Dr. Margarita  Rodriguez  Fnp image

Dr. Margarita Rodriguez Fnp

1604 E 8Th St Suite A
Weslaco TX 78596
956 475-5557
Medical School: Other - Unknown
Accepts Medicare: No
Participates In eRX: No
Participates In PQRS: No
Participates In EHR: No
License #: 704220
NPI: 1023348166
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Fragility is a key determinant of survival in heart failure patients. - International journal of cardiology
Heart failure (HF) is a chronic condition with poor prognosis, and has a high prevalence among older adults. Due to older age, fragility is often present among HF patients. However, even young HF patients show a high degree of fragility. The effect of fragility on long-term prognosis in HF patients, irrespective of age, remains unexplored. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of fragility on long-term prognosis in outpatients with HF.At least one abnormal evaluation among four standardized geriatric scales was used to identify fragility. Predefined criteria for such scales were: Barthel Index, <90; OARS scale, <10 in women and <6 in men; Pfeiffer Test, >3 (± 1, depending on educational grade); and ≥ 1 positive response for depression on the abbreviated Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS). We assessed 1314 consecutive HF outpatients (27.8% women, mean age years 66.7 ± 12.4 years with different etiologies. Fragility was detected in 581 (44.2%) patients. 626 deaths occurred during follow-up; the median follow-up was 3.6 years [P25-P75: 1.8-6.7] for the total cohort, and 4.9 years [P25-P75: 2.5-8.4] for living patients. Fragility and its components were significantly associated with decreased survival by univariate analysis. In a comprehensive multivariable Cox regression analysis, fragility remained independently associated with survival in the entire cohort, and in age and left ventricular ejection fraction subgroups.Fragility is a key determinant of survival in ambulatory patients with HF across all age strata.Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Educational level and self-care behaviour in patients with heart failure before and after nurse educational intervention. - European journal of cardiovascular nursing : journal of the Working Group on Cardiovascular Nursing of the European Society of Cardiology
Self-care is important for heart failure (HF) management and may be influenced by the patient's educational level.We assessed the relationship of educational level with baseline self-care behaviour and changes one year after a nursing intervention in HF outpatients attending a HF unit.Three hundred and thirty-five HF patients were studied, with a median age of 67 years (P(25-75) 57-75) and a median HF duration of six months (P(25-75) 1-36). HF aetiology was mainly ischaemic heart disease (53.4%). Median ejection fraction was 30% (P(25-75) 24-37%). The functional class was mainly II (66.3%) and III (25.7%). Educational levels were: very low 17.3%; low 62.1%; medium-high 20.6%. Patients were evaluated at the first visit (baseline) and one year after the educational intervention with the nine-item European Heart Failure Self-care Behaviour Scale.Median patient scores differed in the baseline (19 (P(25-75) 15-26) vs. 16 (P(25-75) 13-21) vs. 15 (P(25-75) 12.5-15.5)) and the one-year evaluation (15 (P(25-75) 13-17) vs. 13 (P(25-75) 11-15) vs. 12 (P(25-75) 10-14)) for the three educational levels, respectively, with statistically significant differences between levels (p=0.007 to p<0.001) except between low and medium-high education at one year (p=0.057). In the one-year evaluation, self-care behaviour significantly improved in the three educational groups (p<0.001), with a similar, albeit not statistically significant, magnitude of improvement in all groups.Self-care behaviour at baseline and one year after a nursing intervention was better in patients with a higher education, although the improvement with the intervention was similar irrespective of the educational level.© The European Society of Cardiology 2013.
Septic serum induces glucocorticoid resistance and modifies the expression of glucocorticoid isoforms receptors: a prospective cohort study and in vitro experimental assay. - Critical care (London, England)
A protective role for glucocorticoid therapy in animal models of sepsis was shown many decades ago. In human sepsis, there is new interest in glucocorticoid therapy at a physiological dose after reports of improved response to vasopressor drugs and decreased mortality in a selected group of patients. However, other reports have not confirmed these results. Cellular glucocorticoid resistance could explain a possible cause of that. To evaluate this hypothesis, we evaluated the expression of glucocorticoid receptor beta, the dominant negative isoform of glucocorticoid receptor, in peripheral mononuclear cells of septic patients and the effect of serum septic patients over glucocorticoid receptor expression and glucocorticoid sensitivity in immune cells culture.A prospective cohort study and an in vitro experimental study with matched controls were developed. Nine patients with septic shock and nine healthy controls were prospectively enrolled. Mononuclear cells and serum samples were obtained from the patients with sepsis on admission to the Intensive Care Unit and on the day of discharge from hospital, and from healthy volunteers matched by age and sex with the patients. Glucocorticoid receptor alpha and beta expression from patients and from immune cell lines cultured in the presence of serum from septic patients were studied by western blot. Glucocorticoid sensitivity was studied in control mononuclear cells cultured in the presence of serum from normal or septic patients. A statistical analysis was performed using a Mann-Whitney test for non-parametric data and analysis of variance for multiple comparison; P<0.05 was considered significant.The patients' glucocorticoid receptor beta expression was significantly higher on admission than on discharge, whereas the alpha receptor was not significantly different. In vitro, septic serum induced increased expression of both receptors in T and B cells in culture, with a greater effect on receptor beta than the control serum. Septic serum induced glucocorticoid resistance in control mononuclear cells.There is a transient increased expression of glucocorticoid receptor beta in mononuclear cells from septic patients. Serum from septic patients induces cell glucocorticoid resistance in vitro. Our findings support a possible cell glucocorticoid resistance in sepsis.
Chimeric infectious bursal disease virus-like particles as potent vaccines for eradication of established HPV-16 E7-dependent tumors. - PloS one
Cervical cancer is caused by persistent high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) infection and represents the second most frequent gynecological malignancy in the world. The HPV-16 type accounts for up to 55% of all cervical cancers. The HPV-16 oncoproteins E6 and E7 are necessary for induction and maintenance of malignant transformation and represent tumor-specific antigens for targeted cytotoxic T lymphocyte-mediated immunotherapy. Therapeutic cancer vaccines have become a challenging area of oncology research in recent decades. Among current cancer immunotherapy strategies, virus-like particle (VLP)-based vaccines have emerged as a potent and safe approach. We generated a vaccine (VLP-E7) incorporating a long C-terminal fragment of HPV-16 E7 protein into the infectious bursal disease virus VLP and tested its therapeutic potential in HLA-A2 humanized transgenic mice grafted with TC1/A2 tumor cells. We performed a series of tumor challenge experiments demonstrating a strong immune response against already-formed tumors (complete eradication). Remarkably, therapeutic efficacy was obtained with a single dose without adjuvant and against two injections of tumor cells, indicating a potent and long-lasting immune response.
Antiangiogenic and antitumor effects of Trypanosoma cruzi Calreticulin. - PLoS neglected tropical diseases
In Latin America, 18 million people are infected with Trypanosoma cruzi, the agent of Chagas' disease, with the greatest economic burden. Vertebrate calreticulins (CRT) are multifunctional, intra- and extracellular proteins. In the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) they bind calcium and act as chaperones. Since human CRT (HuCRT) is antiangiogenic and suppresses tumor growth, the presence of these functions in the parasite orthologue may have consequences in the host/parasite interaction. Previously, we have cloned and expressed T. cruzi calreticulin (TcCRT) and shown that TcCRT, translocated from the ER to the area of trypomastigote flagellum emergence, promotes infectivity, inactivates the complement system and inhibits angiogenesis in the chorioallantoid chicken egg membrane. Most likely, derived from these properties, TcCRT displays in vivo inhibitory effects against an experimental mammary tumor.TcCRT (or its N-terminal vasostatin-like domain, N-TcCRT) a) Abrogates capillary growth in the ex vivo rat aortic ring assay, b) Inhibits capillary morphogenesis in a human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) assay, c) Inhibits migration and proliferation of HUVECs and the human endothelial cell line Eahy926. In these assays TcCRT was more effective, in molar terms, than HuCRT: d) In confocal microscopy, live HUVECs and EAhy926 cells, are recognized by FITC-TcCRT, followed by its internalization and accumulation around the host cell nuclei, a phenomenon that is abrogated by Fucoidin, a specific scavenger receptor ligand and, e) Inhibits in vivo the growth of the murine mammary TA3 MTXR tumor cell line.We describe herein antiangiogenic and antitumor properties of a parasite chaperone molecule, specifically TcCRT. Perhaps, by virtue of its capacity to inhibit angiogenesis (and the complement system), TcCRT is anti-inflammatory, thus impairing the antiparasite immune response. The TcCRT antiangiogenic effect could also explain, at least partially, the in vivo antitumor effects reported herein and the reports proposing antitumor properties for T. cruzi infection.
[Encephalitis due to antibodies against the NMDA receptor. A case report of a female patient with no associated tumour and a literature review]. - Revista de neurologia
A severe form of acute encephalitis associated to antibodies against the N-methyl D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor has recently been reported. This clinical picture occurs in young people, not always with an underlying tumour and, despite the initial severity, if identified and treated at an early stage, complete recovery without any kind of sequelae can be achieved. We report on a new case and review the body of knowledge currently available on this recently identified condition.A 22-year-old female who visited our centre due to a progressive conduct disorder. Over the days that followed, deterioration in the level of consciousness made it necessary to put her on assisted respiration. Magnetic resonance imaging of the head showed hyperintense lesions mainly in deep temporal regions. A study of the cerebrospinal fluid revealed pleocytosis with a predominance of lymphocytes and antibodies against the NMDA receptor. In the complementary study no underlying tumour was observed. Treatment with corticosteroids and immunoglobulins brought about a slow but steady improvement. After a one-year follow-up there have been no recurrences, no tumours have appeared and the patient has gone back to her usual day-to-day activities. Even a significant temporal atrophy that developed at the beginning of the clinical picture has gradually been seen to resolve itself in neuroimaging studies performed as a control measure.Encephalitis due to anti-NMDA antibodies is a disease that has only recently been characterised, but which, according to currently available data, is relatively frequent. Clinically well defined, suspicion of this condition will make it possible to reach a definitive diagnosis and to establish early treatment.
Perineal injuries at a large urban trauma center: injury patterns and outcomes. - The American surgeon
The purpose of this study was to describe the characteristics of this unique patient population, their clinical presentations, and outcomes. The Los Angeles County and University of Southern California Medical Center Trauma Registry was used to retrospectively identify patients who sustained perineal injuries. Information included gender, age, vital signs, trauma scores, mechanisms of injury, studies performed, surgeries performed, and outcomes. Pediatric patients and injuries related to obstetric trauma were not included. Sixty-nine patients were identified between February 1, 1992 and October 31, 2005. One patient died on arrival; 85 per cent (58 of 68) were males, mean age was 30 +/- 12 years, and there was a penetrating mechanism in 56 per cent. Vital signs on admission were systolic blood pressure 119 +/- 33 mmHg, heart rate 94 +/- 27 beats/minute, and respiratory rate 20 +/- 6 breaths/min. Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) was 13 +/- 3, Revised Trauma Score (RTS) was 7.2 +/- 1.5, and Injury Severity Score (ISS) was 11 +/- 12. CT scan was obtained for 23 (33%) patients. Lower extremity fractures were 35 per cent and pelvic fractures 32 per cent. The most common surgery was débridement and drainage, diversion with colostomy in five patients (7%). Overall mortality was 10 per cent. Mortality group mean scores were: GCS, 6; RTS, 5.74; and ISS, 34. The survival group mean scores were: GCS, 14; RTS, 7.7; and ISS, 8. There was a statistically significant association between mortality and GCS, RTS, and ISS scores (P < 0.001). Most patients with perineal injuries (93%) can be managed without colostomy. Associated injuries are not uncommon, particularly bony fractures. Mortality is mostly the result of exsanguination related to associated injuries.
Trypanosoma cruzi calreticulin: a possible role in Chagas' disease autoimmunity. - Molecular immunology
Trypanosoma cruzi (T. cruzi) is the causative agent of Chagas' disease, an endemic and chronic illness that affects 18 million people in Latin America. The mechanisms underlying its pathogenesis are controversial. There is a growing body of evidence supporting the view that T. cruzi infection elicits severe autoimmune responses in the host, which significantly contribute to the pathogenesis of Chagas' disease, and several recent studies have reported the presence of autoantibodies and effector T lymphocytes against parasite and self antigens in infected patients and experimentally infected animals. T. cruzi calreticulin (TcCRT) is a 45kDa protein, immunogenic in humans, rabbits and mice. It has a high degree of homology with human (HuCRT) and mouse calreticulin (MoCRT), which would explain why an immune response to TcCRT could contribute to autoimmune reactions in Chagas' disease. Anti-TcCRT antibodies generated in A/J mice immunized with recombinant TcCRT (rTcCRT) reacted with rHuCRT and bound to neonatal and adult isogenic cardiomyocytes cultured in vitro. Interestingly, histological alterations, such as edema formation and cell infiltrates, which include CD3(+) cells, were detected in heart sections from immunized animals. Therefore, in rTcCRT-immunized mice, an autoimmune reaction against host CRT, paralleled by histological cardiac alterations, suggests a role of the parasite molecule in the induction of immunologically mediated heart tissue damage. The data presented here propose that TcCRT participates in the induction of cardiac autoimmunity in Chagas' disease.
An Indigenous Virulent Strain of Erwinia amylovora Lacking the Ubiquitous Plasmid pEA29. - Phytopathology
ABSTRACT An atypical strain of Erwinia amylovora was isolated near an outbreak of fire blight at a nursery in Spain in 1996. It was obtained from a Crataegus plant showing typical symptoms and was identified as E. amy-lovora by biochemical tests and enrichment-enzyme-linked immuno-sorbent assay, but not by polymerase chain reaction using primers based on the pEA29 sequence. Nevertheless, with primers from chromosomal regions, the isolate gave the expected amplification band. This strain carries one plasmid of approximately 70 kb, with no homology with the 29-kb plasmid common to all pathogenic strains, or with a large plasmid present in some E. amylovora strains. Growth of the strain in minimal medium without thiamine was slower compared with cultures in the same medium with thiamine, a characteristic typical of strains cured of the 29-kb plasmid. Nevertheless, aggressiveness assays on pear, apple, and Pyracantha plants and in immature pear fruit showed that this strain exhibited a virulence level similar to other strains containing pEA29. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of the isolation from naturally infected plant material of a pathogenic strain of E. amylovora without pEA29, but with a plasmid of approximately 70 kb not previously described.
Intrathecal administration of gadopentetate dimeglumine for MR cisternography of nasoethmoidal CSF fistula. - AJR. American journal of roentgenology
Accurate diagnosis and localization of dural defects associated with CSF fistulas are difficult and often involve multiple imaging studies performed at the appropriate clinical moment. Our purpose was to assess the utility of intrathecal administration of gadopentetate dimeglumine for MR cisternography of patients with CSF fistula suspected clinically to arise from defects in the nasoethmoidal regions.MR cisternography was useful for evaluating patients with rhinorrhea and suspected CSF fistula. It depicted the fistula site in most patients. No adverse effects were found in any patient.

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