals, skin temperature, skin hydration, and respiratory rate.Â© 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
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