Dr. Paul  Papillion  Md image

Dr. Paul Papillion Md

1909 Mallory Ln Suite 104
Franklin TN 37067
615 717-7718
Medical School: Other - Unknown
Accepts Medicare: No
Participates In eRX: No
Participates In PQRS: No
Participates In EHR: No
License #: 43030T
NPI: 1053431015
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The Clinical Role of Intraoperative Core Temperature in Free Tissue Transfer. - Annals of plastic surgery
Lengthy microvascular procedures carry hypothermia risk, yet limited published data evaluate the overall impact of core temperature on patient and flap morbidity. Although hypothermia may contribute to complications, warming measures are challenged by conflicting reports of intraoperative hypothermia improving anastomotic patency.A retrospective review included all free flaps performed by plastic surgeons at an academic medical center from December 2005 to December 2010. Intraoperative core temperatures were measured by esophageal probe, and median values recorded over 5-minute intervals yielded a case mean (Tavg), maximum (Tmax), and nadir (Tmin). Outcomes included flap failure, pedicle thrombosis, recipient site infection and complications associated with patient, and flap morbidity. Analysis used Student t test, Fisher exact test, Probit, and logistic regression.Of 156 consecutive free tissue transfers, the median Tavg, Tmax, and Tmin were 36.5°C, 37.1°C, and 35.8°C, respectively. The flap failure rate was 7.7% (12/156) and pedicle thrombosis occurred in 9 (6%) cases. Core temperatures did not associate with overall flap failure or pedicle thrombosis but recipient site infection occurred in 21 (13%) patients who had significantly lower mean core temperatures (Tavg=36.0°C, P<0.01). Lower Tavg and Tmax significantly predicted recipient site infection (P<0.01 and P<0.05, respectively). Cut-point analysis revealed significant increases in recipient site infection risk at Tavg less than 37.0°C (P=0.026) and Tmin less than or equal to 34.5°C (P=0.020).Intraoperative hypothermia posed significant risk of flap infection with no benefit to anastomotic patency in free tissue transfer.
Infrared surface temperature monitoring in the postoperative management of free tissue transfers. - The Canadian journal of plastic surgery = Journal canadien de chirurgie plastique
Early identification of failing free flaps may allow for potential intervention and flap salvage. The predictive ability of flap temperature monitoring has been previously questioned. The present study investigated the ability of an infrared surface temperature monitoring device to detect trends in flap temperature and correlation with anastomotic thrombosis and flap failure.Postoperative measurement of surface temperature was obtained in 47 microvascular free flaps. Differences in temperature between survival and failure groups were evaluated for statistical significance using Student's t test (P<0.05). In addition, a single variable analysis was performed on 30 different flap characteristics to evaluate their prediction of flap failure.In total, eight flaps failed. Five of these were re-explored, of which one was salvaged. The three other flaps died a progressive death secondary to presumed thrombosis of the microcirculation despite adequate Doppler signals. Temperatures of the flap failure group during the last 24 h yielded a mean difference of 2 degrees C (3.56 degrees F) compared with surviving flaps (P<0.05). The temperature of the failing flaps began to decline at the eighth postoperative hour. Single variable analysis identified prior radiation to be a predictor of flap failure.A surface temperature measurement device provides reproducible digital readings without physical contact with the flap. Technical difficulties encountered in previous research with implantable or surface contact temperature probes are obviated with this noncontact technique. Flap temperature monitoring revealed a trend in temperature that correlates with anastomotic thrombosis and eventual flap failure.

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1909 Mallory Ln Suite 104 Franklin, TN 37067
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